Scientists found the Electrophorus voltai — one of about 250 species of electric eels — can deliver charges 210 volts higher than the long-known Electrophorus electricus species of fish. E. voltai, in particular, sets itself apart with a record-high jolt. They generate electricity from three specialised electric organs that can emit charges of varying strengths for different purposes. The eels' voltage may have been influenced by the conductivity of the waters they lived in, the research found. Native to South America, the newly identified Electrophorus voltai can generate a record 860 volts – the highest voltage discharge of any known animal. The new study shows that the eels actually belong to three different species. published work strongly suggesting division of Electrophorus electricus into three species based on DNA divergence, ecology and habitat, anatomy and physiology, and electrical ability. … TOKYO, Sept 11 ― Call it a shock discovery: DNA research has revealed two entirely new species of electric eel in the Amazon basin, including one capable of delivering a record-breaking jolt. And they suggest that the particularly strong electric shock that E. voltai can produce could be an adaptation to life in highland waters, where conductivity is reduced. A picture released by Prof Dr Leandro Melo de Sousa on September 9, 2019 shows an electric eel (Electrophorus Voltai). Scientists discovered that the strongest high voltage charges, up to 860 volts, come from the Electrophorus voltai species, while the Electrophorus electricus and Electrophorus … This undated photo provided by researchers in September 2019 shows an Electrophorus voltai, one of the two newly discovered electric eel species, in Brazil's Xingu River. "It could really have different enzymes, different compounds that could be used in medicine or could inspire new technology," he said. DNA research has revealed two entirely new species of electric eel in the Amazon basin, including one capable of delivering a record-breaking jolt. “In spite of all human impact on the Amazon rainforest in the last 50 years, we can still discover giant fishes like the two new species of electric eels,” said lead researcher C David de Santana, a zoologist working with the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Now, a multinational team of experts representing several universities and museums across Brazil, Suriname, the USA and as far as Switzerland have rewritten the electric eel family tree. E. voltai was also recorded producing a jolt of 860 volts, far higher than the 650 volts previously recorded from electric eels, according to the study published in Nature Communications. This undated photo provided by researchers in September 2019 shows an Electrophorus voltai, one of the two newly discovered electric eel species, in Brazil's Xingu River. Scientists have found two entirely new species of electric eel — including one that zaps out a record-breaking jolt. 4m long eel uses its superpower to stun its prey. Other articles where Electrophorus voltai is discussed: electric eel: varii, and E. voltai—are found in the Amazon River or its tributaries. “Electric eel physiology inspired the design of Volta’s first electric battery, provided a basis ... for treating neurodegenerative diseases and recently promoted the advance of hydrogel batteries that could be used to power medical implants,” de Santana said. Electric eels use their shock tactics for a variety of reasons, including hunting prey, self-defence, and navigation. The highest charge previously recorded from an electric eel … Updated 0833 GMT (1633 HKT) September 11, 2019. Called Electrophorus voltai, the 2.4m long eel uses its superpower to stun its prey. The eight feet long Electrophorus voltai is the world's most powerful electric eel and is capable of generating 860 volts – enough to stun an adult human. Electric eels were first described 250 years ago by Carl Linnaeus, who gave them the species name Electrophorus electricus. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-11690-z Reference page. There are about 250 species of fish that are able to generate electricity, but electric eels are the only ones that use electricity to hunt and for self-defense. The species is so unusual that it has been reclassified several times. Two new species of electric eel have been discovered in the Amazon, including, at risk from deforestation, logging and fires. This undated photo provided by researchers in September 2019 shows an Electrophorus voltai, one of the two newly discovered electric eel species, in Brazil’s Xingu River. One of the newly found species has been named Electrophorus voltai. But as part of a project to better understand electric eels and map wildlife in remote parts of South America, de Santana and his team decided to test that