Properties of Yttrium Oxide Ceramics. SDS; Yttrium(III) oxide, dispersion. Yttrium is a highly crystalline iron-gray, rare-earth metal. Yttrium oxide is used in ceramics and glass. Properties. Finely divided yttrium is very unstable in air. Y-MITE powders and dispersions are inorganic yttrium-oxide nanoparticles. When yttrium is finely divided it is very unstable in air. 4. It is clarified that the coatings have high hardness, low porosity, high erosion resistance against CF 4 -containing plasma and retention of smooth eroded surface. Yttrium oxide (Y 2 O 3 ) coatings have been prepared by axial suspension plasma spraying with fine powders. Chemical Data; Chemical symbol: Y 2 O 3: CAS No: 1314-36-9: Group: Yttrium 3 Oxygen 16: Electronic configuration: Yttrium Kr 4d 1 5s 2 Oxygen 1s 2 2s 2 2p 4: Chemical Composition; Element Content (%) Yttrium: 78.7: Oxygen: 21.1: Physical Properties. The assignment of a registration number does however not guarantee that the information in the dossier is correct or that … Yttrium oxide has a high melting point and adds strength to glass. Yttrium oxide is a vital starting point in inorganic synthesis of compounds. CAS Number: 68585-82-0. Yttrium oxide, europium doped. It is … It reacts with water and mineral acids. It has a very low thermal conductivity among oxide-based engineering ceramics. Yttrium Oxide Nanoparticles / Nanopowder Y2O3 bulk & research qty manufacturer. 3. Solubility. Small quantities of yttrium may be added to reduce the grain size in chromium, molybdenum, zirconium, and titanium, and to increase the strength of aluminum and magnesium alloys. It is clarified that the coatings have high hardness, low porosity, high erosion resistance against CF 4 -containing plasma and retention of smooth eroded surface. Yttrium iron garnets which are derived from yttrium oxide are used as powerful microwave filters. All rare chemicals have comparable properties. Formula. Yttrium Oxide (Yttria) is a highly insoluble thermally stable Yttrium source suitable for glass, optic and ceramic applications. The yellow-brown ore xenotime can contain as much as 50% yttrium phophate (YPO4) and is mined in Malaysia. Summary: This gene encodes a member of the galactose-3-O-sulfotransferase protein family. Datasheet download. Yttrium is dumped in the environment in many different places, mainly by petrol-producing industries. In the 18th century, one scientist named Carl Gustaf further went on examining the mineral and uncovered three oxides. x thickness 2.00 in. Specifications of Yttrium Oxide Powder. Finally, it can be a threat to the liver when it accumulates in the human body. 2. In its industrial application as a pure ceramic, yttrium oxide is still a relatively new material. Yttrium never occurs in nature as a free element. This is a very hard ceramic used as a strong base material in some full ceramic restorations. Yttrium aluminum garnets, with a hardness of 8.5, are used to simulate diamond gemstones. Antioxidant properties for yttrium oxide samples Y1-Y12 were tested. Yttrium oxide is added to the glass used to make camera lenses to make them heat and shock resistant. Uses advised against Food, drug, pesticide or biocidal product use. Deformation and cracking behavior of La2O3-doped oxide glasses with high Poisson's ratio. Chemical Properties. The property of red light emission is used in making fluorescent l… Yttrium oxide, also known as yttria, is Y2O3. Solid yttrium metal does not react with oxygenin the air. Phone: +971 4 429 5853 e-mail: info@lenntech.com, Copyright © 1998-2020 Lenntech B.V. All rights reserved, Plant Inspection & Process Optimalisation, Separation and Concentration Purification Request. Shavings or turnings of the metal can ignite in air when they exceed 400 °C. 1 Product Result | Match Criteria: Product Name, Description Empirical Formula (Hill Notation): Y 1.92 Eu 0.08 O 3. Yttrium (Y), chemical element, a rare-earth metal of Group 3 of the periodic table. : AC194610000; AC194610100; AC194610500; AC194612500 CAS-No 1314-36-9 Synonyms Yttrium Oxide 4N; Yttrium (III) Oxide; Yttrium Oxide 3N Recommended Use Laboratory chemicals. In finely divided form, however, it is highly unstable in air. In order to promote oxygen vacancies, P-123 poloxamer was incorporated. Formula Weight. Yttrium also finds use in fuel cells for powering cars and buses, computers and digital phones and, potentially, buildings. It is stable in air, because it is proteced by the formation of a stable oxide film on its surface, but oxidizes readily when heated. Element Classification: Transition Metal. It never found as a free element in the Earth’s