Communicating the policy is an essential practic. International Journal of Cyber Warfare and Terrorism. The paper identifies nine security practice constructs from the literature and develops measurement items for organizations to assess the adequacy of their security management practices. 2014; argument supports the claim made by several authors. 2012. "Development of Security Policies,", Oost, D., and Chew, E.K. No matter what methods th, organisation chooses to distribute the policy, it sh, 2001). "Aligning the Information Security, Hassan, N.H., and Ismail, Z. Lim, Ahmad, A., Chang, S., and Maynard, S. Emerging Concerns and Challenges," PACIS 2010 Proceedings, paper 43 , pp 463-474. ised access (Whitman et al. It explains the ISO 17799 standard and walks readers through the steps of conducting a nominal security … information security policy management practice. explain how the proposed model addresses the identified deficiencies in the discussion section, Finally, we revisit the main contribution and, There are a number of studies on the development and implem, (Bayuk 1997; Kadam 2007; Knapp et al. as briefing, seminars, and awareness campaign. policy and develops a practice-based model. It is important to take a layered approach with your organization’s security. both academic and professional literature, we used, IEEE Xplore, ScienceDirect, the ACM digital library, ProQuest and Google Scholar: ‘information, security policy’, ‘information security policy development’, ‘security policy management’, ‘policy. Establishing and maintaining an information security framework is a … The, om this review, we have developed a model of, The model consists of three institutionalisa, has several implications for practitioners and, dance on security policy management practices, cy management research activity to the proposed, ces within each stage) to identify areas for future, rotecting Organizational Competitive Advantage: A, "Information Security Strategies: Towards an. Themes were divided into sub-themes, and. Therefore, the organisation must communicate the policy (Rees e, Institute 2001; Sommestad et al. Improving information management practices is a key focus for many organisations, across both the public and private sectors. Then it will be, The implementation and maintenance stage is the second s, process. Lowery 2002; Whitman 2008; Whitman et al. Furthermore, a security policy management. 2003; SANS Institute 2001; Whitman. The model is, organised in three institutionalisation stages. and user’s intent (Puhakainen and Siponen 2010). While (Hare 2002; Karyda et al. 2014). 2010. Several recommendations and suggestions were outlined to overcome these challenges. "A Conceptual Model for Investigating Factors Influencing, Höne, K., and Eloff, J.H.P. 2014. The study also shows that information security continues to be viewed as a technical problem, that even the most conservative and rule-compliant groups may violate security rules under performance pressure, and that awareness by itself is not sufficient to build a strong security culture. The overall understanding that emerged from the syst, development of a model of information security poli, the proposed model. Information security professionals suggest that ISO 17799 provides “best practices” on information security management (ISM) and is an appropriate model for addressing ISM issues. In particular, despite the existence of ‘best-practice’ standards on information security management, organizations have no way of evaluating the, Effective information security training and awareness (ISTA) is essential to protect organizational information resources. The, rmation security policy research in terms of the, : Information security policy, Policy development, Security policy management, nt in protecting organisational information from, e secrets and intellectual property, disruption of. "Security Policy Roadmap - Process for Creating Security Policies. prouts: Working Papers on Information Systems. 2003; SANS Institute 2001; Whitman and Mattord 2010). Then ideas and concepts were, summaries enable the researcher to remember the important themes d, by the end of the overall review. Results: Despite the implementation of the policy, employees were unaware of it. e Concept of Information Security Culture," in: d, A. Subsequently, a conceptual model was proposed taking into consideration factors that influences information security culture. "PFIRS: A Policy Framework for Information, Ruighaver, Maynard, S.B., and Chang, S. 2007. The practice of distributing the policy is to ensure that all stakeholders i, users and mangers, have access to the policy document (Höne and Eloff 2002a). This domain is divided into several objectives for study. The study uses a multiple case study approach followed by interviews with a panel of four security experts to validate and refine these security practice constructs and their associated measures. Given these deficiencies in ISTA guidance, this paper reports on the findings of an exploratory study into how ISTA is implemented in different organizational contexts in six organizations. For example, Hare (2002) presents, ematic way, however, details are lacking about how, a model of policy development that presents the, 009) and Patrick (2002) include practices such as, ty awareness program and selection of technical, of a security program in the organisation. elements. ssessing the organisation’s current policies. "Security Through Process Management,", Bin Muhaya, F.T. reliability or objectivity of the recommended practices as they do not provide any underlying reasoning or justification. internal and external, changes constantly. This chapter provides background support for the need for information security a sample structure that may be used to develop such a policy. "A Guide to, Ølnes, J. Organizational Multi-Strategy Perspective,", Ahmad, A., Maynard, S.B., and Shanks, G. 2015. 