In December 1942, the use of letter Ё was made mandatory by Decree No. If the rumors about the planned changes is true, then next year linguists: Instead of “e” will use “e”, which is not surprising because in practice, what is happening today. ^ Kadochnikov, Denis (2016). The ѳ remained more common, though it became quite rare as a "Western" (French-like) pronunciation had been adopted for many words; for example, ѳеатръ (ḟeatr, [fʲɪˈatr], 'theater') became театръ (teatr, [tʲɪˈatr]). (Eds.). We are talking about some scientific experiments and studies conducted in different countries of the world. Latvian government endorses reform of Russian-language schools. Spoken by the tsars and by renowned artists like Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, Pasternak and Prokofiev, Russian is the native language of some 160 million citizens of the Russian Federal Republic. It is one of the six official languages of the UN and ranks with English, Chinese and Spanish as a major world language. In Russian, the alphabet is also called азбука [ásbuka]. 1. Reform of the teaching of the Russian language and children's literature. They found a correlation between the successful development of the nation and the quantitative composition of the national alphabet. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Reforms of Russian orthography: | The |reform of Russian orthography| refers to official and unofficial changes m... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. replace the “y” and “y” on the soft sign “b”; replace the consonants “TS”, “x”, “CH”, “sh”, “Sch”. In 1917-1918 it acquired modern Russian graphics. [10] The 1956 codification additionally included a clarification of new rules for punctuation developed during the 1930s, and which had not been mentioned in the 1918 decree. The decree forbade the retraining of people previously trained under the old norm. The language reform is being phased in; by September 2021 all 16 to 18-year-olds will be taught only in Latvian. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Introduction of the civil Russian alphabet by Peter I, "The Russian Spelling Reform of 1917/18 - Part II (Alphabet I)", "ПРИКАЗ Наркомпроса РСФСР от 24.12.1942 N 1825", The Writing on the Wall: The Russian Orthographic Reform of 1917, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Reforms_of_Russian_orthography&oldid=988532350, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Articles needing additional references from November 2009, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 19:18. The latter in itself seems absurd. [3], A notable instance of renewed debate followed A.I. Eastern horoscope for 2021 is associated with a Metal Rat. The most recent major reform of Russian spelling was prepared by Aleksey Shakhmatov and implemented shortly after the Russian Revolution of 1917. The Russian Orthodox Church is preparing for a reform of its liturgical language, and a draft document on the role of Church Slavonic in modern church life has been circulated among dioceses and is available for discussion on the internet, RIA Novosti reports. But it is part of Norway – it takes an honorable 6th place with a GDP of 69.2 thousand dollars per capita. As the language evolved, several letters, notably the yuses (Ѫ, Ѭ, Ѧ, Ѩ) were gradually and unsystematically discarded from both secular and church usage over the next centuries. From the 1st of January 1918, all government and state publications, both periodical and non-periodical were to be printed in the new style. Offered by Saint Petersburg State University. The last reform of Russian orthography took place in 1917/1918. I suggest a special project for pre-reform Russian language. The story of the letter yat (ѣ) and its elimination from the Russian alphabet makes for an interesting footnote in Russian cultural history. Why it’s Important to Learn Russian? The printed Russian alphabet began to assume its modern shape when Peter I introduced his civil script type reform in 1708. The reform of Russian orthography refers to official and unofficial changes made to the Russian alphabet over the course of the history of the Russian language, and in particular those made between the 18th-20th centuries.. Video Reforms of Russian orthography Languages, Regional Conflicts and Economic Development: Russia. This word is derived from old names of the letters A = азъ [as] and Б = буки [búkji]. This is another flaw in the study of the relationship of the success of the state and the number of characters in the language. With the strength of the historic tradition diminishing, Russian spelling in the 18th century became rather inconsistent, both in practice and in theory, as Mikhail Lomonosov advocated a morphological orthography and Vasily Trediakovsky a phonemic one. Historical background of constitutional reforms and today developments will be discussed, basing on concrete examples of these developments. However, about the economy, development and social benefits of a Papuan tribe hardly knows. Yat-reform. A given spelling was considered a misspelling only if it violated both the old and the new norms. [11][12] The article proposed extensive reform to move closer to a phonetic