). Their cryptic coloring and markings protect kudus by By the age of 1,5 years, most male calves start showing signs of gender. Tandala These horns begin to grow when the bull is between six and 12 months old and will reach their full length by the time the bull is six years old. Kudus are preyed upon by lions, hyenas, wild dogs and leopards. Sexual Dimorphism – Males and females look quite different from one another. Greater and lesser kudu males have long, spiral horns; occasionally a female will have small ones. The two species of the Kudus look quite similar, though Greaters are larger than the lesser kudu. Kudu horn releases a mellow and warm sound that has the ability to add a unique African accent to the music. I loved this website!! Males are significantly bigger and females appear leaner. When alarmed, kudu run away, lifting their tails over their rumps and fanning out the … Horns are the main trademark of the kudu. Kudus are a species of antelopes majestic in their looks, with their twisted horns making them quite distinct from other antelopes. Did you enjoy learning more about the kudu? Giant Eland. This Item Ships To Your Location Both the greater kudu and its close cousin, the lesser kudu, have stripes and spots on the body, and most have a chevron of white hair between the eyes. Their life span is from 7 to 8 years in the wild. Kudu (/ k uː d uː / koo-DOO), or koodoo, is the Khoikhoi name for this antelope.Trag-(Greek) denotes a goat and elaphos (Greek) a deer.Strepho (Greek) means "twist", and strephis is "twisting".Keras (Greek) refers to the horn of the animal.. Some form of courting behavior precedes mating, after which the pregnant female undergoes a seclusion period before they give birth. These beautifully shaped horns have long been prized in Africa for use as musical instruments, honey containers and symbolic ritual objects. or forest, Up to 9 Greater kudu have some unusual behaviors. They are widely distributed in Southern Africa, especially in the bushveld lowlands. months (greater kudu), leopards, Etymology of the name. The kudu is found commonly within game reserves and usually are found in groups of about 10 Kudu with a dominant male and the rest female. 7 are in East Africa -Bushbuck -Bongo -Sitatunga -Gedemsa -Greater Kudu -Lesser Kudu -Nyala In this genus only males have horns. They engage in social licking, which is rare in antelope. The lesser kudu is vividly marked with 11–15 vertical white stripes, broad chest and … The horns of the kudu twist once every two years, usually twisting just twice before they stop growing. Kudu have very large ears, hence their acute hearing. The kudu is one of the most spectacular must-see animals for African wildlife lovers. Eland are light brown but may turn gray with age. After this period the calf will follow the mother, and from six months is old enough to fend for itself. Newborn kudus are hidden to avoid predation for their first five weeks, during which the mother frequently returns to nurse the calf. The lesser kudu is highlighted as “near threatened” with their populations in decline. These horns have several roles. There are many species of antelope, such as wildebeest, topi and eland in which both sexes have horns, but there are some in which only the males do - … (greater kudu), 7 to 8 Greater and lesser kudu males have long, spiral horns; occasionally a female will have small ones. While the females will spot a bright rufous coat the males have a darker slate gray skin. Males have long, spiral horns. Occasionally, males will lock horns—particularly if they are the same size and stature. They are widely distributed in Southern Africa, especially in the bushveld lowlands. The kudu is part of the antelope family. Male Greater Kudus tend to be much larger than the females, and vocalise much more, utilising low grunts, clucks, humming, and gasping. Males are also adorned with impressive spiraled horns which will twist 2.5 times and can grow up to 3.5 feet (60 to105 centimeters) long. Tell us about your kudu experience in the comment section below. Sexual segregation is prevalent with males and females only meeting during the mating season, which usually coincides with rainy season. captivity, Dense bush hunting dogs, spotted hyenas, humans. Have you ever met this unique creature face-to-face? Kudu’s primarily eat leaves, grass, and roots. The kudu is one of the larger antelopes and is easily recognized by the large spiraled horns that grow longer with age. The females are smaller and shorter, with an average height and weight of 1.2 meters and 170 kgs respectively. With a height range of between 1.3 and 1.5 meters, the greater kudu males stand as the tallest antelope after. However, the lesser kudu’s horns are smaller and reach only 0,7 meters in length. Giant … The name found its way into the English language courtesy of the Afrikaans of, There are two species of kudu from the family bovidae; the lesser kudu (. Lesser kudu do not have a throat mane. There are two species of kudu from the family bovidae; the lesser kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis) and the greater kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros). They are active primarily from dusk until dawn, tending to rest during the daylight hours in woodlands where their camouflage helps them to avoid predators. (See more on Africa’s endangered animals.). Kudu are highly alert and notoriously hard to approach. Greater kudus are found in Eastern and Southern Africa. The cows and calves are redder in color, which gives them better camouflage in their woodland habitat. Greater kudus are well adapted to surviving during the dry season by feeding on wild watermelons for water. From the Great Kudu to Caribou, animals with antlers and horns rely on them to assist with crucial tasks, such as defending themselves. Scientific name: Taurotragus derbianus. Outside