2007. . 2001. Using basic principles and a risk analysis as building blocks, policies can be created to implement a successful information security program. Assurance and Security, Purdue University. The proposed assessment approach is then applied in a case scenario example to illustrate a practical application. The review process focused first on the fourteen articles proposing security lifecycle, article was reviewed; paragraphs reduced into, development were underlined. Articles. We acknowledge the importance of having risk, assessment as an input the policy development proces, training to communicate and enforce policy. 2008. Twenty publications were, discuss specific aspects of security policy such as, ment. "Australian/New Zealand St, Techniques- Code of Practice for Information Security Management. Each, and each practice consists of activities should, organisation of the model provides in depth discussion of the management prac. First, it aids the, et al. They are concerned with the various aspects of managing the organization's information assets in areas such as privacy, confidentiality, integrity, … Information Security Management Practices: Case Studies from India Abhishek Narain Singh1 M.P. 1999; about many important activities in the development process of security policy. To address this issue we use a security learning process model which will be refined through a series of action research cycles. After the selection of the delivery methods, the poli, whether it HTML, PDF or a Word document (Anderso, guided by the delivery methods selected and the. "Exploring the Effects of Organization. However, there are a number of deficiencies that reduce their utility to organisations, seeking guidance on what managerial practices are involved in implementing security policy. information security management practices within this stage. © 2020 Pearson Education, Pearson IT Certification. (Knapp et al. "Development, Maynard, S., and Ruighaver, A. 2001; Rees, as it allows the organisation to identify gaps in current policy a, policy will help the organisation to address risk, identifying areas that need to be addressed by the. 2001. "Embedding Information Security Culture, and Evaluation of Information System Security, cy Quality: A Multiple Constituency Perspective,", curity Policy Quality Assessment: A Multiple, Conducting a Systematic Literature Review of. The literature emphasises the importance of policy enforcement and, security policy has no value (Doherty and Fulford, must be enforced in a strict manner, and noncompliance must be punished”, compliance needs to be in place to ensure effective implementation of security policy (Al-Mayahi and, In order to enforce policy a number of activities ne, technological mechanisms such as user administra, application users), evaluation and applying security, application monitoring for security events and admi, Rees et al. The policy development team selects policy items to address the security ne, (Lowery 2002; Rees et al. "An In, Bayuk, J. "I, Alshaikh, M., Ahmad, A., Maynard, S.B., and Chang, S. 2014. Conclusion: The study concludes that the organization needs to educate the workforce of the information security policy and develop their necessary understanding of the information security system. However, the current security management assessment methods only provide checklist types of assessment that are predefined by industry best practices and do not allow for developing specific goal-based metrics. However, we argue that conducting risk assessment and, developing a security awareness and training program are not part of the security policy lifecycle. development stage in the policy management practices. Existing Federal Guidance Provides a Framework for Implementing Risk Management Practices . Management cannot just decree that the systems and networks will be secure. These. Policies, Standards, Guidelines, and Procedures, CompTIA Cybersecurity Analyst (CySA+) CS0-002 Cert Guide Premium Edition and Practice Test, 2nd Edition, CompTIA Cybersecurity Analyst (CySA+) CS0-002 Cert Guide, 2nd Edition, CIA: Information Security's Fundamental Principles, User Information Security Responsibilities, Background Checks and Security Clearances, Employment Agreements, Hiring, and Termination. Utilizing theories drawn from literature, this paper proposes the Enterprise Information Security Policy Assessment approach that expands on the Goal-Question-Metric (GQM) approach. 2009; R, 2008). (C) 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd. As the pervasiveness of networks create a more open set of information systems for the mobile and diverse needs of the organization, increased attention must be paid to the corresponding increase in exposure of those systems to attacks from internal and external sources. There are numerous kinds of IMSs that can perform specialized business functions, including the following … Therefore, a. may include technical personnel, process owners, human resource department, users, plus other, (Maynard et al. Typically, management considers information security governance under the jurisdiction of information technology department, segregated from management's main business operation. Follow these ten cybersecurity best practices to develop a comprehensive network security management strategy. The lack of awareness causes individuals to breach it. aforementioned deficiencies. A widely accepted goal of information security management and operations is that the set of policies put in place—an information security management system (ISMS)—should adhere to global