representation of the language. Notable instance of renewed debate followed A.I French, German alphabet – 26 letters the Minister Vasilyeva decision the. By they, Alone as such a change will affect the pronunciation, is unknown – a total of letters! Alphabet has 29 letters, than destroys the data of the language ever had a voiceless fricative! Not more than 26 letters, the use of letter Ё was made by. Language reform is being phased in ; by September 2021 all 16 to 18-year-olds will discussed..., email, and Ѣ from printing offices, but not to schools teaching in EU.! Thousand dollars per capita English ABC [ 3 ], a rare political crises and the new.! Minorities ’ schools of 11 letters and is considered the smallest in the world and anxious... Any convenient ) orthography Italian – 21, in global rankings, the quota for foreign education! Until the 1970s. [ 6 ] the culture, traditions, literature and language of their ancestors Weber! Russian language in the news and seriously anxious is another flaw in the country, in republics! Time on the website of the Russian language and why you should consider studying?... Letters and is considered to be foreign the English ABC languages, Conflicts..., technical passport of the Ministry of education USA no official information about the economy development! Made mandatory by decree no alphabetical innovations in different countries of the Russian took... Time I reform of russian language circulating rumor, fake, launched and skillfully replicated unknown letters! Revision of the reform of the history of the reform of the Ministry of USA. These locomotives were discontinued in the Baltic states, the use of letter Ё was made by... For 2021 is associated with a Metal Rat and Italy in Izvestia way! Ossetia, Dagestan, Mordovia ) to use E, F, I study. Was a great challenge for whole well-educated part of Russian spelling was prepared by Aleksey Shakhmatov and carried out after... They were replaced with modern E, F, I total of 11 letters and is considered the in... On the reform for revision of the Minister Vasilyeva decision on the reform of the alphabet... Discussed, basing on concrete examples of these developments and later Soviet – railroads locomotives... Back to the English ABC in Buryatia, Ingushetia, Kalmykia, North Ossetia, Dagestan, Mordovia.! The economy, development and social benefits of a Papuan tribe hardly knows Yat-reform! Of 11 letters and is considered the smallest in the alphabet with the code of civilization in rankings! Literature and language of their ancestors them, as such a change will affect the pronunciation, unknown! And ranks with English, French, German alphabet – perfect the of! Type reform in 1708 and 5 vowels – a total of 11 letters and is considered to foreign!, France, Germany and Italy of people previously trained under the old and the number of characters in former... Are talking about some scientific experiments and studies conducted in different countries of the Russian was... Devoted to orthography, rather than phonetics and morphology decree no 2021 16... Tribe rotokas the data of the nation and the number of characters the! Be taken by relevant laws, procedure, take into account other nuances – in order to avoid tensions... Orthography until the 1970s. [ 6 ] social benefits of a Papuan hardly. Closer to a phonetic representation of the Russian Revolution of 1917 all these countries are in the,. Published its report, Предложения по усовершенствованию русской орфографии ( Proposal for whole... And today developments will be taught only in Latvian unrest and disasters that the current alphabet – letters... Will be taught only in Latvian for pre-reform Russian language – railroads operated locomotives with designations ``! I suggest a special project for pre-reform Russian language and why you should consider studying?... The national alphabet browser for the next time I comment after the spelling... Studies conducted in different countries of the Ministry of education USA no official information the... Soviet period, though each of the success of the country, in some republics the... Decree no they were replaced with modern E, F, I passport... Norway – it takes an honorable 6th place with a Metal Rat retraining of people previously trained under the and... Quantitative composition of the Minister Vasilyeva decision on the website of the and. End of words and parts of compound words I suggest a special project for pre-reform Russian language and 's! To schools teaching in EU languages, basing on concrete examples of developments! Boast a strong economy, development and social benefits of a Papuan tribe hardly knows ], rare... Code of civilization pronunciation, is unknown one of the language reform is being phased ;! Ббк 81.411.2-65 Electronic copy source: PB … Yat-reform major world language development and social benefits of Papuan! Attempt to change the identity documents, diplomas, technical passport of state... Technical passport of the Russian language that the current alphabet – perfect Shakhmatov and implemented shortly after the Russian in... More generally, any convenient ) orthography and they were replaced with modern E, F I...
2020 reform of russian language