**This insect can be spread on firewood. Remember that only native and naturalized populations are mapped!" Damage: Feeding by the adelgid leads to needle loss, crown thinning and dieback and eventual mortality of trees. Davey uses cookies to make your experience a great one by providing us analytics so we can offer you the most relevant content. However, not all populations have been documented, so some gaps in the distribution shown above may not be real. Caterpillars are present from before the leaves emerge to mid June. Grows well on shallow rocky sites from the coast to the mountains. Includes botanical aspects, county distribution maps, habitat, pests, and disease information as well as commercial, native american and modern uses. L-shaped pupation chamber in the sapwood. Affected trees usually refoliate within the same season. Here in New England, the most common Christmas tree species are Pine, Fir and Spruce trees. Conservation; Conservation status: Critical/Endangered: Habitat loss: 4.2%: Protected: The New England-Acadian forests are a temperate broadleaf and mixed forest ecoregion in North America that includes a variety of habitats on the hills, mountains and plateaus of New England in the Northeastern United States and Quebec and the Maritime Provinces of Eastern Canada. It towers at 150 feet and lives as long as 450 years-sometimes longer. Trees To Please is a nursery, garden center and Christmas tree farm, growing and selling Maine native evergreens, flowering annuals, perennials, fall mums, shrubs and shade, ornamental and fruit trees. F,P M 60' Good specimen or windbreak; evergreen Black spruce Picea mariana. is dark brown and hairy, with parallel white markings running down the back. Cedar: Atlantic White, Eastern Red and Northern White Fir: Balsam Hemlock: Eastern Juniper: Common Larch: Tamarack Pine: Eastern White Jack (Gray); Pitch ; Red (Norway); Spruce: Black, Red and White (Cat) Maine's 52 Native Leaf Trees . Hosts: Red pine scale is known to infest red pine (Pinus resinosa), Japanese red pine (P. densiflora), Japanese black pine (P. thunbergii) and Chinese pine (P tabulaeformis). You can also look at the shape of the branches, which will be bushy, full, and upturned if it's a spruce. Hosts: Primarily hardwoods (Oaks, Maples, Ashes, Cherries, Apple, Blueberries). Since its discovery in the United States in 2002 emerald ash borer has killed millions of ash trees. Then, check the cones, which on spruce trees have smooth, thin scales and are easy to bend. A native non-stinging wasp, Cerceris fumipennis, is a efficient survey tool for detecting emerald ash borer. Hosts:Oaks; symptoms are more severe on species in the red oak group (oaks with pointed leaf tips). Spruce, genus of about 40 species of evergreen ornamental and timber trees in the family Pinaceae. TTY Users Call Maine Relay 711 Damage:  This beetle generally attacks unhealthy trees in its native environment. Contact. Description: Red pine scale is one of the Matsucoccus scales, a soft scale. Not shade-tolerant, will not grow as understory tree.Grows to 60-90’ and to 2 feet diameter. As the larvae grow the consume larger and larger chunks of the leaves, and can completely defoliate host trees. Maine made it theirs in 1945. Spruce trees grow in a similar shape to fir trees and they are difficult to identify by shape alone. If you pluck a needle and roll it between your fingers, you will notice it has four distinct sides. All are conifers, but vary greatly when it comes to color, scent, and kinds of needles. Signs and Symptoms: Feeding by the winter moth caterpillars begins before buds burst in the spring. native of Europe,Norway spruce is of great economic importance in its natural range.In Maine it is com- monly planted both in forest planta- tions and as an ornamental tree. (Photo guide to damage, PDF | 3.3 MB). Signs and Symptoms:  Crown decline. These include evergreen species like cedar, pine, fir and spruce; and deciduous species … Even though the majestic Norway spruce tree is native to Europe, it had a presence in states like New York, Iowa, and Maine for over a century. Winter web abundance can be a good barometer of summer suffering. Many spend a significant part of their lives attached to the host plant. Davey uses cookies to make your experience a great one by providing us analytics so we can offer you the most relevant content. If they’re are attached individually to branches, have 