Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! By this definition, the contents of archaeology are derived from various collections of old manuscripts (Daniel, 1967:1). Archaeological science, also known as archaeometry, consists of the application of scientific techniques to the analysis of archaeological materials, to assist in dating the materials. The “Archaeology” Liaison Group (“Archaeology” LG) is concerned with the scientific study of the prehistoric, protohistoric or historic human groups, through the analysis of their remains. French archéologie, from Late Latin archaeologia antiquarian lore, from Greek archaiologia, from archaio- + -logia -logy. See also prehistory, protohistory [C17: from Late Latin archaeologia, from Greek arkhaiologia study of what is ancient, from arkhaios ancient (from arkhē beginning)] See also prehistory, protohistory [C17: from Late Latin archaeologia, from Greek arkhaiologia study of what is ancient, from arkhaios ancient (from arkhē beginning)] Definition ofArchaeology Ttmight be usefulto m~ntjonofdefinition 1the archaeOlogy, Since the various definitions of Archaeology might reflect the emergenceandthegrowthof archae­ elogy itself. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Within this frame, Ebla, which is the glory of the Sapienza school of Oriental archaeology, will have an exemplary meaning in the course development as a long lasting experience on the field and an excellent example of the scientific results of combined researches and disciplines. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. “Archaeology.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/archaeology. 6ro<0 1. "Archaeology is certainly a peaceful profession," Rick said admiringly. What made you want to look up archaeology? Archaeology is to social nature what comparative anatomy is to organized nature. Most people chose this as the best definition of archeology: The definition of archeol... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. @Richard - I also came into archaeology from a math/science background, and it took me a long time to recognize that science and a scientific approach might need defending in archaeology. Is Friday Named After A Goddess With A Chariot Pulled By Cats? Processual archaeology was an intellectual movement of the 1960s, known then as the "new archaeology", which advocated logical positivism as a guiding research philosophy, modeled on the scientific method —something that had never been applied to archaeology before. Scientific archaeology and indigenous oral traditions have long been estranged. Archaeology is the scientific study of past cultures through analysis of physical remains. D.S. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Synonyms: prehistory, protohistory More Synonyms of archaeology archaeological (ɑːʳkiəlɒdʒɪkəl) adjective [ADJECTIVE noun]...one of the region's most important archaeological sites. ... and of periods of history by examining the parts of buildings and objects found in the ground see also industrial archaeology Topics History b2, Scientific research b2. American English is not always as it appears to be ... get to know regional words in this quiz! Martinón-Torres and Killick distinguish ‘scientific archaeology’ (as an epistemology) from ‘archaeological science’ (the application of specific techniques to archaeological materials). But it seems to be as if archaeology is, in some sense, about honoring the losers' story, too, right? See the full definition for archaeology in the English Language Learners Dictionary, Nglish: Translation of archaeology for Spanish Speakers, Britannica English: Translation of archaeology for Arabic Speakers, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about archaeology. Dictionary.com Unabridged The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. The first time I ever heard about archaeology was in the fifth grade when we learned about Richard Leakey. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition Updated August 12, 2018. Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? All rights reserved. The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Archaeology is about paying attention to things that have been or could be indetectable or invisible to others. Ruth Shady isn't my anything; she is her own, completely original force in archaeology. Your instructor will serve as your content source and mentor for completing the exercise. The scientific method is a never-ending process of making and refining hypotheses, continually testing them with new data, and reformulating them when new data is available. Learn a new word every day. Accessed 5 Dec. 2020. This attitude of suspense is not without precedent in archaeology. K. Kris Hirst. The Emergence ofArchaeology as Scientific Discipline!Ph. The word -archaeology" was firstusedto meanancienthistoryingene­ ral. An example of archaeology is examining mummies in tombs. It was Mathiassen who laid the groundwork for the scientific study of arctic archaeology through his definition of Thule Inuit culture. Copyright © 2011. Archaeology is dependent on other sciences and social sciences, including chemistry, geology, and zoology in terms of data collection. Both archaeology and history deal with the human past, concerned with… Archaeologists study things that were created, used or changed by humans. Once something is unearthed, it rarely goes back in the ground, so archaeologists and anyone else interested in the findings need good, strong data to recreate the scene and deduce theories from what's encapsulated within. Mummies in tombs antiquarian lore, from Late Latin archaeologia antiquarian lore, from Greek,! Be... get to know regional words in this quiz an example of archaeology and anthropology, thematic! 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