For this reason, the dark blue represents the sky, id… Unlike many of its neighbors, however, the Ticos managed to do it without bloodshed or revolution. Although the Costa Rican economy is not as powerful as that of the USA or the European nations, it certainly punches above its weight and was lucky enough to recover quickly from the global financial crisis. Find out about some of the amazing history in Costa Rica. As the landowners were quite poor and isolated from the Spanish Colonial centers of Mexico, Guatemala, and the Andes, and because there were very few indigenous labor forces to help, the first Costa Rican settlers soon turned into an autonomous and individual agrarian society. While Costa Rica is a part of the Central American region and shares a lot of its culture and customs due to geographical proximity and shared history, there are points of differentiation that … The few remaining members of these tribes are trying to hold on to their customs and old way of life, although this is getting harder to maintain, and live in small villages in remote regions of the country. Costa Rica is home to more than 5% of the world’s biodiversity. This makes it unique. Early History In 1502 when Christopher Columbus landed in Puerto Limon, less than 20 indigenous tribes occupied the lands which are now Costa Rica. Thanks to its progressive environmental policies and government-sponsored reforestation programs, Costa Rica is also labeled 5th Greenest Country according to the Environmental Performance Index (EPI). Costa Rica already existed. Costa Rica already existed. These 10 fun facts about Costa Rica should pique your interest in our amazing country and if you want to learn more, definitely come visit us! The result was a tiny economy with most inhabitants practicing small-scale farming and trade in agricultural products. In the mid 16th century the Spanish gradually conquered Costa Rica. This act alone turned the young Juan Santamaria into a national hero who is still celebrated annually and even remembered through the name of Alajuela‘s airport: San Juan Santamaria International Airport. The surrounding countries had made huge fortunes by focusing on cash crops such as sugar or tobacco, and after indep… While this fact is certainly a blessing, it does not mean that it was a simple process. 1539, the first time in recorded history that the term Costa Rica, or Rich Coast, was used to describe the territory between Panama and Nicaragua. Thanks to its beautiful landscapes, pristine beaches, myriad adventure activities and proximity to the U.S., the country draws more than two million tourists each year. With no standing army, the Costa Rican government has poured those funds into both public education and preserving the natural heritage. Later in 1948, Jose Figueres started a civil war in which 2000 people died; the war only lasted 44 days and was the bloodiest event ever to take place in Costa Rica. In 1502, Christopher Columbus arrived at Limon being lost. Former Costa Rican president, Jose Figueres Ferrer, abolished the Costa Rican national military in 1948 after a grueling civil war. After 1869, Costa Rica established a democratic government. Its population was small and it was far less important than the other Spanish colonies. Costa Rica’s indigenous history is not as prominent as it is in other Latin American cultures or even others just in Central America. Call it Literacy or the love for education. Costa Rica is big on biodiversity and environmental … For example, the Diquís Delta stone spheres are one of Central America’s most quixotic and strange archaeological findings. Since Costa Rica is located so close to the equator, the sun rises and sets at roughly the same time throughout the year. In 1856, Costa Rica resisted United States settlers from mounting a take-over of the government. Christopher Columbus was the first European recorded to have landed on Costa Rica’s shores on September 8, 1502. Costa Rican culture is a vibrant blend of indigenous heritage and Spanish colonial influence, with a dash of Jamaican, Chinese, and other immigrant cultures lending character and customs. This article provides you with the current time in Costa Rica and also expands on the notion of Tico Time. Interesting Costa Rica Facts: Culture, History, Food & More. Explore San Jose and discover a thriving cultural and business scene! Much history made what the flag and shield are today. The most extraordinary and quixotic artifacts left by Costa Rica’s ancestors are the astonishing stone spheres found near Palmar Norte and Palmar Sur in Corcovado. Costa Rica is a small country that is located in Central America. The freshly earned independence and road to democracy was to receive a couple more blows before reaching stability. In fact, they had to win their freedom not once but twice! All of the vegetation comes alive and Costa Rica glows green! It was here all along and Costa Rica discovered Europeans in 1502! If you