4 sides, and roll easily between your fingers, it’s a spruce. Impacts to understory beech can be severe, leading to tree death in 3 to 5 years. Human Aided Spread: Winter moths pupate in the ground and can be moved in soil from late May through December. Online Form New York City area in New York and adjacent areas in New Jersey. Damage:  Larval feeding under the bark girdles and kills ash trees. Damage to oak trees via pruning or otherwise during the growing season should be strictly avoided in areas where the oak wilt pathogen is present. Report Suspected Findings in Maine to: Online Form (207) 287-2431 . Severe defoliation over several years can cause tree mortality, as has been the case in Massachusetts in recent years. Damage: Although browntail moth is a forest pest, and can cause mortality of host trees, the biggest impacts are on human health and economics. Native to the Black Hills of South Dakota, it is commonly used for a holiday tree in the mid-west. Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry Adult females (photo left) have vestigial wings, but cannot fly, they are most easily found by investigating the focus of male moth activity (other than your lights). Signs and Symptoms: Mottled, yellowing needles, thinning foliage. The disease persists for long periods of time in white oak group oak trees (rounded leaf tips) causing noticeable but less-severe symptoms and an overall slower tree decline. Includes botanical aspects, county distribution maps, habitat, pestsand disease information, as well as commercial, native american and modern uses. There may even be one in your own yard! Piercing-Sucking Insects: These insects feed on fluids of the host plant. Spring 2020 Inventory: White Pine, 4 to 8’ White spruce, 4 to 7’ Balsam fir, 4 to 6’ Fraser Fir, 4 to 6’ Reddish-brown antennae ½ length of body. Great economic importance in the state with wood used primarily for pulp. Description: The disease causes wilting symptoms leading to mortality and is vectored (spread) by sap-feeding beetles that are attracted to wound areas and oak twig-boring beetles. The waxy coating on its needles gives them a blue-green (glaucous) appearance, hence the specific epithet (glauca). Most recognizable stages of the insect are covered in white, waxy, wool like material. Growing straight and tall they were prized for timber. In many cases, these pests are being accidentally spread to new locations by homeowners and recreationists moving firewood from one location to another. 22 State House Station Branch dieback, as in hemlock woolly adelgid starts in the bottom branches of the crown. As the disease progresses, buds are aborted in greater numbers leading to reduced canopy and tree death. Beech is a common tree species in Maine with high ecological importance, already compromised by the beech bark disease complex. Biosurveillance: Biosurveillance uses one living organism to monitor for another. Under Executive Order 13112, a species is considered invasive if it is not native to the ecosystem in question and its introduction causes or is likely to cause economic or environmental harm or harm to human health. Oval to round holes in bark, resin streams down the stem. Look out for these common Norway spruce tree problems: Sign Up for Free Tree & Landscaping Tips! Tree Service Experts Since 1880. And spruce bark is scaly--Douglas-fir and the true firs have smooth or ridged bark. Nearest Known Occurrences: BLD has not been detected in Maine. Damage: Defoliation leads to loss of capacity to produce energy. Reddish yellow legs with black feet. Description: The causal agent of sudden oak death is a fungus-like micro-organism called Phytophthora ramorum. There are approximately 40 different species of spruce in the world, but only 3 are native to the Pacific Northwest--and only 2 of those are common. Invasive Threats to Maine's Forests and Trees. Hosts: Hardwoods (oak, shadbush, apple, cherry, beach plum, and rugosa rose). We have traditionally grown conifers, but have recently experimented with a limited number of hardwoods. It has spread fairly rapidly through the eastern half of Massachusetts and into Rhode Island and Connecticut. Decline may be more rapid in the presence of elongate hemlock scale (described below). Amylostereum areolatum, the symbiotic fungus of Sirex noctilio, has been detected from southern Ontario, Canada. It is found throughout southern New England, New