crust but often found in combination with lanthanide. Molecular Weight: 230.85. Yttrium and aluminum garnets , with a hardness of 8.5, are used to simulate similar diamond gemstones. Yttrium is one of the rare chemicals, that can be found in houses in equipment such as colour televisions, fluorescent lamps, energy-saving lamps and glasses. Yttrium oxysulfide used to be widely used to produce red phosphors for old-style colour television tubes. Yttrium oxide (Y 2 O 3 ) coatings have been prepared by axial suspension plasma spraying with fine powders. This superconductor is notable because the operating superconductivity temperature is above liquid nitrogen's boiling point (77.1 K). It is resistant to many reactive molten metals such as titanium or uranium. It is found in almost all rare earth minerals and in uranium ores. Although metals are generally very good at conducting heat, there is an alloy of yttrium with chromium and aluminium which is heat resistant. The use of yttrium is still growing, due to the fact that it is suited to produce catalysers and to polish glass. Shavings or turnings of the metal can ignite in … A small amount of yttrium oxide is added to zirconium oxide to make what is known as yttria-stabilized zirconia (also called YSZ). June 2006; Journal of the American Ceramic Society 40(8):274 - 278; DOI: 10.1111/j.1151-2916.1957.tb12619.x. oxide (alumina, Al 2O 3) and yttrium oxide (yttria, Y 2O 3) have been utilized presently due to its high durability against the halogen contained plasma [2, 3]. Yttrium powder may react explosively with oxygen at high temperatures. History and Discovery. Yttrium Oxide Y 2 O 3 for Optical Coating Overview. The gases, particularly oxygen, should be available at or above ambient proportion (of about 20%) to ensure that the rare earth oxide (such as yttrium oxide) re-absorbs oxygen to reduce or eliminate oxygen vacancies in the final rare earth oxide coating in order to achieve a target crystallite structure and target dielectric properties. Gadolin extracted the yttrium from the sample, and hence the scientists went on naming this mineral yttrium after the name of the town. Yttrium oxide is suitable to making superconductors, which are metal oxides which conduct electricity without any loss of energy. Synthesized systems were heat-treated at temperatures from 700 °C to 900 °C. The influences of yttrium oxide content and sintering temperature on properties of ceramic cores were studied carefully. Given below are some of the chief applications of yttrium oxide nanoparticles. Oxide compounds are not conductive to electricity. Crystal and micro structures of plasma sprayed yttrium oxide coatings by axial injection of fine powder slurries J. Kitamura, H. Mizuno, K. Sato, Gifu / Japan, Z. Tang, A. Burgess, BC/ Canada Yttrium oxide (Y 2O 3) coatings have been prepared with high power axial injection plasma spraying using fine powder slurries. in air as indicated by petrographic, X‐ray, and differential thermal analyses. Yttrium is mostly dangerous in the working environment, due to the fact that damps and gasses can be inhaled with air. Yttrium also finds use in fuel cells for powering cars and buses, computers and digital phones and, potentially, buildings. Yttrium oxide is used to stabilize the Zirconia in late-generation porcelain-free metal-free dental ceramics. Before the era of flat-screen televisions, TV sets contained large cathode ray tubes, which were large glass tubes that projected images on the screen. The mean specific heat of Y 2 O 3 to 1600°C. Sources of Yttrium: Found in xenotime, bastnasite, fergusonite and samarskite ores. Yttrium is found in the rare-earth mineral monazite, of which it makes 2.5%, and in smaller quantities in other minerals such as barnasite, fergusonite and smarskite. SDS; Yttrium(III) oxide, dispersion. x 0.25 in., 99.99% trace metals basis 3 Chemical and Physical Properties 3.1 Computed Properties Uses. Authors: C. E. CURTIS. Yttrium oxide in glass makes it heat- and shock-resistant, and is used for camera lenses. How does yttria compare to other oxide-based engineering ceramics? The rare earth metal oxide is one of the most stable compound. Properties of Yttrium It is a soft silvery metal with less electronegativity. per gm. Yttrium oxide, europium doped. The metal readily reacts with diluted In particular, spraying technique seems to be better for Y 2O 3 because of its high brittleness and high cost. OSTI.GOV Journal Article: Compressive properties of yttrium oxide. Properties of Yttrium Oxide Powder Appearance: White solid / powder Density: 5.010 g/cm3, solid Melting point: 2,425 °C Boiling point: 4,300 °C Purity: 99% - 99,9999%. Y2O3 is the most thermodynamically stable compound in the oxide group. Yttrium oxide is a compound with exceptional chemical and physical properties. CAS Number: 68585-82-0. Yttrium has a silver-metallic luster and is relatively stable in air. Other ceramics do not exhibit these characteristics. Most studies have focused on the interactions of yttrium oxides with the matrix under high-resolution microscopy observations [1–12]. Yttrium is fairly stable in air, because it is proteced by the formation by the formation of a stable oxide film on its surface, but oxidizes readily when heated. It is also used to make superconductors. 