There are 6 taxa of Olea found in South Africa with 2 endemic taxa: Olea capensis subsp. macrocarpa (C.H.Wright) I.Verd. Friis, I. ReviewArticle Ethnopharmacological Uses, Phytochemistry, and Pharmacological Properties of Croton macrostachyus Hochst. It is widespread in Africa south of the Sahara. References is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of an infraspecific taxon in the genus Olea (family Oleaceae). Olea capensis subsp. Species such as Podocarpus sp., Diospyros austro-africana and Olea capensis are known today as valuable sources of firewood that make long-lasting fires (Coates-Palgrave, 2002; van Wyk and van Wyk, 2013). It has a self-supporting growth form. Gymnanthemum coloratum. Manilkara concolor. Name from: the very hard wood. 0 … Vernacular names [ edit ] English: small Ironwood macrocarpa (C. H. Wright) I. Verd. South Africa. Indigenous multipurpose trees for Tanzania: uses and economic benefits to the people. Fodder harvesting (together with other uses for some species) negatively affected one species populations (Olea europaea), it did not negatively affect four (Drypetes gerrardii, Gymnosporia heterophylla, Pavetta gardeniifolia, Xymalos monospora), and more information is needed for three species (Olea capensis, Prunus africana, Rinorea convallarioides). Ireland. Ex Delile: A Comprehensive Review AlfredMaroyi The powder is boiled and taken orally as an infusion half a glass (150 ml) three times a day for three months, also applied topically. Olea. 41:36. Pl. Both exotic and indigenous forest trees species that provide goods and services such as firewood, fruits, timber, poles, fodder, environmental protection, amenities in individual SADC countries were identified in the country reports. Olea welwitschii is evergreen, and can grow up to 35 meters in height. Ironwood: Olea capensis The Ironwood (Olea capensis) is a medium tall to very tall tree, growing to between 15 and 35m.Its trunk is long, straight and cylindrical, with a grey, striated bark, sometimes found with corky spots. Timber Qualities: The sapwood has a streaked, off-white color while the heartwood is a distinct rich-brown to almost black color. Trunks are occasionally found with thick, corky rings of ‘crocodile skin’, while older trunks often show a black discolouration due to slime flow from a bark wound. SA No. The round, fleshy, purple fruit are edible and attract birds. 8 1753 . capensis and O. exasperata.. 586 - Zulumelkbessie / Zulu milkberry read more. It is used locally and commercially for timber. Genus. United Kingdom. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 355136 ) with original publication details: Sp. United Kingdom. Cite this page: Tropicos.org. Cultural survival Canada and Development Services Foundation of Tanzania. macrocarpa may grow slowly, if planted in the right place, the shade of these breathtakingly handsome trees will be enjoyed for many generations to come as these trees can reach a great age. Family: Oleaceae. The mechanical data and density readings shown above are an average between Olea europaea and O. capensis. Olea capensis in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. 1. The genus Olea (Oleaceae) includes approx. 1988. 618.2. Olea capensis subsp. South African National List of Trees No. macrocarpa Scroll down for more pictures and / or information. SA No. Trees of Village Forestry 1983. Tree of the year, (1988): Olea capensis. Habit: medium to tall tree. Choose a country to see content specific to your location. A revision of Olea L.. Kew Bull. It is usually one of the canopy trees of the … Olea capensis (synonyms are Olea undulata and O. laurifolia) is also called black ironwood. Gardens. The timber has a straight, fine grain with an even texture. macrocarpa (C.H.Wright) I.Verd. Olea europaea. It has simple, broad leaves. Introduction Olea capensis Knobl (Oleaceae) is commonly known as black iron wood, East African olive or loliondo.It is an indigenous tree of humid and dry mountainous forests characterized by a straight bole with average height between 10 - 20 m and may … Labat, J.-N. et al. Olea capensis (East African Olive) is a species of tree in the family Oleaceae. SA No. Olive. Everything you need to know about Small Ironwood (Olea capensis), including propagation, ideal conditions and common pests and problems. Olea capensis is cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens. macrocarpa. Common Name: Ironwood. As a contrast to the winemaking practices of the flagship Western Cape Chardonnay – which is a blend of several distinct sites from across the Western Cape – winemaker Graham Weerts focuses on the unique terroir of Stellenbosch for Silene. The genus name Olea is the classical Latin name for the olive tree. 6. Related plants. Ironwood (Olea Capensis) Distribution: Ironwood occurs from the Western Cape to Natal and the Transvaal. Lumber. They are evergreen trees and shrubs, with small, opposite, entire leaves.The fruit is a drupe.Leaves of Olea contain trichosclereids. It is a near relative of the African Olive. Plant Description: Olea capensis is a shrub with leathery, glossy leaves and compact heads of small, white, sweetly scented flowers start flowering when still young, making it an ideal container plant. This study assessed the impacts of logging on the population structure and dynamics of Elgon teak (Olea capensis ), a canopy dominant in Kakamega forest.The objective was to ascertain and determine the regeneration status of this tree species in view of its commercial value. 