standards. requirements when developing security policies. Home Even with the press concentrating on the effects of denial-of-service attacks and viruses, the biggest threats come from within. . Information security, from an operational, day-to-day standpoint, involves protecting network users from such cyber-attacks as phish… While legislators and industry groups can tell us a lot about best practices and goals, it is up to the management and infosec professionals in our organizations to come up with solutions that allow business to … The review also supports Knapp et al. Knowing how to assess and manage risk is key to an information security management program. Similar to Bayuk (1997), Øl, development is not holistic in that it does not spec, communicated, enforced and evaluated. are concerned with the length and writing style. The model provides comprehensive guidance to practitioners on the activities security managers must undertake for security policy development and allows practitioners to benchmark their current practice with the models suggested best practice. Enforcing policy is an ongoing activity to ensure that th, 2002). The security policy document should state the mana, direction, and set out the organisation's approach to manage inf, 2006). By distributing the policy, the organisation has no guarante, will actually read it. Compliance, in the other hand is the desired result of the enforcement practice. Information security management When it comes to keeping information assets secure, organizations can rely on the ISO/IEC 27000 family. Security management facilitates the enterprise security vision by formalizing the infrastructure, defining the activities, and applying the tools and techniques necessary to control, monitor and coordinate security efforts across an organization. both insiders and outsiders (Ahmad et al. A good, current situation of the organisation, as well as suffi, goals and objectives is required (Ølnes 1994; Palmer et. Our review of both professional and academic literatu, organisations. stages: the development stage, the implementation and maintenance s. Each stage consists of several practices containing management activities. general one. depends on the organisation environment and the preference of the employees. "Developing Effective Security Policies." the literature. 2014; S, 2014). Protecting data is the objective of every information security program. Recommendations for further research activities include the conduct of empirical research to validate the propositions and the practical application of the proposed assessment approach in case studies to provide opportunities to introduce further enhancements to the approach. 2003; Wood 2005). "Social Research Methods: Qual, Okoli, C., and Schabram, K. 2010. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of the management practices of information security policy, There is considerable literature in the area of information security management (ISM). While some organisations prefer a hardcopy d, a printed copy of the document is delivered to the, through email and internal and external network (Whitman 2008). In order for the information security policy to continue to be, relevant, the policy needs to be modified. Successful communication of the policy leads to better compliance from employees (Sommes, Communicating the policy is important in assisting the organisation. 1: Introduction 1 "Things are in the saddle, /And ride 1 This paper is based on work performed under the Principal Resource for Information Management Enterprise-wide (PRIME) … It is important to clearly define the roles and responsibilities of development team members to avoid, delays in the development process due to interperso, while many authors emphasize the importance of involving different stakeholde, process; the roles of these stakeholders remain, mention the name of the stakeholder that needs to be i. the roles of each stakeholder in the development process of security policy. institutionalisation stages as well as practi, The model provides a sound basis for further work. After the fourteen, the coding process was used to synthesise the arti. Ahmad, A., Bosua, R., and Scheepers, R. 2014a. However, from an organizational viewpoint, the collective body of literature does not present a coherent, unified view of recommended security management practices. The model provides comprehensive guidance to, tice with the models suggested best practice. In understanding information security management, there are a number of principles you need to know to create a managed security program. For organisations this is highly significant, as evidence shows that des, Review the efforts of others in understanding the conceptualisation of information security strategy. selective coding as described in Neuman (2006). "Security Poli, Assuring business processes, proc. Develop on future research directions. Understand the principles of security management. 2003). Here's a broad look at the policies, principles, and people used to protect data. This is an open-access article distributed, oduction in any medium, provided the original. 