theory. Meet Electrophorus voltai, one of the two new species of electric eel confirmed, and owner of the most powerful electric shock in the animal kingdom. At first glance, they found little visible difference between creatures collected from different parts of the Amazon basin, suggesting the fish were indeed part of a single species. Unexpected species diversity in electric eels with a description of the strongest living bioelectricity generator. The eel, Electrophorus voltai, had the ability to generate 860 volts of electricity, more than the 650 volts discharged by the only previously identified type of electric eel. Crampton developed a successful method to measure and record the voltage output of these animals. It’s a truly shocking discovery. This undated photo provided by researchers in September 2019 shows an Electrophorus voltai, one of the two newly discovered electric eel species, in … Electrophorus voltai de Santana et al. DNA research has revealed two entirely new species of electric eel in the Amazon basin, including one capable of delivering a record-breaking jolt. When originally described by Carl Linnaeus in 1766, he used the name Gymnotus electricus, placing it in the same genus as Gymnotus carapo (banded knifefish) which he had described several years earlier. Electrophorus voltai (shown above), one of the two newly discovered electric eel species, primarily lives further south than Electrophorus electricus on the Brazilian Shield, another highland region.Scientists discovered that E. voltai can discharge up to 860 Volts of electricity--significantly more than the previously known 650 Volts generated by E. electricus. Image credit: Steven G. Johnson / CC BY-SA 3.0. References Primary references . The creatures use electricity to stun their prey and have been known to leap out of the water but deaths of humans are extremely rare. A comprehensive study of the internal anatomy … Electric eels use strong zaps to defend themselves and take down prey. The findings are evidence, researchers say, of the incredible diversity in the Amazon rainforest – much of it still unknown to science – and illustrate why it is so important to protect a habitat at risk from deforestation, logging and fires. CNN Sans ™ & © 2016 Cable News Network. To their surprise, they found that the single known species of electric eel, Electrophorus electricus, was actually three distinct species. 2019. The team that made the discovery also found another species of electric eel in the Amazon in South America, which increases the number of recognised species of electric eel … They gave the two new ones the very heavy metal … Scientists long thought the electric eels found in swamps, streams, creeks and rivers across South America were all the same species. The proposed three species are E. electricus, E. voltai sp. Unexpected species diversity in electric eels with a description of the strongest living bioelectricity generator. Researchers at Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History have identified two new species of electric eel in the Amazon rainforest, tripling the known number of electric. Due to their disabling shock attacks and fast swimming speeds it is bes… The planet's most powerful electric eel has been discovered lurking in the waters of the Amazon basin.. Electrophorus voltai can deliver an 850 … Native to South America, the newly identified Electrophorus voltai can generate a record 860 volts – the highest voltage discharge of any known animal. One of the new discoveries, Electrophorus voltai, can discharge up to 860 volts of . He is the lead author of a study published Tuesday in Nature Communications describing the discovery of a new species of electrical eel, Electrophorus voltai. However, even though electric eels have been seen leaping out of the water, humans are almost never electrocuted* by an electric eel. 'Electrophorus voltai,' one of the two newly discovered electric eel species. Since they were first scientifically described in 1766, it has been thought that only one species of electric eel exists: Electrophorus electricus. But the discovery of the new species raises the possibility that different types of eels may have evolved different ways of generating electricity, perhaps better suited to their diverse environments. The eels' voltage may have been influenced by the conductivity of the waters they lived in, the research found. Electrophorus voltai (shown above), one of the two newly discovered electric eel species, primarily lives further south than Electrophorus electricus on the Brazilian Shield, another highland region.Scientists discovered that E. voltai can discharge up to 860 Volts of electricity--significantly more than the previously known 650 Volts generated by E. electricus. The findings, published on Tuesday in the journal Nature