5.01. The output of yttrium is about 600 tonnes per year, measured as yttrium oxide, and world reserves are estimated to be around 9 million tonnes. Ambient temperatures. Yttriium (III) oxide is used to make phosphors for color TV tubes, yttrium iron garnets for use as microwave filters, high temperature superconductors, as a mineralizing agent for the formation of spinel and as a stabilizer for high-temperature service materials. Properties: Yttrium has a metallic silver luster. Graphic for sample Y12 that showed the best antioxidant behavior of all synthesized compounds is presented in figure 8. Yttrium(III) oxide, REacton®, 99.99% (REO) MDL. Raw materials used were yttrium nitrate and yttrium chloride, in methanol. Yttrium (III) oxide, dispersion, nanoparticles, <100 nm particle size (BET), 5 wt. Yttrium oxide, doped with the element europium, provided the red color on millions of color-television sets.Yttrium oxide (yttria) is added to zirconium oxide (zirconia) to make an alloy that stabilizes the crystal structure of zirconia, which ordinarily changes with temperature. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on. Current page last modified on 2020-05-30. It also forms water insoluble fluoride, hydroxide and oxalate. It can also enter the environment when household equipment is thrown away. Information on Registered Substances comes from registration dossiers which have been assigned a registration number. Y-MITE-A products are uncoated and hydrophilic. The mine had been developed in the early 18th century as a result of the mineral requirements of the local pottery industry. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare yttria to other oxide-based engineering ceramics (top) and the entire database (bottom). was observed on heating the oxide to 1800°C. Yttrium is usually found only in two different kinds of ores. A small amount of yttrium oxide is added to zirconium oxide to make what is known as yttria-stabilized zirconia (also called YSZ). trium oxide particles severely affect the properties of ODS steels. Details of the supplier of the safety data sheet Emergency Telephone Number For information US call: 001-800 … This can cause lung embolisms, especially during long-term exposure. It can be observed that DPPH• diminishing begins at 5 min and it is evident after 60 min. In addition, it has a fairly low heat capacity and a fairly high density. Distributieweg 3 2645 EG Delfgauw The Netherlands Phone: +31 152 610 900 fax: +31 152 616 289 e-mail: info@lenntech.com, 5975 Sunset Drive South Miami, FL 33143 USA Phone: +1 877 453 8095 e-mail: info@lenntech.com, Level 5 - OFFICE #8-One JLT Tower Jumeirah Lake Towers Dubai - U.A.E. He reported that the miner… In addition, it has a fairly low heat capacity and a fairly high density. A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. It can ignite in the air at temperature higher than 400oC. Inquiry . Sodium hydroxide ("household lye") and limewater are common alkalis. The largest use of the element is as its oxide yttria, Y2O3, which is used in making red phosphors for color television picture tubes. Molecular Weight: 230.85. Yttria is an oxide-based engineering ceramic. EINECS. The atomic layer deposition (ALD) of yttrium oxide (Y2O3) is investigated using the liquid precursor Y(EtCp)2(iPr-amd) as the yttrium source with thermal (H2O) and plasma-enhanced (H2O plasma and O2 plasma) processes, respectively. O 3 Y 2. RE2O3-alkaline earth-aluminosilicate fiber glasses: Melt properties, crystallization, and the network structures. (editors), 2015. Nevertheless, there are almost no data available on the distribution of yttrium oxides, especially under low magnification. The chemical properties of yttrium oxide are given in the table below. How does it compare to other ceramic materials. Term contracts & credit cards/PayPal accepted. Antioxidant properties for yttrium oxide samples Y1-Y12 were tested. Y2O3 is the most thermodynamically stable compound in the oxide group. Melting point. Biological role. Product Name Yttrium(III) oxide Cat No. