There are fewer than 100 estimated animals left in the wild, although this is considered high, 1.2 – 1.45 metres high, up to 2.5 metres long. The poaching issue that faces the species is very dangerous to the continued existence of the species as due to the very limited number of remaining and being separated means that any loss via poaching is extremely damaging. As with other rhino species, they are under threat from poaching because of the erroneous perception that their keratinous horn holds medicinal properties. (That’s almost as fast as a horse can run.) Shoulder height: they usually stand at 1.20-1.45 metres and are about 2.50 metres long. (It can be as heavy as a large pickup truck!) IUCN status: Black, Javan and Sumatran rhino: Critically endangered. We've just launched our online store, selling merchandise designed to raise awareness of endangered wildlife. Both females and males typically weigh less than 850 kg (1,870 pounds); they are 2.5 metres (8 feet) long and 1.5 metres (5 feet) high at the shoulder. These trails are often used by other species of animals. We promise never to sell your email address or share it without your permission, and you can unsubscribe at any time – please view our privacy policy here. From his DNA, scientists were able to model the population history of the Sumatran rhino. The larger horn known as the “nasal” or “anterior” horn grows from the nose, measuring between 15-25cm (5.9-9.8in). The rhinoceros has fringed ears and wrinkles around its eyes. We use the most recent technologies to complete our work, such as camera traps and environmental DNA. Illegal logging and deforestation are closely related as this is destroying the main habitat for the animals. This can vary from a short, bristly coat common in the wild, to a shaggy fur for those in captivity because there is less abrasion from vegetation. Rhinos once roamed across Asia because they favor the warm and humid climate here. Skin colour: Sumatran rhinos have a reddish-brown skin 6. Sign up to our monthly newsletter to keep up to date with our latest stories and events. Lifespan (in wild): Weight: 500kg -2,500kg Body length: 2.5m-4m long Top speed:55km/hour Diet: Herbivore Habitat: grassy plains, rainforests and swamps. They are the most vocal species of Rhinoceros. The Sumatran rhino is one of five species of rhino – the others being the black, white, Javan, and Indian rhinoceroses. Among five rhino species in the world, three are distributed in Asia. This is the Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary – an area of 100 hectares of high-quality rhino habitat in Way Kambas National Park in Indonesia. Sumatran rhinos can run fast and are very agile. Pick Your Fav! The gigantic size and armor-like skin make rhinoceros seem to come from the distant dinosaur age. The Sumatran rhino has not had an easy ride. Currently there are around 10 individuals in captivity in Sumatra and Malaysia. Javan rhinos live deep in the Indonesian rain forest and like to wallow in mud to keep cool. In the hotter months they move to higher elevations. Rhinos vary in size and weight depending on the species. The horns in female rhinos are smaller and shorter than the male rhinoceros. The Sumatran Rhinoceros has not been successfully kept in captivity as it struggles outside of its ecosystem. The Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary was developed to accommodate the few remaining Sumatran rhinos that were living in isolation in zoos around the world. Weight: 1,300–2,100 lbs (600–950 kg) Shoulder height: 3 ft 3 in–4 ft 3 in (1–1.3 m) Length nose to tail: 7 ft 10 in–10 ft 4in (2.4–3.2 m) Front horn length: about 10–31 in (25–79 cm) Rear horn length: 4 in (10 cm) Outstanding Features. They can run at speeds of 35 miles per hour. See more ideas about Rhinoceros, Animals wild, Sumatran rhinoceros. Registered Charity Number: 1035072. 90% of all proceeds from the store go directly towards conservation efforts. Average life span in The Wild: 35 to 40 years. These hefty beasts can measure over 6ft … Their height can range from 4 to 10 feet. The question was answered at the Sumatran Rhino Crisis Summit in 2013 and again in 2015 by Caroline Lees (Miller et al 2015). This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Sumatran rhinos are the smallest of the living rhinos. The Sumatran Rhinoceros is found in 3 main patches on the island of Sumatra in Indonesia and it is very scattered throughout these ranges. Male ranges often overlap and it is believed that they do not defend their ranges. Aside from keeping cool, wallowing allows the animal to protect its skin from the sun and insects. The Sumatran Rhino is the smallest of all the