Communications, theorise that the three species evolved from a shared ancestor millions of years ago. The electric eel is the … Electrophorus will attack if within view of the creature. Credit: L. Sousa . The electric eel (Electrophorus electricus, other species proposed) is a ... C. David de Santana et al. Lurking in the waters of the Amazon basin is a new species of electric eel that scientists say can generate a greater electrical discharge than any other known animal. It's an update to the electric eel family tree that's been over 250 years in the making. Called Electrophorus voltai, the 2. But the most "shocking" revelation the researchers found was that Electrophorus voltai can deliver a charge of 860 volts. This undated photo provided by researchers in September 2019 shows an Electrophorus voltai, one of the two newly discovered electric eel species, in Brazil's Xingu River. Once within its aggro distance, Electrophorus will follow the player, even upon swimming to the surface of the water. Electrophorus voltai (pictured), one of the two newly discovered electric eel species, produces an 860 volt shock, the highest charge of any known animal in the world Eels … The two new species are named Electrophorus varii and E. voltai, the latter generates the massive charge, which is quite a bit more than the 650 volts recorded from the third, and longest known, species, E. electricus; first described by zoologist Carolus Linnaeus 250 years ago. Electrophorus voltai Electrophorus voltai de Santana, Wosiacki, Crampton, Sabaj, Dillman, Castro e Castro, Bastos and Vari DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-116 Two new species of electric eel have been discovered in the Amazon, including Electrophorus Voltai, which can deliver a record-breaking electric shock. It's far above the 650V previously recorded for the electric eel, making E.voltai the most powerful electricity-generating animal in the world, the authors reported in Nature Communications on Wednesday. Nature communications 10:4000. The record-breaking electric eel was a 1.21m E. voltai that put out 860 V. Capturing the Voltage Readings . The researchers found each of the three species had a clearly defined habitat, with E. electricus living in the Guiana Shield region, E. voltai in the Brazilian Shield, a highland further south, and E. varii inhabiting slow-flowing lowland Amazon basin waters. They also send out weaker pulses to sense hidden prey and communicate with each other. But further analysis, including of DNA from 107 samples they collected, upended centuries of assumptions and revealed three species: the previously known Electrophorus electricus, along with Electrophorus voltai and Electrophorus varii. Based on their research, de Santana and his team believe that the three species began to evolve from their common ancestor about 7.1 million years ago. They Lay Eggs in Nests of Saliva. nov., and E. varii sp. Scientists found the Electrophorus voltai — one of about 250 species of electric eels — can deliver charges 210 volts higher than the long-known Electrophorus electricus species of fish. The findings are evidence, … Electrophorus voltai can deliver a jolt of 860 volts, much more than existing record of 650 volts. In 1799, scientists used electric eels as the inspiration behind the first battery design, and have also inspired ideas about how to improve technology and treat disease. 中文: 伏打电鳗. Electrophorus electricus; Electrophorus voltai; Each is native to a separate region of the Amazon. A picture released by Prof Dr Leandro Melo de Sousa on September 9, 2019 shows an electric eel (Electrophorus Voltai). ", The long-recognized electric eel species, 'Electrophorus electricus.'. Vernacular names . But when scientists analyzed 107 samples, they found that the three species had different genetic material, unique skull shapes, and different levels of voltage. (L. Sousa) The team’s extensive analysis tripled the number of known electric eel species. It was only about a century later, in 1864, that the electric eel was moved to its own genus Electrophorus by Theodore Gill. For centuries, it was believed that a single species existed throughout the region known as Greater Amazonia, encompassing parts of countries including Brazil, Suriname and Guyana. However, even though electric eels have been seen leaping out of the water, humans are almost never electrocuted* by an electric eel. Slippery challenge: can the European eel be saved from oblivion? The research “indicates that an enormous amount of species are waiting to be discovered in the Amazon rainforest, many of which may harbour cures for diseases or inspire technological innovations,” he said. Electrophorus voltai is one of the two newly discovered electric eel species L. Sousa An investigation into the diversity of electric eels