of Africa’s national parks, kudus have receded to mountainous woodlands due to human activities in their preferred lowlands. Horns are the main trademark of the kudu. They live in herds of approximately 25 antelopes but it is also possible to find herds of two to three females with their calves. Other regions include East African regions of Kenya such as in the Tsavo National Park, They live in herds of approximately 25 antelopes but it is also possible to find herds of two to three females with their calves. The greater kudu’s horns are spectacular and can grow as long as 1.8 meters (about 6 feet), making 2-1/2 graceful twists. Although their stomach structure is made for browsing, during the wet season they occasionally supplement this diet by grazing the lush grasses. While their natural habitat has faced threat from human activities the world conservation body the IUCN highlights the greater kudu as “least concern” with their population considered stable. Kudu males have long, twisted horns. Female kudu are noticeably smaller than the males and do not have horns. By contrast, lesser kudus are even smaller — about 90 centimeters at the shoulder. very difficult to spot. Occasionally, the horns undergo three twists, which would reach around 1.8 meters if stretched out. Also, they have no beard or nose markings. Lesser kudu also have white chevrons between their eyes and white patches on their neck. While the kudus are not aggressive sparring between males is not uncommon. Kudu usually mate between May and August. A bull checks the reproductive condition of females by sniffing of her urine. Kudu have many different behaviors and adaptations that help them survive. Lesser kudu are one of the more striking species of antelope. range, but the scarcity of food in dry season may prompt them he females are smaller and shorter, with an average height and weight of 1.2 meters and 170 kgs respectively. Females and young also come under threat from cheetahs. Kudus are primarily browsers, preferring leaves and shoots from trees and shrubs, and flowers and fallen fruits. Size: up to 1400 lbs and 8.3 ft in length. While female kudus has short horns, males have horns of up to 1.8 meters, the longest of any antelope, which take an average of six years to reach their full length. Kudu Males or Kudu Bulls drinking at a waterhole during the dry season Kudu females or … The greater kudu's horns are spectacular and can grow as long as 1.8 meters (about 6 feet), making 2-1/2 graceful twists. Females have no horns at all. Males from both species have horns. The lesser kudu is highlighted as “near threatened” with their populations in decline. A large adult male Greater Kudu stands over 5 ft. tall, and a large male Lesser Kudu stand about 4 ft. tall. They are one of the tallest antelopes and have spiral shaped horns. Kudu horns have been used as musical instruments for years by traditional communities, including as the Shofar – a Jewish ritual horn. While antlers are mainly used for mate selection during the breeding season (either to attract females directly or to deter rival males through display or combat), horns are generally used for social dominance, territoriality and anti-predator interactions. Unlike the lesser kudu the greater kudu has three subspecies; T.s.strepsiceros, T.s.chora, and T.s.cottoni, which we explore in more detail below. Males are larger than females, and have long spiral horns. Other regions include East African regions of Kenya such as in the Tsavo National Park, Tanzania’s Serengeti National Park, and the horn Africa region of Ethiopia and Somalia. The bulls horns do not begin to grow until the bull is between the age of 6–12 months, twisting once at around 2 years of age, and not reaching the full two and a half twists until they are 6 years old; occasionally they may even have … Of the two kudu species, the greater kudu has a larger body size. Skin coloration ranges from reddish-brown to blue-gray, interspersed with white markings. When they detect danger – often using their … The name found its way into the English language courtesy of the Afrikaans of South Africa. kudu (, 55 inches The greater kudu's horns are spectacular and can grow as long as 72 inches, making 2 1/2 graceful twists. (greater kudu), 565 pounds They occasionally eat fruit and tubers. Like most species, male Greater Kudu is a lot larger than the female Kudu and sports along hair fringe along their throat. Females and young have a bright rufous coat, which darkens to slate-gray in males. The young male horns begin to grow at 6 - 12 months of age, twisting once at about two years of age and reaching two and a half twists at about six years of age, which is when the horns grow to their full length. The lesser kudu stands only about 100 cm (39 inches) high and weighs 92–108 kg (202–238 pounds). (. Please log in again. Unlike greater kudu, they have shorter horns more white stripes (11-15) on its rib side and black and white leg colorations. A kudu male weighs about 500 to 800 pounds, while the female kudu wieghs around 400 to 500 pounds. Kudu(Tragelaphus strepsiceros)Characteristics. Female greater kudus are noticeably smaller than the males. It comes from the horn of the kudu antelope and is occasionally used in Jewish ceremonies. In fact, you can tell the difference between an adult male and female just by looking at them – this is known as sexual dimorphism. The kudu horns can rage in size and we have stock of horns that range in size for 30'-36'. While their natural habitat has faced threat from human activities the world conservation body the IUCN highlights the greater kudu as “least concern” with their population considered stable. Occasionally, this may lead to their twisted horns locking, and if they are unable to disentangle the result in death for both animals. While female kudus have short horns, male kudus have