York, New Jersey and eastern Pennsylvania. It has more upright branching than balsam, does … There are haunted hotels, museums full of artifacts, and tons of stories that are passed down from generation to … Maine has 66 native tree species growing from Kittery to Fort Kent. We have included the various common names associated with each scientific name to help you find the right tree. Crown browning will also occur. Image: Jim Chatfield, OSU. While mature beech trees are less often affected, they can be significantly stressed by BLD, and in some cases killed. Signs and Symptoms: Oval to round wounds on the bark where the females have chewed out a site to deposit their eggs. Hosts:  Pines (usually), Fir and Spruce (occasionally), Larch (rarely). White wool-covered insects (as described above). Exposure to irritating hairs can cause a wide range of symptoms, from mild to very severe. There may even be one in your own yard! (For images and more detailed descriptions, see DACF, Maine Bug Watch’s Damage Page), Damage: Tunneling by larvae girdles tree stems and branches. Damage: This disease has caused extensive mortality of understory beech trees wherever it has become established. Nearest Known Occurrences: ** Hemlock woolly adelgid is known to be established in southern coastal Maine east to Knox County. All Rights Reserved. Where in Maine might I expect defoliation by winter moth? Please leave your firewood at home.**. Some view it as the best christmas tree, but it's hard to beat balsam for that purpose. Caterpillars can be accidentally spread on and in cars, boats and other conveyances. Signs and Symptoms: The white waxy cotton ball-like covering of this adelgid is the most obvious sign of this insect. Hosts: Hardwood trees, especially maples. Nearest Known Occurrences: Tree damage and mortality by the causal fungus, Ceratocystis fagacearum, has been confirmed in three location on Long Island, New York, one location in eastern and one in western New York State. Defoliation by this pest was first noted in May 2012. This is the first known occurrence in Maine. Massachusetts Introduced Pest Outreach Project Winter Moth FAQ, Oak Wilt Disease Information Sheet (PDF | 727 KB), US Forest Service information on oak wilt, Towards Early Detection of Oak Wilt in Maine_Lessons Learned from Oak Wilt Training in Minnesota and Wisconsin 2019 (PDF | 4.02 MB), Oak wilt information and videos from the State of New York, Invasivespecies.gov: Gateway to invasive species information. By continuing to use this site, you accept our use of cookies. To identify spruce trees, first look at the needles. Welcome to the Maine A-Z native species list. Description: A microscopic roundworm (the nematode, Litylenchus crenatae) has been consistently associated with symptoms, but the role of the nematode and other microorganisms in the proposed disease complex is not fully understood. Fraser is also similar to balsam and is a great specimen tree. Nearest Known Occurrences: The Asian longhorned beetle has been detected in Worcester and Boston Massachusetts (More Information). Damage: This disease has caused mortality of oaks in the Midwestern United States for decades and is a threat to oaks in natural and residential areas. The two featured here do their damage as larvae. For more information about BLD, see the following: https://www.dec.ny.gov/lands/120589.html. Maine Tree Growers is a small company that grows and sells balled and burlapped trees for the landscaping market in Maine. ... Wayne Adams of Adams Family Tree Farm in Kennebunkport, Maine recommends cutting a tree yourself for optimal results and keeping the trunk watered at all times. After the overwintering larvae hatch in the summer, they will skeletonize leaves, and tie them with silk to the host branches. Flattened, meandering larval feeding tunnels under the bark. Adult males (photo right) are delicate tan moths, part of the "hunters moth" group (seen in late fall and early winter). List of fir trees native to Maine. The disease was first recorded in Ohio in 2012 and has since been found from Ontario Canada, east to southern New England. F,P M 40' Tolerates wet sites; evergreen Jack pine Pinus banksiana. List of pine trees native to Maine. When the disease is spread through the roots, the entire tree will die rapidly. During this period, the adelgid is least likely to be in egg and crawler forms. People ate the chestnuts, too, scooping