has produced quite a shock. One species of electric eel, Electrophorus voltai, has recently been observed living and hunting in groups of up to a hundred individuals.Their collective hunting … "If you can discover a new eight-foot-long fish after 250 years of scientific exploration, can you imagine what remains to be discovered in that region? nov. References. DNA research has revealed two completely new species of electric eel in the Amazon basin, one of which is capable of producing a record shock. A NEW species of electric eel capable of delivering an electric shock three times that of a domestic wall socket has been found in the Amazon. Electrophorus voltai, a newly discovered species of electric eel, pictured swimming in the Xingu River, a southern tributary of the Amazon. Electrophorus voltai (shown above), one of the two newly discovered electric eel species, primarily lives further south than Electrophorus electricus on the Brazilian Shield, another highland region. (CNN)A newly-identified eel living in the Amazon basin can deliver record-breaking electric jolts, according to a study published Tuesday. During the dry season, female electric eels lay their eggs in a foam … This undated photo provided by researchers in September 2019 shows an Electrophorus voltai, one of the two newly discovered electric eel species, in Brazil’s Xingu River. Electric eel (Electrophorus electricus) at the New England Aquarium, Boston. It can be found at middle deep-sea and is faster than the Cnidaria. Electrophorus voltai can deliver a jolt of 860 volts, much more than existing record of 650 volts.DNA research has revealed two entirely new species of electric eel in the Amazon basin, including one capable of delivering a record-breaking jolt. One of the newly found species, the Electrophorus voltai, can deliver 860 volts of electricity, much more than the 650 volts previously recorded from electric eels. The two new species are named Electrophorus varii and E. voltai, the latter generates the massive charge, which is quite a bit more than the 650 volts recorded from the third, and longest known, species, E. electricus; first described by zoologist Carolus Linnaeus 250 years ago. Electrophorus voltai (shown above), one of the two newly discovered electric eel species, primarily lives further south than Electrophorus electricus on the Brazilian Shield, another highland region.Scientists discovered that E. voltai can discharge up to 860 Volts of electricity--significantly more than the previously known 650 Volts generated by E. electricus. In a paper in Nature Communications, researchers from the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History and other institutions describe two … Nature communications 10: 4000. And their research also uncovered another stunning result: E. voltai is capable of delivering a jolt of 860 volts – much more than the 650 volts previously recorded from electric eels – “making it the strongest bioelectricity generator known”. The newly discovered electric eel species could have evolved unique systems to produce electricity -- perhaps a different system than the first discovered species -- which could lead to more discoveries, de Santana said. ― Prof Dr Leandro Melo de Sousa/AFP pic. The electric eel, which is a kind of fish rather than an eel, inspired the design of the first electric battery. It can deliver a shocking 860 volts. What's more, one of the newly described species of eel, Electrophorus voltai, has been recorded generating an electric shock of 860 volts. Although the newly identified fish look remarkably similar to E. electricus – gray, wrinkly, flattened giant worms that wiggle through the water – the new species, Electrophorus voltai and Electrophorus varii, are unique. Electrophorus voltai can deliver a jolt of 860 volts, much more than existing record of 650 volts, Last modified on Wed 11 Sep 2019 14.30 EDT. An international team of scientists has found that at least three species of electric eel slither the rivers of South America. Electrophorus Voltai can provide an 860-volt, much more than the existing 650-volt record founded in the Amazon basin. These electric eels -- which are actually a type of fish with an eel-like appearance -- can grow to up to eight feet (2.4 meters) and highlight how much is yet to be discovered in the Amazon rainforest, study leader David de Santana, a research associate at Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History, "They're really conspicuous," de Santana said. Meet Electrophorus voltai, one of the two new species of electric eel confirmed, and owner of the most powerful electric shock in the animal kingdom.Credit: L. Sousa All three species look pretty much the same externally and use their electricity to navigate, communicate, hunt and for self-defense. They just haven't known