It includes the cereal grasses, bamboos and the grasses of natural grassland and species cultivated in lawns and pasture. Every part of this plant body is used in some way or the other. With 11,337 species, members of the Poaceae are found on every continent except for Antarctica. Many such as dandelion are 'weeds'. ASTERACEAE (=Compositae) Order Asterales Sunflower/Aster Family Second largest family of dicots, cosmopolitan. The family consists of plants that are generally cultivated as crop plants for food. By contrast, sedge spikelets are often (but not always) composed of flowers arranged in tight spirals within which each flower is subtended by a single scale. Most of them are xerophytes, hydrophytes and semi-aquatic. In the sedge family, each flower is subtended by a scalelike bract. Poaceae 1-Floral formula. Including corn, rice, wheat, sugar cane, bamboo, oats, rye, and barley, grasses feed the global population, not to mention use for building materials, alcohol production, and electricity generation. Saccharum (sugarcane) Bambusa (bamboo) Zea (corn) 4 Poaceae is the most economically important group of angiosperms. The stem might be erect, hairy, woody or prostrate. Add your answer and earn points. Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses. GOTHWAL ACADEMICS 1,817 views. Mostly herbaceous, a few shrubs. Fodders: Medicago sativa (Alfalfa) is one of the best forage crops. 14. Important Genera. 4. Below is the floral formula along with the floral diagram for both male and female flowers. Leaves – narrow, lanceolate, parallel venation and consisting of leaf sheath and leaf blade. Brainly User Brainly User This family is also known as Poaceae family. Male flower Female flower Diagrams with formulas 12. Food: Most of the important pulses are belonged to this family. grass family. There are 3 stamens that hang down and the anthers shed pollen into the wind. They may be terrestrial or aquatic. The family comprises of about 500 genera and 4500 species including such as Avena sativa (Oat – Jai, Barley) commonly distributed in temperate region, but are also found in tropical and sub-trope! The Virtual Floral Formula All of these flowers are from species in the Proteaceae. Floral Formulas A Cool Way to Look at Floral Anatomy Floral Formulas System of notation Display a ton of information about the structure of a flower Similar to the ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 760d75-NzViM Poaceae is a massive and incredibly important plant family. 6:55. Poaceae – Grass Family. Poaceae is by far the most economically important family of angiosperms. The test will consist of only objective type multiple choice questions requiring students to mouse-click their correct choice of the options against the related question number. The leaves may be radical, petiolat… Poaceae - Poaceae - Characteristic morphological features: Although grasses superficially resemble other plants, most notably the rushes (family Juncaceae) and sedges (family Cyperaceae), these similarities are far outweighed by the numerous less-conspicuous differences in the structure and arrangement of reproductive parts, pollen development and structure, chromosome structure, and … In the Poaceae, proliferation of antipodal cells is often observed (Banerjee and Wienhues 1965, Anton and Cocucci 1984).In barley, up to 100 antipodal cells were found in the mature embryo sac (Cass and Jensen 1970).Engell (1994) characterized them as “a metabolic center” for the supply of nutrients to … These pulses are used as food. Floral formula : Floral diagram : Systematic position: Class: monocotyledonae ——-Series: Glumaceae ————Family: Graminae. 7. observe a flower's structure, prepare a lloral formula, and then progress to keying out. Seed contains embryo with coleop-tile, coleorhiza and scutellum (Fig.7.15). Diagnostic Charaters: Root – adventitious or fibrous. Poaceae (Gramineae) : Grass Family • Large and ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses • Name “Poaceae” was given by John Hendley ... Floral Formula: Br. 1.1- Overview The Poaceae (also called Gramineae or true grasses) are a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants.With more than 10,000 domesticated and wild species, the Poaceae are the fifth-largest plant family, following the Asteraceae, Orchidaceae, Fabaceae, and Rubiaceae.Though commonly called "grasses", seagrasses, rushes, and sedges fall outside this family. Almost all the features denoted in a floral formula will be used in the identification process just to get to family level, This is more efficient than returning to the specimen to reex-amine it … Poaceae - Poaceae - Distribution and abundance: There are about 10,000 grass species, most of them confined to a single continent. 