them up by the sackful every Fall. Hosts: All beech trees are susceptible to BLD, including European and Asian species (this includes beech cultivars available in the nursery trade). Norway spruce identification comes down to a few key characteristics, like the tree’s shape and needle color. Antennae are at least the length of the body and banded with black and white (how to tell Asian longhorned beetle from whitespotted sawyer). Nearest Known Occurrences: Maine; Edmundston, NB; New Hampshire, Northeastern Massachusetts (Where else is EAB?). At Over 300 Years Old, Some Of The Oldest Trees Are Found In Maine. Also included in the Pine family, Pinaceae, are the genera Larix (Larch), Picea (Spruce), Pinus (Pine), and Tsuga (Hemlock). Grows 6-12” per year, maturing at 20-40’ in 40-80 years. When the immature insect is settled on the tree it resembles a smooth, waxy pod, lacking antennae and legs, but adorned with sparse tufts of wool. Diseases: The disease featured here had devastating effects in parts of the Western United States and has a broad host range. Map and directions. The perfect pyramid shape of spruce trees is one reason why these are popular Christmas trees. Norway spruce trees have tiny, pink flowers clustered on their branches. Spruce pulp is important in the paper industry, and several species are cultivated for their attractive forms. Once oak wilt is established in a stand of trees it spreads below ground through tree root grafts (junctions where adjacent trees join their root systems). 18 Elkins Lane View ourÂ, Fast Growing Trees That Deer Likely Won’t Damage, 10 Types of Common Live Christmas Trees and Their Advantages, Blue Spruce Tree Needles Turning Yellow, Brown, Then Dropping? The disease causing organism, Phytophthora ramorum, was found on one potted lilac plant in Maine, but it is not believed to be established in Maine. It is native to the North Carolina mountains, but does well in Maine. Laboratory tests are necessary to confirm this species as the cause of disease. Larvae overwinter, so feeding begins early in the spring, damage is visible as the leaves unfurl. Size ranges from 0.1mm to 2mm. Both beetles carry spores from infected to healthy trees. Winter webs on the outside edges of host crowns are conspicuous, tightly woven clusters of skeletonized leaves silk and sometimes fruit, filled with tiny larvae and frass. Description: Glossy black (think patent leather), very smooth beetle with white spots on the wings. More Locations, Phone: (207) 287-3200 By continuing to use this site, you accept our use of cookies. Description: Metallic green beetle with wings and body tapered towards the rear. We are more than happy to help. It is very symmetrical and graceful in its growth habit; open-grown trees often carry branches clear to … Larger trees take longer to succumb to BLD. Secondary coniferous hosts only usually infested in the presence of heavy scale populations on primary hosts. Where to look: Planted hemlock, spruce and fir. Signs and Symptoms: Off-colored needles progressing from olive-green, to yellow, to red—first on individual branches, then whole trees. Of all the native conifers calling eastern North America home, this tree is the tallest. The females create wispy, woolly ovisacs. As the disease progresses in the tree, wilting and branch mortality expands with trees dying in the same year or the next year (depending on the specific situation). Description: Large larvae, about 1 1/2 inches long, are dark brown and have a broken white stripe on each side of the body and conspicuous, unpaired, reddish spots on the posterior end of the back. Resin beads and flows sometimes found at egg laying sites (not found with our native pine borers). Alert: Stay up to date on Maine's COVID-19 Response, DACF Home → Augusta, ME 04333 We have listed them by scientific name because it is a constant and does not vary region to region or person to person. Nearest Known Occurrences: To date EHS has been found on planted hemlocks in southern Maine and in the forest in Kittery Point, ME. Later in the season trees can be completely stripped of foliage. Signs and Symptoms: BLD symptoms include dark-green striped bands between lateral leaf veins, reduced leaf size, leaf curling and premature leaf drop. Foliar hosts may serve as a reservoir for disease inoculum. Norway spruce needles are dark green, shiny, sharp, and spiral around the twig. A Norway spruce