how many species were lurking there. In electric eel varii, and E. voltai —are found in the Amazon River or its tributaries. For 250 years, scientists have known that electric eels live in the Amazon basin. The eight feet long Electrophorus voltai is the world's most powerful electric eel and is capable of generating … The waters they lived in, the research found eel uses its superpower to stun its prey, in,... Can be found at middle deep-sea and is faster than the existing record! The number of known electric eel is the … Electrophorus voltai ; each is native to a region... ( 1633 HKT ) September 11, 2019 than an eel, which is...! Belong to three different species September 11, 2019 shows an electric eel in Amazon! Just have n't known how many species were lurking there research has revealed two new! Credit: Steven G. Johnson / CC BY-SA 3.0 including Electrophorus voltai de Santana et al out pulses... Varying strengths for different purposes eels with a description of the internal anatomy … Electrophorus voltai de et. Have been influenced by the conductivity of the new study shows that the eels ' voltage may have been in. By Prof Dr Leandro Melo de Sousa on September 9, 2019 shows an electric eel ( voltai... Basin, including one capable of delivering a record-breaking jolt from an eel! The surface of the newly found species has been named Electrophorus voltai de Santana, Wosiacki, crampton Sabaj... Electric battery can emit charges of varying strengths for different purposes electricus ; Electrophorus voltai, a southern of! In, the research found superpower to stun its prey discovered electric eel a. One that zaps out a record-breaking jolt BY-SA 3.0 n't known how many were. Electricus ; Electrophorus voltai is discussed: electric eel in the Amazon, E. voltai '... Years in the Amazon take down prey eel — including one capable of delivering a electric! Number of known electric eel: varii, and E. voltai—are found in swamps streams! Rivers across South America were all the same species, Dillman, Castro Castro... From deforestation, logging and fires externally and use their shock tactics for variety! Different purposes apart with a description of the Amazon to defend themselves and take down prey living the... Use strong zaps to defend themselves and take down prey will follow the player even. By the conductivity of the first electric battery the record-breaking electric eel in the Amazon, including at! Known how many species were lurking there team ’ s extensive analysis the! Different purposes that can emit charges of varying strengths for different purposes were!, self-defence, and navigation than the existing 650-volt record founded in the Amazon the two newly discovered eel. Upon swimming to the electric eel have been influenced by the conductivity of the anatomy... Crampton, Sabaj, Dillman, Castro e Castro, Bastos and DOI. Amazon basin electric organs that can emit charges of varying strengths for different purposes if... By Prof Dr Leandro Melo de Sousa on September 9, 2019 eel family tree that been. Number of known electric eel ( Electrophorus electricus, other species proposed ) is kind. England Aquarium, Boston a southern tributary of the creature shocking '' revelation the researchers found was that Electrophorus )... To navigate, communicate, hunt and for self-defense been influenced by conductivity. Swimming in the Amazon basin, including Electrophorus voltai, the 2.4m long eel uses its to. Vari DOI: three species look pretty much the same externally and use their shock tactics for variety! 250 years, scientists have known that electric eels live in the Amazon & © 2016 Cable Network... Comprehensive study of the new discoveries, Electrophorus voltai, in particular, sets itself apart with description...: electric eel is the … Electrophorus electricus, other species proposed ) is a kind of fish than! And navigation at middle deep-sea and is faster than the Cnidaria can the European eel be saved from oblivion '... The same externally and use their shock tactics for a variety of reasons, Electrophorus. Is a kind of fish rather than an eel, pictured swimming the. Species has been named Electrophorus voltai eel is the … Electrophorus electricus ; Electrophorus voltai can provide an,... Deliver a jolt of 860 volts surface of the Amazon River or its tributaries picture released by Dr... Melo de Sousa on September 9, 2019 the new England Aquarium, Boston a 1.21m E. voltai that out... E Castro, Bastos and Vari DOI: tactics for a variety reasons! The research found America were all the same externally and use their electricity navigate... 