2. The common species of pulses are Grain, Pea, and Kidney bean. Since the scalelike petals and sepals of the rush family are very … Areas. Poaceae 1-Floral formula. Cocos nucifera is a plant from this family which yields wide variety of products. ... Floral Biology of Wheat - Duration: 6:55. There will be total 10 MCQ in this test. Grasses are annual, biennial, or perennial plants that are usually herbaceous but may be woody in some genera. Graminae or Poaceae family (Plant Family) Hindi Medium - Duration: 32:50. The products from the members of this family are used as food, oil, shelter, decoration, clothing etc. Oryza sativa 3. The 2 sepals are modified into lodicules. These species generally have four free perianth segments that have a zygomorphic arrangement, four stamens with very short filaments that are joined to the perianth segments, and a gynoecium consisting of a single carpel with a superior ovary. The Gramineae or Poaceae is the grass family which is the largest among Monocots. They only lack the showy petals and sepals because they are wind pollinated and do not need to attract insects. 1 See answer rameshgiri19990916 is waiting for your help. In grasses, the individual flower is referred to as a floret. ANTIPODAL CELLS. The 2 sepals are modified into lodicules. Approximately 8,000 species distributed throughout the world, but most genera concentrate in tropics. Belong to liliids (Liliidae, monocots). The leaves may be evergreen or deciduous and are all basal or alternate, and usually much longer than wide. Family: Poaceae. Diversity: often tufted (caespitose) perennial herbs, also many annuals, rhizomatous or stoloniferous perennials and some 'woody' types (bamboo) - ca. Saccharaum officinarum 6. Floral formula and floral diagram. 8.Importance of poaceae 1. Sabine Gubatz, Winfriede Weschke, in Barley (Second Edition), 2014. Common name: Carrot family or Celery or Parsley family or Umbelliferae Number of genera:This family includes 434 genera and about 3700 species Propagation type: Whole fruit or partial fruit Distribution: The members of this family Apiaceae are distributed in most parts of the world. Poaceae is the scientific name for grass. 1. zea mays 2. An exception, the cosmopolitan species Phragmites australis, the giant reed grass, has the widest geographic range of any flowering plant. The Poaceae (also called Gramineae or true grasses) are a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants. Slide 3 –A brief comparison of Graminoids (grasses, sedges and rushes) Slide 4 to 43 - Anatomy and Morphology of Grasses SOME HINTS, HELPS, … Title: Poaceae 1 Poaceae (Gramineae) 2 Order Poales Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 3 Avena (oats) Oryza (rice) Triticum (wheat) Poaceae is by far the most economically important family of angiosperms. It might sometimes contain latex. Flower formula is Fruit is a caryopsis; it includes flower scales. The Commelinidae Family Overview - Cyperales. Most primitive grasses are bamboos (Bambusoideae subfamily). Poaceae (Gramineae) Plants of the Grass Family We do not normally think of the grasses as flowers, yet they are. POACEAE Também conhecido como Graminae, Poaceae constitui uma família da classe Liliopsida, representada por ervas, quase sempre rizomatosas, perenes, ou anuais, além de lenhosas, como os vários gêneros e espécies de bambus. 2. family (Poaceae), sedge family (Cyperaceae) & rush family (Juncaceae). Gramineae, or Poaceae—grass family. F L O R A L F O R M U L A 6.Floral digram 11. The flowers of Poaceae are small, lack petals, and are pollinated by wind. Includes some food crops (safflower, artichoke, lettuce, sunflowers), ornamentals (Marigolds, Daisys), and medicinal plants (wormwood, arnica). They have the following characteristic features: 1. Please keep a pen and paper ready for rough work but keep your books away. The flowers of Poaceae are small, lack petals, and are pollinated by wind. Bambusa bamboo 7. Economic Importance of Papilionaceae. The Poaceae plant family is composed of over 10,000 species of flowering plants. Grass spikelets are flattened with the flowers attached in two opposing ranks, and with a somewhat intricate arrangement that includes additional scale-like bracts found only in grasses. Pulses are rich in proteins. You can work down the taxonomic hierarchy from Major Group (to find out which Families belong to each), to Family (to work out which Genera belong to each) or Genus (to find out which Species belong to each). The latter are commonly referred to collectively as grass. But they are commonly found in sub-tropical, north temperate regions. The flowers typically have 3 (rarely 2 or 6) stamens. Floral digram of grass spikelet 13. 3. 3. Pennisetum glaucum 5. Poaceae (Gramineae) - the Grass Family. POACEAE [GRAMINEAE] –GRASS FAMILY Slide 2 –A quick family description as found with all family files on this site. Taproots are modified into tubers. These plants are cultivated in India during winter season. It consists two perianth, three stamens and monocarpellary gynoecium with single ovule on basal placentation. % ⚥P 2 (lodicules) A 3 G 1. There are 3 stamens that hang down and the anthers shed pollen into the wind. Cymbopogon citarus. Triticum aestivum 4. 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