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2018.04.058. A change in lattice parameter of less than ±0.007 a.u. That has the unusual property of conducting oxide ions, making it very useful in these fuel cells. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare yttria to other oxide-based engineering ceramics (top) and the entire database (bottom). Yttrium oxide and iron oxide combine to form a crystal garnet used in radars. Yttrium is fairly stable in air, because it is proteced by the formation by the formation of a stable oxide film on its surface, but oxidizes readily when heated. But its bromide, chloride iodide are all soluble in … These oxides are erbia, terbia, and yttria commonly known as today yttrium oxide, terbium oxide, and erbium oxide today. Yttria is an oxide-based engineering ceramic. Yttrium is a highly crystalline iron-gray, silver-metallic luster, rare-earth metal. It is an air-stable, white solid substance. Yttrium and iron garnets are used to filter microwave waves and the transmission and transduction of acoustic energy. Yttrium turnings will ignite in air if their temperature exceeds 400°C. It reacts with water decomposing it to release hydrogen gas, and it reacts with mineral acids. Annual world wide production is around 400 tons. Yttrium is a silvery white, moderately soft, ductile metal. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare yttria to other oxide-based engineering ceramics (top) and the entire database (bottom). Particles are available in the size range of 10-200 nm. Properties, SDS, Applications, Price. 756490 ; 99% trace metals basis; Sigma-Aldrich pricing. % in H2O, >=99.9% trace metals basis Yttrium (III) oxide, sputtering target, diam. It has a very low thermal conductivity among oxide-based engineering ceramics. Based on the above data, yttrium oxide does not require a classification regarding its explosive properties, neither under DSD, nor under CLP or UN GHS. It is known An alkali is the chemical opposite of an acid. Yttria (Yttrium Oxide, Y 2 O 3) Yttria is an oxide-based engineering ceramic. "Yttria (Yttrium Oxide, Y2O3)", www.makeitfrom.com/material-properties/Yttria-Yttrium-Oxide-Y2O3, retrieved 2020-12-06. Turnings of the metal, however, ignite in air if their temperature exceeds 400°C. Results indicated that a higher sintering temperature benefited the preparation of ceramic cores with excellent properties. However, it reacts very rapidly when in its powdered form. 1 Product Result | Match Criteria: Product Name, Description Empirical Formula (Hill Notation): Y 1.92 Eu 0.08 O 3. Yttrium oxide, Y 2 O 3, is a medium-index, low-absorption material usable for coatings in the near-UV (300 nm) to IR (12 µm) regions.Hard, dense layers are deposited by electron-beam evaporation or sputtering. Yttrium oxide is one of the most important compounds of yttrium and accounts for the largest use. Arrhenius called the black mineral ytterbite after Ytterby. In its industrial application as a pure ceramic, yttrium oxide is still a relatively new material. in air as indicated by petrographic, X‐ray, and differential thermal analyses. In addition, it has a fairly low heat capacity and a fairly high density. Hence, it is used in applications in several industries. Yttrium oxide because of its properties may also be used as a laminated insulator. Yttrium oxide is suitable to making superconductors, which are metal oxides which conduct electricity without any loss of energy. It is relatively stable in the air except when finely divided. Yttrium can rarely be found in nature, as it occurs in very small amounts. Recent systematic studies by Kitamura et al. Yttrium oxide (Y 2 O 3) nanocrystallites were synthesized by mean of a sol-gel method using two different precursors. It is a very rare metal. Yttrium Physical Data . It reacts with water decomposing it to release hydrogen gas, and it reacts with mineral acids. Of ODS steels important compounds of yttrium: found in nature as a free in. Strength to glass a very low thermal conductivity among oxide-based engineering ceramics release hydrogen gas, and strength! These fuel cells for powering cars and buses, computers and digital phones,! Yttrium can also cause cancer with humans, as it occurs in very amounts... And soil particles of its high brittleness and high cost particle size ( BET ), 5 wt used a. A soft silvery metal with less electronegativity much as 50 % of the highest value in human. 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2020 yttrium oxide properties