tree’s bark is grayish-brown with flaky scales. In Nova Scotia it has been found to attack and kill healthy trees. Norway spruce identification comes down to a few key characteristics, like the tree’s shape and needle color. The Pine Tree State sits in the far northeastern corner of the United States, along the Canadian border. This is because the insect vectors of the fungus spread the disease from infected trees pruning wounds on otherwise healthy trees. Nearest Known Occurrences: Browntail moth is known to be established in Southern and Coastal Maine and Cape Cod Massachusetts. Still not sure what type of tree you have? DACF@Maine.gov, Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry, Forest Insect & Disease Conditions Reports, What's ailing my tree/shrub/forest report form, Firewood blamed for spread of Asian longhorned beetle in Ohio, How to Create a Trap Tree to Monitor for Emerald Ash Borer, Emerald Ash Borer Information Network (Information from Across the US and Canada), Asian longhorned beetle from whitespotted sawyer, Images of Asian longhorned beetle damage in trees (Bugwood.org), The Nature Conservancy Video: Worcester, MA landscapes before and after tree removal (Quicktime | 812 KB, new window will open), University of Vermont Entomology Lab Site, Maine Forest Service Winter Moth Fact Sheet. Signs and Symptoms: Feeding by the browntail moth will vary with the season. White spruce hails from northern climes and is one of the first tree species to colonize after glaciers recede. Signs and Symptoms:  Symptoms and signs include D-shaped adult exit holes, bark splitting, serpentine frass-filled (sawdust-like waste) feeding galleries, wood pecker feeding, crown dieback, and epicormic shoots (whips growing off the trunk and branches). Additionally, it has been repeatedly found in ornamental hemlocks, both planted less than 20 years ago and and more well established, in coastal Hancock County. Eastern White Pine is the state tree of several states. White Spruce, Cat Spruce Evergreen Maine native tree. It occurs in the northeastern United States, and Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan; from the northern range of North America to Alaska, Yukon, and British Columbia eastward to Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, New Brunswick, and Quebec and extending north all the way to the very limit of tree growth. Nearest Known Occurrences: Canker damage occurs in California and Oregon. ©2020 The Davey Tree Expert Company. Planted and natural hemlock in areas affected by hemlock woolly adelgid. Description:  Flattened brown beetle, very similar to native long-horned beetles. In "bark canker" hosts, such as oaks, large cankers can be found on the trunk or main stem. The sub-adult males spin capsule-shaped, loosely woven cocoons which can be found on the branches of affected trees. Hosts: Hemlock, spruce, fir = primary hosts. Damage: needle, branch and whole tree mortality. Nearest Known Occurrences: Red pine scale was detected in Mount Desert, Hancock County, Maine in September 2014. In the United States, the range of white spruce extends into Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, New York, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Alaska (Sargent 1922, Harlow and Harrar 1950), where it reaches the Bering Strait in 66°44′ N" at Norton Bay and the Gulf … Well-named, the state tree representing Maine is the Eastern White Pine. In "foliar hosts", leaf blight (gray to brown lesions) and twig dieback may be found. Is it EAB? Contact your local arborists! (Images of Asian longhorned beetle damage in trees (Bugwood.org)), Hosts: Spruce (usually), Fir, Pine, Larch (secondary), Hardwoods (rare). (207) 287-2431. Our native trees and forests are being threatened by invasive insects and diseases that live in dead and dying wood. Expanding Leaves wind up looking a bit like swiss cheese with early feeding damage. Norway Spruce (Picea abies) Grove of mature trees, southeast corner Alumni Hall, Moosehead Road. The cones have scales, and they’re about 4-6 inches long, which is the largest cone size among spruce trees in the US. Oak wilt has not been detected in Maine. Wildlife depended on the nuts they provided every year. Wool masses are located on the undersides of the twigs at the bases of the needles (not on the needle, but on the twig). 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2020 spruce trees native to maine