ever have had the chance to visit us, then you know how important our pura vida lifestyle is to us. It is believed that the first settlers came to these parts around 1000 BC and had created a bustling city by 800 AD. Why they disappeared is still unknown. The Costa Rica population is approximately five million. At the time of the arrival of the Spanish explorers, the Guaymi were found in three distinct groups that were located in what is now known as western Panama. Discover the importance of rice and beans and all the ways Ticos include it in their diet! The country’s territory takes up only … Also, thought the spheres were created by the ancestors of the Boruca, Térraba, and Guaymi Indigenous tribes. The most prominent indigenous tribes are the Bribris, the Borucas, the Cabecares, the Huetares, the Malekus and the Chorotegas. it isn’t a big country, you may not have even heard of it until now but you are sure to know where Costa Rica is once you read this Article. In the 1970s immigrants mainly came from Argentina, Chile, and Colombia. As with most native tribes, their numbers are dwindling as their traditions and lands are usurped by modern societies. Costa Rica was inhabited by an estimated 400,000 Indians when Columbus explored it in 1502. History. Costa Ricans refer … Almost 95% of Costa Rica’s energy is derived from renewable resources- either geothermal or hydroelectric means. Around 15 percent of them inhabit the metropolitan area of San Jose. There is a lot to know about money when you travel and this article will help you out. “Pura vida” is commonly heard in Costa Rica—it means “pure life” and is often used as a greeting in lieu of “hello” and “goodbye”. Most of us have heard of self-declared 19th century commander William Walker but we don’t always know the details of his relationship to Costa Rica. Like the rest of Latin America, Costa Rica started off as a Spanish colony, and its function was to produce goods to enrich the Spanish monarchy. Since that time, the country has functioned peaceably with no civil unrest. The Irazu Volcano is Costa Rica’s highest volcano with an elevation of 11,259 feet above sea level. Look here for Costa Rica facts on the Flag and shield and the influences that created it. Costa Rica is a small country geographically; however, there are many interesting facts about this country. In the second round, they achieved full independence within Central America. Figueres became a national hero when Costa Rica disbanded its army in 1949. Costa Rica was part of the Federal Republic of Central America in 1813, before gaining full independence in 1821. There is no Daylight Savings Time, and Costa Rica’s time zone is the … Costa Rica is divided into 7 provinces: San Jose, Alajuela, Heredia, Cartago, Guanacaste, Puntarenas and Limon. There are many but here are some of the most frequently asked questions to help you on your next trip to this wonderful country. They come in the amounts of 1000, 2000, 5,000, 10,000, 20,000 and 50,000 colones. 2. Learn about this topic in these articles: major treatment. You see evidence of the indigenous influences in arts and crafts available throughout Costa Rica in the form of handcrafted ceramics, ornaments, and jewelry. Although none of his settlements in the Nicoya Bay region survived, he and his men began the... football. What questions do you have about Costa Rica? Costa Rica has two seasons a year, the dry season and the wet season. Though small in size (similar to West Virginia), Costa Rica is home to an estimated five percent of the Earth’s flora and fauna. Our favorite thing is when people fall as in love with Costa Rica as we are. Ticos & Ticas. © Copyright 2004-2021 all rights reserved. The climate affects every aspect of this country from how it was shaped to what you going to do during the day. Today, Costa Rica is strongly shaped by its Spanish influences as well as Catholicism. Every denomination of Costa Rican cash features … While the dry season is a great time to travel so you don’t have to worry about the rain, the wet season has its perks as well. In fact, some historians argue that the present culture of this country was primarily founded upon these more dominant indigenous cultures. The natural beauty and wildlife diversity of Costa … Based on scientific research, the Nicoya Peninsula was deemed one of the planet’s seven blue zones: Areas where people live longer, healthier and happier lives. It is here that the enemy made their mistake; Walker and his army took protection in a wooden fort. Tourism Is A Flourishing Industry In Costa Rica. The country’s education system is ranked one of the top in all of Latin America, with more than 4,200 schools scattered throughout the nation. Its constitution of 1949 provides for a unicameral legislature, a fair judicial system, and an independent electoral body. Since that day, Costa Rica has been investing in education, natural heritage and developing strategies for supporting workers’ rights. Walker and his army invaded the Guanacaste province at the now Santa Rosa National Park and the Costa Rican army expelled and followed them into Rivas, Nicaragua. Our Costa Rica facts page contains an overview of articles that provide details about Costa Rica, its people, its history, government, political structure, social values, policies, geography, weather, plants and animals. Costa Rica has a national tree and a national flower: the Guanacaste tree and the Guaria Morada orchid. Find out more Costa Rica facts about Juan Santamaria here. As a small country, Costa Rica now provides under 1% of the world's coffee production. Costa Ricans claim that Dr. Clodomiro “Clorito” Picado discovered the properties of penicillin before … Find out more here. In 1502, during his fourth and final trip to the Americas, Christopher Columbus landed in Costa Rica. Ticos, a term used to describe Costa Ricans, spend time with friends and family, enjoy meals together, and just explore the great outdoors in their beautiful country. These events were followed by an era of peace and prosperity until 1917, when fro two years General Federico Tinoco Granados had power as a military dictator. In 1502 Christopher Columbus’s fourth Atlantic voyage brought him to the shores of Costa Rica, where he... conquest by Spain. Limon was quickly abandoned in favor of the Central Valley, however, partially due to the heat and humidity. Additionally, the country boasts one of the highest life expectancy rates at 77 for men and 820 for women. Colones consist of colorful bills that depict some of Costa’s Rica’s most beautiful animals– these being sharks, monkeys, sloths and butterflies. Today there are more than 100 protected areas consisting of reserves, wildlife refuges and national parks in Costa Rica. Home » Costa Rica Facts » Costa Rica History. Costa Rica has a rich musical history that many people don't know about. Of all the Central American countries, Costa Rica is generally regarded as having the most stable and most democratic government. Here we have all the maps you need for your travels within Costa Rica. My Costa Rica (CostaRica.Org) is a Travel Agency that offers Custom Costa Rica Vacations & Packages Including Hotels, All-Inclusive Resorts and Tours. These articles and pages are meant to educate and inform users of everything they want to know about Costa Rica. Find out where Costa Rica actually is on the map. During the 20th century, Costa Rica’s settlement frontiers expanded outward rapidly from the Valle Central to incorporate peripheral areas, until virtually all the suitable lands in the country were settled and the spread of population effectively ended. According to history, the first humans who found Costa Rica (thousands of years before Christopher Columbus) arrived on the peninsula of Nicoya. by Ana Victoria Zamora on June 3, 2020 . The young Juan Santamaria bravely volunteered to burn down the fort. The victorious junta, however, resulted in a constitution that gave way to free elections with universal suffrage and the total abolition of the army. Costa Ricans live the Pura Vida by enjoying life’s little pleasures. However it lacked gold. Business Etiquette in Costa Rica and the Central American region. Check ou the articles below. Learn more about this amazing nation with these interesting facts that helped make this paradise one of the “happiest countries” on Earth. Well, that may please Spanish historians, but it is not actually what happened in this episode of Costa Rica history. Juan Santamaria is a prime symbol of this country and how it became independence. In 2015, the value of coffee exports was US$305.9 million, a small part of the total agricultural exports of US$2.7 billion. Many find stones placed close to graves, in various shapes. It is a very rich country in culture, history, food, and much more. They had created a sophisticated society. Costa Rica Pura Vida! Costa Rica is inhabited by around 4.5 million people. Pura Vida! This is largely attributed to the outdoor lifestyle, closeness to family and healthy diet. Isla del Coco is the most remote region of Costa Rica, nearly 360 miles from the mainland into the Pacific Ocean. The Flag and Shield of Costa Rica are an outstanding symbol of the country’s freedom and rights for the people. Thanks to its stable and developed economic base, Costa Ricans enjoy a higher standard of living than many of their peers in neighboring countries. Now that’s Pura Vida! The Blue, White and Red design we see today came from Wife of President José María Castro Madriz; and was inspired by the French revolution. Resistance by the indigenous inhabitants and disease prevented the Spanish from establishing a permanent settlement until 1563, when Cartago was founded. Which they didn’t. Find out what currency Costa Rica uses and how the dollars is used here. The first came in 1855 with the arrival of William Walker. Costa Rica has a 96% literacy rate, one of the highest in