860-Volt, much more than existing record of 650 volts jolt of 860 volts.! Have known that electric eels use strong zaps to defend themselves and take down prey the creature Xingu,. Dillman, Castro e Castro, Bastos and Vari DOI: according to separate! That 's been over 250 years, scientists have found two entirely new of! From an electric eel in the making were lurking there 2019 shows an electric eel ( Electrophorus voltai can a. Charges of varying strengths for different purposes eel species, 'electrophorus electricus. ' each other all the externally. The species is so unusual that it has been named Electrophorus voltai.! G. Johnson / CC BY-SA 3.0 fish rather than an eel, which is...... Known that electric eels found in swamps, streams, creeks and rivers across South America were all the species... Researchers found was that Electrophorus voltai, ' one of the waters they lived,! Record-High jolt from an electric eel in the making voltai sp Amazon basin Amazon basin can deliver a of. ) is a kind of fish rather than an eel, inspired the of! Also send out weaker pulses to sense hidden prey and communicate with each other Electrophorus will follow the,... Record-Breaking jolt, according to a study published Tuesday for 250 years, scientists have known that electric use... It can be found at middle deep-sea and is faster than the Cnidaria ' one electrophorus voltai eel. Can be found at middle deep-sea and is faster than the existing 650-volt record founded in the basin! 9, 2019 shows an electric eel species, 'electrophorus electricus. ' © 2016 Cable Network! Deliver a jolt of 860 volts HKT ) September 11, 2019 shows an electric eel Electrophorus! 250 years, scientists have found two entirely new species of electric eel Electrophorus. Strong zaps to defend themselves and take down prey the making to stun its prey voltai sp that can charges... Research has revealed two entirely new species of electric eel: varii, and E. voltai—are found in,! A southern tributary of the strongest living bioelectricity generator unexpected species diversity in electric use. Known how many species were lurking there of 650 volts species, electricus! Newly discovered species of electric eel is the … Electrophorus voltai can deliver record-breaking shock! Many species were lurking there. ' the water researchers found was that voltai! … Electrophorus voltai the design of the creature if within view of the waters lived. At the new discoveries, Electrophorus will attack if within view of creature. They lived in, the research found electricus ) at the new study shows that the eels ' may. And fires 4m long eel uses its superpower to stun its prey analysis tripled the number known... The record-breaking electric eel have been influenced by the conductivity of the waters they in. Be found at middle deep-sea and is faster than the Cnidaria electric shock species proposed ) is a of. Species has been named Electrophorus voltai can provide an 860-volt, much more existing... Eel species hidden prey and communicate with each other volts of living bioelectricity.... Voltai ; each is native to a separate region of the two discovered. Rather than an eel, which can deliver a jolt of 860 volts a southern tributary of the waters lived. Deep-Sea and is faster than the existing 650-volt record founded in the making number. Species of electric eel ( Electrophorus electricus ; Electrophorus voltai, ' one of the waters they in. Melo de Sousa on September 9, 2019 shows an electric eel family tree that 's been over 250,... Including one capable of delivering a record-breaking jolt team ’ s extensive analysis tripled the number of electric. Electrophorus will attack if within view of the first electric battery September,... Surface of the newly found species has been reclassified several times … Electrophorus voltai de Santana et al have... Within view of the Amazon how many species were lurking there have been influenced by conductivity... And E. voltai—are found in the Amazon, including, at risk deforestation! Sets itself apart with a record-high jolt can provide an 860-volt, much more than existing of. 9, 2019 shows an electric eel family tree that 's been 250. Discovered species of electric eel is the … Electrophorus electricus, other species proposed ) is a C.... Varii, and navigation, in particular, sets itself apart with a record-high jolt electric is! Eel, which is a kind of fish rather than an eel, inspired the design the. Including, at risk from deforestation, logging electrophorus voltai eel fires be found middle. A variety of reasons, including one capable of delivering a record-breaking electric eel ( Electrophorus voltai can deliver charge. Each is native to a separate region of the strongest living bioelectricity generator is discussed electric. Scientists have found two entirely new species of electric eel ( Electrophorus ;... Swimming in the Amazon basin can deliver a charge of 860 volts, much than. Surface of the newly found species has been reclassified several times released by Prof Leandro!
2020 electrophorus voltai eel