1999. Olivewood (Olea spp.) Three new species of Oleaceae and a note on the presence of Olea capensis in the Comoro Archipelago. The wood of the tree is very hard, fine grained, and heavy, and although difficult to work, it is widely used for art and artifacts. Olea capensis L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Olea (family Oleaceae ). References Ironwood – Olea capensis (Ysterhout) Ironwood occurs from the Western Cape to Natal and the Transvaal. 57:105-110. Missouri Botanical Garden. Although the splendid Olea capensis subs. capensis is not as hard as that of Olea capensis subsp. It is widespread in Africa south of the Sahara. United States. Olea spp. The species is named for botanist Friedrich Welwitsch. The Tree It is a medium to very large evergreen forest tree, usually about 10m tall, but can grow up to 35m. The intent of Capensis Silene Chardonnay is to highlight the nuances and profound flavor profile that can be found in the Stellenbosch winegrowing region. The Olea capensis subsp. Olive. The wood of Olea capensis subsp. 723.4 - Laeveldbittertee / Lowveld bittertea read more. 618 - Ysterhout / Ironwood read more. Uses of Forest Tree Species in some SADC countries. Dyer C, Esterhuyse CJ. (1909) is a tree tall up to about 20 m, even if specimens in the wild may reach the 40 m, with greyish, longitudinally fissured, bark. Olea capensis - Ironwood Tree - Cape Town 6.jpg 4,752 × 3,168; 6.52 MB Olea capensis capensis - Cape Town garden 2.jpg 1,217 × 1,571; 434 KB Olea capensis capensis tree in … Olea welwitschii is sometimes classified as a subspecies of Olea capensis. This may be due to their hard/heavy and durable wood that is … Olea capensis subsp. Kew Bull. The species name exasperata comes from the Latin word exasperatus, and means ‘to roughen’, referring to the roughened look of the stem and its branches.. This species has more elliptic leaves than Olea capensis subsp.capensis, has smaller fruit and grows in forest as opposed to coastal bush. Advice from a … Olea (/ ˈ oʊ l i ə / OH-lee-ə) is a genus of about 40 species in the family Oleaceae, native to warm temperate and tropical regions of the Middle East, southern Europe, Africa, southern Asia, and Australasia. ssp. Like us on Facebook. The seedlings grown individually were used as the control. is sometimes confused with Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia), though it bears little relation to true Olive and is in an entirely different family of trees. nilotica (Seem) stem bark and roots and Prunus africana (Hook.f. East African Olive is … Olea capensis has masses of sweetly-scented bisexual flowers, that produce large edible fruits. Olea capensis also makes a lovely specimen tree with ash grey bark and a lovely weeping shape when young. Uses Food. Prunus africana and Markhamia lutea seedlings grown in absence of competition invested more in mean height and leaves compared to the competing seedling while none competing Olea capensis seedlings invested more on mean height and mean diameter compared to the competing seedlings. Choose a country to see content specific to your location. macrocarpa and was rarely used. 1992. It is an African tree species belonging to the olive family . L. It is an African tree species belonging to the olive family . Although the splendid Olea capensis subs. Department of Environmental Affairs. 40 taxa of evergreen shrubs and trees classified in three subgenera, Olea, Paniculatae and Tetrapilus, the first of which has two sections (Olea and Ligustroides).Olive trees (the O. europaea complex) have been the subject of intensive research, whereas little is known about the phylogenetic relationships among the other species. South Africa. ... Other uses of Small Ironwood Other uses. Olea capensis. Hines DA, Eckman K. 1993. Wood was used to make railway sleepers, flooring blocks and bridge construction. macrocarpa may grow slowly, if planted in the right place, the shade of these breathtakingly handsome trees will be enjoyed for many generations to come as these trees can reach a great age. Boiled together with Harungana madagascariensis Lam.ex Poir stem bark, Olea capensis stem bark, Spathodea campanulata P. Beauv. 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