the world. Costa Rican currency is as colorful as its terrain. Colones to Dollars. Facts about Costa Rica 2: the short history of Costa Rica. However on 18 September 1502 Christopher Columbus sighted Costa Rica. In the first round, they broke free from the rule of Spain. Named after Saint Joseph, it is in the heart of the country, and its inhabitants are understandably proud of their home. Coffee production played a key role in Costa Rica's history and in 2006, was the third cash crop export. By the beginning of the 19th century, the cultivation of bananas brought in a lot of wealth and coffee soon followed. While Costa Rica takes up only .03% of the world’s land space, it contains 6% of all known living species and has the densest biodiversity on the planet. Also, it is the largest uninhabited island in the world with an area of about 24 square miles. At its peak, around 10.000 people used to live in this ancient city. In 16th century, Spain controlled Costa Rica. There were many migrations and influences from the Aztecs of Mexico to the Mayas and the Incas of Peru. While settlers were clearing land for coffee plantations in the late 1800’s, they happened upon an archeological site that remains one of Costa Rica‘s most famous ones today. Between Uvita Island and the current port of Limón. Between Uvita Island and the current port of Limón. 1. Facts about Costa Rica 1: the population. It was here all along and Costa Rica discovered Europeans in 1502! Achieving Independence was one of the most important events in Costa Rica history. The country was a backwater during the colonial period, however, and it was largely passed over by the Spanish in their search for gold. The Guaymi or Ngabe people are indigenous to northern Panama and southern Costa Rica. It was a Spanish colony for about 250 years. The indigenous cultures fled to the Talamanca mountain ranges where they remain to this day. At the beginning of the 16th century the indigenous people of Costa Rica were divided into tribes of farmers. Wind instruments called ocarinas are used in ancient … The Spanish came to Costa Rica and colonized the area in 1561. It is the largest city and capital of Costa Rica. Furthermore the indigenous population was devastated by European diseases to which they h… The entire country spans just 19,730 square miles, but its multiple ecosystems and microclimates accommodate such diversity within its borders. Columbusskirted the Costa Rican coast in 1502. The Valle Central, with more than half the country’s population, is the most predominantly Spanish region … Here is a list of the phone numbers and Locations of Costa Rica Consulates within the United States. Costa Rica's political stability, high standard of living, and well-developed social benefits system set it apart from its Central American neighbors. The sunrise occurs at around 5:30 a.m. and the sunset at 5:30 p.m. Read more about Costa Rica Independence and the long yet fascinating road Costa Ricans took to get there! Zoos and wildlife habitats look different here. Costa Rica has the highest rural literacy rate at 96% for … The region grew slowly and was administered as a Spanish province. The official language in Costa Rica, is Spanish. The official currency of Costa Rica is the Colon. But luckily, rights for the indigenous people have been put on the agenda and tourists can support them by visiting their villages and tribes. With this abundance of clean energy, the country is well on its way to becoming entirely carbon neutral by 2021. The native population was small compared to the vast Pre-Columbian civilizations found throughout Latin America. At the time, about 400,000 people were living in … But some influences still remain and some tribes are still populating Costa Rica to this day. Learn all about the people that made Costa Rica what it is today! Christopher Columbus was the first European recorded to have landed on Costa Rica’s shores on September 8, 1502. The President of Costa Rica at the time of William Walker’s arrival, JuanRafael Mora, brought together a makeshift army of peasants to fight the much more heavily armed enemy. This cultural heritage originates from the first indigenous groups who populated the area 10,000 years ago. 1539, the first time in recorded history that the term Costa Rica, or Rich Coast, was used to describe the territory between Panama and Nicaragua. Costa Ricans also enjoy one of the most modern public health care systems, which was recently ranked 36th in the world by the World Health Organization. Costa Rica is cherished as one of the world’s most popular eco-tourism destinations. As the story goes, Christopher Columbus landed on a small island located by, As the landowners were quite poor and isolated from the, The Most important part of Costa Rican History, William Walker The Filibuster and Juan Santamaria The Hero, San Juan Santamaria International Airport. The sun rises and sets at 5:45 am and 5:45 pm every day of the year. The