horns of up to 1.8 meters, the longest of any antelope, which take an average of six years to reach their full length. In reality, some female animals have horns for similar reasons to their male counterparts. Kudu horns are prized in Africa for use as musical instruments, honey containers, and symbolic ritual objects. Because those who care share! I hope if anybody wants facts on Kudus, they come straight to SAFARIS AFRICANA to get their awesome Kudu facts!! Lesser kudus are lighter in weight and have a shorter stature, at 92-108kgs and 100cms respectively. Kudu are very sought after trophies for hunters partially due to their long, spiral horns. The bull follows her with his head stretched forward and his horns back. But even though these horns could do some damage, the greater kudu is generally not an aggressive animal. The Importance of Antlers and Horns. Greater kudus are found in Eastern and Southern Africa. With a height range of between 1.3 and 1.5 meters, the greater kudu males stand as the tallest antelope after the eland. Both sexes have 6-10 vertical white stripes on their sides, a white chevron between the eyes and three white spots on the cheek below the eye. However, it is not rare to find them in close proximity to human settlement areas, due to their stealth and nocturnal adaptations. They are also destroying their habitat. On weight, males tips the scales at a minimum of 257 kgs and 315 kgs. Kudus normally restrict their movements to a small home Male Greater Kudus also have large horns with 2.5 twists, which range between 1.2 meters and begin to grow only once the male is between 6 to 12 months old. Of the two kudu species, the greater kudu has a larger body size. Learn more about these large antelopes below. Adult bulls are sought after for their massive horns (mainly foreign trophy hunters). Both species have long horns, which point upward and slightly back, and curl in a corkscrew shape. Physical characteristics. The difference between a male and female kudu is that the female does not have horns and is smaller and lighter than the male with very prominent ears. Unlike the lesser kudu the greater kudu has three subspecies; Of the two kudu species, the greater kudu has a larger body size. With its majestic horns and long beard, a male greater kudu is easily differentiated from a female. Female Greater Kudu: Habits The call of the Kudu, the loudest of any antelope, is a penetrating hoarse bark. All our kudu horns are real - not replicas. Other markings include the distinct 6-10 vertical white stripes on the rib side, nose chevrons, and white forelegs for the greater kudus. Follow us for instant access to all of our best safari & wildlife content: The kudu is one of the most spectacular must-see animals for African wildlife lovers. Stripes stand out on a grayish-brown coat on males and a reddish-brown coat for females. camouflaging them. The kudu is one of the 3 most hunted species in South Africa by local hunters primarily for their meat and to make biltong (dried meat or jerky). 2. There are 9 species in Spiral Horned Antelope. Antlers and horns also have different functions. After logging in you can close it and return to this page. Females do not have horns. If alarmed they usually stand still and are The Afrikaans term ‘koedoe’ is a combination of both of zebra and deer. Unlike the greater kudu, the lesser kudu does not depend so much on the water for their survival and get can get most of their water requirements from the parts of succulent wild fruits, only taking water if available. Kudus don’t roam over long distances but rather live in home ranges of up to 6 km sq. Mkubwa and Tandala Ndogo, greater Sexually dimorphic, only the males have horns and an abundant fringe of hairs from the chin down the neck. Humans hunt the kudu as a trophy due to their large horns. In addition to horns differentiating them from females, males also have long beards. At his point, they leave their mother and form small bachelor groups of up to ten males. It has been described as one of the most handsome of the antelope family, due to the male’s unique large, corkscrew horns. The lesser kudu can have up to 14 stripes on its flank. years in the wild and up to 23 years in The login page will open in a new tab. 1. This species has a white stripe running down its back with 11 to 14 stripes coming off it and down the animal's side. Kudu bulls tend to be much larger than the cows who do not grow horns. They will have natural imperfections from the animal living in the wild, fighting and aging. Females do not. Greater kudus are found in Eastern and Southern Africa. Kudu Horn. He stands behind her with his neck on the female rump. https://www.awf.org/wildlife-conservation/kudu, http://www.krugerpark.co.za/africa_kudu.html. This instrument, which comes in a set of six horns, reflects the cross pollination of musical traditions in Africa. Males have large spiralled horns, weigh up to 300kg and stand 1,5m at the shoulder; females don't have horns; both have white stripes down their grey flanks; mainly browsers favouring bushwillow and acacia species; approximately 5 000 in Kruger Both male and female eland, like these Patterson eland, have horns. The males also have large manes running along their throats, and large horns with two and a half twists, which, were they to be straightened, would reach a length of 1 metre on average. The greater kudu's horns are spectacular and can grow as long as 72 inches, making 2 … Bulls also attain much larger sizes than cows, and have a tasseled dewlap. The greater kudu’s horns can reach an impressive 1,4 meters. Facial markings consist of blac… to roam more widely. A grayish-brown coat on males and do not have horns and long beard, male. To 14 stripes coming off it and down the animal living in the wild, fighting aging... 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