Dictionary of Economic Plants. The bees of the Peponapis genus (Eucerini, Apidae) have a Neotropical distribution with the center of species diversity located in Mexico and are specialized in Cucurbita plants, which have many species of economic importance, such as squashes and pumpkins.Peponapis fervens is the only species of the genus known from southern South America. One plant group with the most species used as human food is the Cucurbitaceae family. Cucumis sativus is Khira. Publication Author Uphof. How to Grow Cucurbita Plants in your Garden Gardener's HQ Guide to Growing Squash, Gould, Pumpkin, Luffa, Zucchini, and Courgette. This makes squash vine borer an insect pest of great economic importance in the United States. U. S. Department of Agriculture, ARS, Crops Research, La Jolla, California. The plant habit is similar and the fruit shape and size within each species are variable. Cucurbita pepo has been cultivated for its edible fruits for thousands of years and remains a crop plant of great economic importance today. The genera included in the family are of food, medicinal as well as useful for other purposes. The availability of this genome is distinct from other cucurbits such as C. lanatus , C. sativus and C. melo , as the transcriptomes [ 16 , 17 , 18 ] and whole genome sequences [ 19 , 20 , 21 ] have already been reported. To date, the genetic basis of fruit-associated traits in C. maxima have been poorly understood. Department of Horticulture, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona utilissimus is Kakri. The value of pumpkins produced was $149 million, and that of squash was $249 million (National Agricultural Statistics Service 2013). The pumpkin in question is Cucurbita maxima “Jarrahdale,” a 10-pound winter squash that just happens to be shaped like a pumpkin.Of course, it doesn’t help matters much that pumpkins (botanically classified as selections of Cucurbita pepo) are but another form of winter squash.To further confuse things, the summer squashes such as zucchini and yellow squash are selections of C. pepo … Cucurbita maxima fruits are produced for fresh market and are valuable for food processing. Economic Importance of Cucurbitaceae: This family is particularly important economically because its fruits are edible. Therefore, fruit characteristics and yield are the traits of high economic importance for breeders. 2. Cucumis sativus – Fruit and vegetable. The fruits of Cucurbita are much prized by gardeners and home makers alike.. C. melo var. ... Cucurbita maxima – Vegetable. Vegetables and fruits: 1. Within this family, the genus Cucurbita stands out as one of the most important.Five of its species Cucurbita argyrosperma Huber, C. ficifolia Bouché, C. moschata (Duchesne ex Lam.) Economic Importance of the Family: Family cucurbitaceae has long played important role in economic affairs of man. momordica is Phut and C. melo var. Economic value of the family is out lined below. There are three major species in this genus that are cultivated for their fruits (Cucurbita maxima, Cucurbita moschata and Cucurbita pepo), and they are often not easy to distinguish. The plant is a half hardy annual that flowers in the summer and bears fruits of many colours (especially orange and yellow), and shapes (round, pear shaped). Regardless of its economic importance, the genomes of C. maxima and C. moschata have been made accessible during recent years . 3. Cucumis melo (Hindi – Kharbuza): The fruits are edible and a number of varieties are known. Almost all parts of Cucurbita maxima plants a ... of effects of different fertilizers and different fertilizer level on the ionome of certain crops with high economic importance. Cucurbita maxima Duchesne squash and pumpkins are cultivated world-wide. I. Duchesne ex Poiret, C. maxima Duchesne ex Poiret, and C. pepo L.—have been domesticated in the New World and for … In 2012, annual production of squash and pumpkins in the U.S. was valued at approximately $400 million. Important economically because its fruits are edible and a number of varieties known. Remains a crop plant of great economic importance of the family is particularly important economically because fruits. Fruits for thousands of years and remains a crop plant of great economic of. And a number of varieties are known food processing makes squash vine borer an insect pest great. 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