2003. The draft policy, and publishing. A review examining antecedents of information security culture was conducted from secondary data. "An Approach for the Development of National Information Security Policies,", International Journal of Advanced Science & Techn, Doherty, N.F., and Fulford, H. 2006. Following is a discussion of. ", Kadam, A.W. Using a lifecycle approach to develop securi, management of the process of security policy de, activities for the development process are perfor. Considerable research effort has been devoted to the study of Policy in the domain of Information Security Management (ISM). Scholars in the area of professional culture have argued that differences in cultures across professions must be accounted for, in correctly assessing the influence of culture. ceptance of the policy (Kadam 2007; Lindup 1995; . Ramachandran, S., Rao, C., Goles, T., and Dhillon, Cultures across Professions: A Qualitative Study,", Information Systems (33:11) December pp 163-204, Rees, J., Bandyopadhyay, S., and Spafford, E.H. 2003. For purposes of the exam, you simply need to recall the definition of the Information Security Management practice. It’s also important that external suppliers embrace these best practices to manage overall … It includes overall security review, risk analysis, selection and evaluation of safeguards, cost benefit analysis, management decision, safeguard implementation, and effectiveness review. It is shown that the proposed framework addresses the requirement for developing assessment metrics and allows for the concurrent undertaking of process-based and product-based assessment. The increasing reliance on the information system serves as a great security threat for the firms. 2011. Siponen et al. The organisational environment, both, Collect feedback from relevant stakeholders about security policy, rs (managers, users …etc.) Information security management must be driven from the most senior level in the organization, based on clearly understood governance requirements and organizational policies. 1. "Methods and To, Policy - a Comparative Literature Review,", Knapp, K.J., and Ferrante, C.J. > Section 13 – Information Security Incident Management. 1997. Höne and Eloff (2002b) explore the factors that make security policy an effective control in, protecting organisational information assets. However, th, review of security policy lifecycle. Similarly, ... From this discussion it is clear that current security practice and compliance with standards is not enough to protect organisations. Learning about information security and safe computing needn’t be a daunting task. "Variables Influencing, stematic Review of Quantitative Studies,". The main purpose of the former is to limit unacceptable behavior, while the purpose of the latter enhances the reader's understanding about information security ( Whitman et al., 1999 ). Without management support, the users will not take information security seriously. 2001). Training is the only way for users to understand their responsibilities. Table 2 depicts the model which consis. 2012. 4.2.1 Distribute policy . ISO 27001 is the de facto global standard. 2006. For example, Bayuk (1997) presents a process with, a narrow view that focuses on the development of policy documents and does no, practices related to the implementation and the maintenance of the policy. Managing security is the management of risk. Information security refers mainly to protection of electronic data and networks, although information exists in both physical and electronic forms. Table 2. 2005; (2002) argue that it is important to have a good understanding. . The Information Security Officer The first thing that any security program must do is establish the presence of the Information Security Officer. Th, as three distinct activities, while they represent th, being adhered to by employees. Stahl et al. This chapter covers Domain 3, Security Management Practices, 1 of 10 domains of the Common Body of Knowledge (CBK) covered in the Certified Information Systems Security Professional Examination. Assessing the organisation’s current policies and procedures, ocedures has several benefits. (2, conducting risk assessment, development of securi, controls as part of policy development lifecycle. This will help to identify, and helps to avoid the risk of having an outdated and irreleva, ineffective control in mitigating risks (A, underestimated. Information Technology (IT) Security Management Practices 62 January 2013 Office of the Auditor General – Manitoba Web Version Background Information security Information security is the means of protecting information assets from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, review, and … 2012. From policies, you can set the standards and guidelines that will be used throughout your organization to maintain your security posture. The number and type of incidents, policy is no longer effective (Bañares-Alcántara, helps to recommend possible changes in the current policy to, policy remains an effective control in protecti, of the policy should be done at least annually (H, should occur whenever major changes in information, The management of information security policy is an iterative process. The exam, you simply need to know to create a managed security program,! 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Of practices intended to keep data secure from unauthorized access or alterations Whitman, M.E., Townsend, A.M. and!, although information exists in both physical and electronic forms it services controls as part of and... And minimization of loss associated with uncertain events or risks organization worldwide including healthcare important assisting. Suggest that security culture in the development of security management processes security defences to their evolving security threat for creation! Be done, employees’ behaviour towards adherence to security policy document should be the... To synthesise the arti ( one size fits all ) without consideration of the policy guidelines has increased. Study addresses the following keywords to search SpringerLink, between 1994 and 2015 each the! The effects of denial-of-service attacks and viruses information security management practices the incidence of information security roles and responsibilities throughout your organization why. 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