But not all the hoary questions have gone away. A number of issues were raised, some through the literature, which became foci for the research. Post-cold war increases in international trade and other forms of globalization suggest that area and international studies will grow in importance, despite internal rivalries and external competition for scarce academic, government, and private-sector resources. , Washington, Assocation of American Geographers. There is usually a core of humanities research that continues irrespective of the national need as defined by government or funding bodies. The main goal of this article is to assess and compare the various understandings of the concept of the region. The linguistic turn provided the intellectual resources for the current transformation of area studies as it reacted to feminism, ethnic studies, cultural studies, and most recently, globalization. This presentation talks in general about the region and regional geography before turning more specifically to work that the author is doing. The authors focus on meanings attributed to symbols and symbolism in literature, and observe which elements are viewed as regional symbols and how these symbols contribute to the process of regional development and institutionalization, especially in the formation of its symbolic shape. Those posts can be vulnerable, as the departure of the lone foreign specialist from a disciplinary department can mean the permanent loss of that research area, leaving expertise on that country in the institution as a whole impoverished. The characteristics of contemporary area studies, at least as practised in the UK, were set out clearly in the 2005 Oxford workshop. In some institutions, the study of history, literature, and the arts will also be drawn in to area studies groupings where they exist. 1. This is its exact location.The geography theme of location can also deal with relative location. It brings together researchers from a range of different disciplinary backgrounds and with different theoretical approaches from those disciplines, often combined with a deep knowledge of a country or region and its language. As a result, we defined 235 functional transport regions (FTR) in the Czech Republic, which reflect the core-hinterland polarization. Suggestions regarding preparation to teach in indigenous communities reflect the enhancement of identity learning and promotion of border crossing. 1998, p. 138). ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0080430767025821, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781843347903000019, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0080430767032344, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0080430767032253, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0080430767032113, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0080430767032241, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0080430767032307, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0080430767032228, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B008043076702475X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080449517500324, International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001, International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, Area and International Studies in the United States: Stakeholders, Area and International Studies: Sociology, Area and International Studies in the United States: Institutional Arrangements, Area and International Studies: Cultural Studies, Area and International Studies: International Relations, An example of environmental design of coastal defence, Hans F. Burcharth, ... Alberto Lamberti, in, Environmental Design Guidelines for Low Crested Coastal Structures. The purpose of this study is to contribute to the general understanding of air transport organization and creation of air interactions in view of three issues - distance, integrity and hierarchy. It gives students the fundamental concepts and the latest data regarding world places in a concise, easy-to-read format. The world map, however, reveals at least one iron law of global politics: human territoriality. ‘What is said’ about a region can powerfully shape the form and content of its social relations and what literally takes place there. Agnew, C. T. (1984). Five themes are used as the framework for providing an integrating overview of the continent and its problems. World regional geography focuses on regions of various sizes across the earth’s landscape and aspires to understand the unique character of regions in terms of their natural and cultural attributes. While area studies conceptually covers all the academic disciplines, they differ in their hospitality to area studies as an intellectual approach. Este artigo tem como objetivo contribuir para o debate sobre as relações entre sentido de lugar, região e fenomenologia. One prominent exception is the University of Oxford, which in 2004 set up the School of Interdisciplinary Area Studies with the aim of bringing together the scattered communities of scholars working on different areas and giving them a stronger voice, and budget-holding powers, within the University. Third, for their war effort, at first, and then later for their own vision of global governance, the Americans needed broader coverage of social sciences over the globe. A regional approach is needed to enhance cooperation for policy change at national, as well as regional level. Geography involves studies that are much broader than simply understanding the shape of the earth’s landforms. 1949 constituted a watershed, for this sae the amalgamation of the AAG and the American Society for Professional Geographer, and from that time growth in membership was rapid. The forms of the regional structure depend on the historical, geographical, political, and cultural specifics of the territory. This approach prevailed during the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, a period when then regional geography paradigm was central within the geographical sciences. Reconstructed Regional Geography By the 1980s, traditional regional geography had been eclipsed by the methodological developments (i.e., quantitative geography) Lambert, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001. Globalization has been changing the nature of regions as locally bound, visible, static, and clearly delimited entities (Pred 1986;Massey 1995;Allen et al. Formal regions consist of geographic regions, cultural regions, governmental regions and economic regions. Some settlements will be longer lasting than others' (Allen et al. It might compare the political institutions of former totalitarian states, or the rising economies of the BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India, and China). with the meaning Earth took in human life. New regional geography is a heterogeneous field with a general interest in “social theory that would explain spatial variation” (Holmen 1995). Most people think of area studies as the whole of geography. Geography always relies on regional approaches since it deals with areas. in uncharted territory. 2. It is argued that Aquileian communities in Istria underwent a remodeling of communal institutions in order to mirror the salient administrative aspects of other Venetian subject centers on the Peninsula. The characteristics of an effective culture broker are those of a border crosser and this establishes a nexus between border crossing and culture brokerage. Regional planning is the science of efficient placement of infrastructure and zoning for the sustainable growth of a region. Whichever the reason, the fact that we do tend to think in idiosyncratic ways helps to explain the lasting success of regional geography—at least in the form of regional monographs. This textbook takes a regional approach and focuses on themes that illustrate the globalization process, which in turn assists us in better understanding our global community and its current affairs. 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