food has a history all on its own from the indigenous cultures to the Spanish colonization. Check ouy this article o the weather. As the largest and most populous city in Costa Rica, San Jose is a popular destination for tourists and expats alike. The indigeno… Costa Rica has over 120 volcanic cones and 7 active volcanoes. Check out more below. Pura Vida. The golden bands that the region's Carib Indians wore as earrings and nose rings inspired the crew to name the country Costa Rica, meaning Rich Coast. In 1522, the colonists named the land Costa Rica, meaning Rich Coast, in the hope that they were going to find gold in its hills. Believed to be around 2,000 years old, thousands surprisingly uniform stone spheres, ranging in diameter from 4 inches (10 cm) to 8 feet (2.5 m, discovered in the 1940s. His ambitions to turn Central America into slaving territory. According to the Happy Planet Index, Costa Ricans enjoy the highest life satisfaction in the world. In 1821, Costa Rica declared independence from … In 1502, Christopher Columbus arrived at Limon being lost. Laura Chinchilla was the first female president elected in this country. There is so much to discover about this amazing country. German, Italian, and British immigrants in the 19th century left an imprint on Costa Rican education, science, and culture. Why not try to pick up some of the language and slang while you are here? Costa Rica achieved independence in 1821 but was absorbed for two years by … My Costa Rica (CostaRica.Org) is a Travel Agency that offers Custom Costa Rica Vacations & Packages Including Hotels, All-Inclusive Resorts and Tours. The weather here is tricky it rains when it wants and really all that depend on what part of the country you are in. The country has a population of 4.5 million, and its capital city of San Jose is home to approximately 300,000 citizens. Nearly four-fifths of Costa Rica’s population is of European descent, and, as a result, Costa Rica has the largest percentage of people of Spanish descent in Central America. European immigration and customs have helped to mold Costa Rican history and influence its character. It also feels surprisingly modern and lacks the poverty of other Central American capitals. Well, that may please Spanish historians, but it is not actually what happened in this episode of Costa Ricahistory. Why not visit Costa Rica and come joins us in the happiest place on earth? Here are 20 interesting and lesser known facts about Costa Rica…. When it became apparent that the rich coast was poorer than its neighbors, the colonists switched their focus to agricultural development. Its economy struggled due to lack of connections with European suppliers. The country’s lowest nadir is 790 feet below sea level in the caves of Barra Honda National Park. Per a government decree in 1869, education is both free and mandatory for all citizens in Costa Rica. The Spanish conquest began in 1524. In fact, the Chirripo Mountain is the highest peak in Costa Rica at 12,500 feet. As the story goes, Christopher Columbus landed on a small island located by Limon in 1502, and “discovered” Costa Rica. It is bordered by Nicaragua to its north, Panama to its south, the Caribbean Sea to its east and the Pacific Ocean to its west. Do you need help from a consulate in your home country? As the story goes, Christopher Columbus landed on a small island located by Limon in 1502, and “discovered” Costa Rica. Limon was quickly abandoned in favor of the Central Valley, however, partially due to the heat and humidity. Costa Rica has been inhabited as far back as 5000 years BC by indigenous people. During colonial times, Guanacaste was not part of … © Copyright 2004-2021 all rights reserved. The History. Unlike many of its Central American neighbors, the government in Costa Rica is a stable democracy, with presidential elections that take place every four years. The colors of the Costa Rica Flag have significant meaning in how the country is governed and came to be today. The Guayabo National Monument is shrouded in mystery to this day but does reveal the existence of an ancient society of some sophistication. Costa Rican calypso music is one of the most famous musical styles to come out of Costa Rica, along with soca, salsa, merengue, and cumbia. The result is a nation of laid-back, friendly, and happy people. There is even an airport named after him. Rule of Spain Santamaria bravely volunteered to burn down the fort rights for the people that Costa... Until 1563, when Cartago was founded the day country you are in Ferrer, abolished the Costa Rica its... Actually is on the Flag and shield are today it also feels surprisingly modern lacks... Heritage and developing strategies for supporting workers ’ rights refuges and national parks in Costa Rica nearly... And was administered as a small country geographically ; however, there are many interesting facts that helped this! 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