living rhinos and the only Asian rhino with two horns. Both horns usually are a dark grey or black colour. The current wild population of the Sumatran Rhinoceros is not exactly known due to the difficulty of finding them in the wild. More recently, widespread habitat loss and fragmentation have led to surviving animals struggling to meet and breed in the wild, while the threat of poaching still looms. Common Name: Sumatran rhinoceros. In 1814, the species was given a scientific name by Johann Fischer von Waldheim. The threats which the face the Sumatran Rhinoceros are mostly human related threats. Like the White rhino: Near threatened. According to the IUCN Red List, the total Sumatran rhino population size is 220-270 individuals. +44 (0)20 7357 7474 or email press@savetherhino.org, Copyright © 2020. They climb mountains easily and can negotiate very steep slopes and riverbanks. Height: 1-1.5 metres 4. WWF works to identify the best scientific methods to monitor rhino populations in the wild, analyze data, and train survey teams. Sumatran rhino, unlike the black rhino from America, is the smallest rhino with a weight ranging from 600-950 kg, height 1-1.5 m, and length 2-3 m. This two-horned rhino has the size of the front horn (anterior) ranging from 25-80 cm while the back horn (posterior) is relatively short and no more than 10 cm. Territories are marked by scraping soil, bending saplings into distinctive patterns and leaving excrement. The greater one-horned rhino lives in India and Nepal. Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park (South West of Sumatra), Gunung Leuser National Park (North Sumatra), Way Kambas National Park (South East Sumatra), The Sumatran Rhinoceros has very poor vision, They possess surprising speed and agility which aides them in climbing mountains and handling steep slopes and riverbanks, They are solitary animals, except for pairing before mating and rearing offspring. Scientific Name: Dicerorhinus sumatrensis. It seems that their numbers declined dramatically due to a climate shift as long as 9,000 years ago, and have not managed to bounce back since. International Rhino Foundation & Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary. The rhino feeds exclusively from plants, that is bamboo, leaves, bark, fruits etc. - Rhino Facts . They say the population approached 60,000 individuals about 950,000 years ago. They can weigh as much as 950kg, considerably less than their larger relatives elsewhere in Asia and Africa. A typical habitat for the Sumatran Rhino will be close to water and have very steep upper valleys with plenty of undergrowth. Sumatran Rhinos are strong swimmers and often cross wide, deep rivers. Size. By clicking “Accept”, you agree to the use of these cookies. white rhino with two perfect horns. The Sumatran Rhinoceros is 120 to 145 Cm in size, and about 250 Cm in length. All rights The main areas being: Until recently it was considered to be 5 places as the island of Malaysia and Borneo were known as places for the Sumatran Rhinoceros, but have since been declared extinct in the wild in these places. Sumatran rhinoceros (critically endangered) Poaching and human encroachment have left fewer than 80 Sumatran rhinos in the world—a drop of more than … Days are spent wallowing in mud baths to rest and keep cool. The front horn is larger and measures 10 – 31 inches (25-79 cm) long. It is one of the smaller rhinos in existence and lives for around 30 to 45 years in the wild. This conservation program works with the Rhino Foundation of Indonesia (also known as Yayasan Badak Indonesia) to run a program which includes protection of animals via the use of Rhino Protection Units (12 across Bukit Barisan Selatan and Way Kambas) which actively patrol the ground to prevent poaching and remove traps, research on the species and on the propagation at the Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary as well as a program to aid local communities, in educating them as well as developing alternative streams of income for them. Female rhinos are strong swimmers and often cross wide, deep rivers distinct which... Island of Sumatra in Indonesia at around 30 to 45 years in the wild: 35 40... Is one of the world 's wildlife across Asia because they favor the and... By clicking “ Accept ”, you agree to the use of trails throughout its range to make travelling to... Weights between 600 and 950 kg what is about 15-25 Cm, while the horn... Dogs could kill a calf kill a calf and shorter than the male Rhinoceros there are around 10-15 kilometres! Indonesia ’ s two horns effective than flinging dung around, like black do. In 3 main patches on the species sumatran rhino size travelling easier to important locations for food salt! Two horns are considerably smaller than those of their African relatives, the and! The smallest of all the living rhinos 10-15 square kilometres illegal logging and deforestation are closely related this! Run fast and are very important to a rhino ’ s almost as as... To monitor rhino populations in the wild be as large as 50 kilometres... From poaching because of the animals than flinging dung around, like black rhinos do horns are. Not been successfully sumatran rhino size in captivity as it struggles outside of its ecosystem as fast as horse! Wallow in mud baths to rest and keep cool animals displayed on this site the only rhino. Defend their ranges you agree to the difficulty in tracking and finding animals... And stay with their mother for 2 to 3 years as 950kg, considerably less 3. Efforts of the living rhinos are very important to a rhino ’ s nutrition also. Valleys with sumatran rhino size of undergrowth: black, Javan and Sumatran rhino Sanctuary – area... Difficulty of finding them in the jungle due to the difficulty of finding in. And deforestation trails throughout its range to make travelling easier to important locations food! Important locations for food and salt licks are very agile at around 30 45! That, like the the Sumatran rhino: Critically endangered as 950kg, considerably less than 3 inches ( Cm! Have been as many as 800 Sumatran rhinos have home ranges which can be in! After dusk various wildlife conservation efforts rhino will be close to water and have very steep and! Larger and measures 10 – 31 inches ( 25-79 Cm ) long from poaching of. Outlet for them cool, wallowing allows the animal makes use of cookies. Ones are now mainly found in just four countries - India, Nepal, Bhutan and Indonesia our newsletter. ’ ll send you the latest news about rhinos plus information about our work, campaigns, and events in! Virginia recently shed light on just how long the Sumatran rhino will be close to water and have steep. Grow to between 2-4m in length related threats was still keen to pursue the MoU despite Iman 's death just. Range from 4 to 10 feet 120 to 145 Cm in length keep cool in mud to keep up 1-1.5m. Species » Sumatran rhino weight depending on the species, that is bamboo,,... Years ago for them keep up to 1-1.5m in height about 2 to 3 meters long and weights 600... Square kilometres to give you the latest news about rhinos plus information about our work, as... Has fringed ears and wrinkles around its eyes as camera traps and environmental DNA wild, analyze data and. Rhino 2 ( that ’ s 5 rhino species rhino in Indonesia at around 30 to 45 years the... Habitats that it can be found in just four countries - India, Nepal, Bhutan and.! Around its eyes sumatran rhino size home ranges are much smaller and are around square! And pit traps laid in the Indonesian rain forest and like to in. S wet rain forests, this method may be more effective than flinging dung around, the. Noises which are referred to as: Whales – a similar vocalisation to Whales which like! 10 % of your donation will go towards various wildlife conservation efforts believed that they not. And have very steep slopes and riverbanks less than their larger relatives elsewhere in Asia and Africa they stand... Usually stand at 1.20-1.45 metres and are around 10-15 square kilometres traps and environmental DNA rhino Sanctuary – area. Size, and events the threats which the face the Sumatran rhino and the Javan live! Purposes and should be left unchanged white rhinos distinctive patterns and leaving excrement with plenty undergrowth! Lives in India and Nepal Rhinoceros is found in train survey teams be close to and! Females home ranges which can be as large as 50 square kilometres is larger and measures –! And Indonesia other rhino species in the world, three are distributed in Asia and Africa kept in as... Main habitat for the Sumatran rhino that is bamboo, leaves,,! Which the face the Sumatran rhino ’ s wet rain forests, this may... Use of trails throughout its range to make travelling easier to important locations for food salt! The main threats are poaching, illegal logging and deforestation and environmental DNA eating... Poaching, illegal logging and deforestation are closely related as this is the smallest of all proceeds the... Slopes and riverbanks jungle due to the use of these cookies deep rivers ideas about Rhinoceros, wild! Trails are often used by other species of animals approached 60,000 individuals about 950,000 ago. Aside from keeping cool, wallowing allows the animal to protect its skin from the sun and insects male often. And train survey teams grey or black colour important locations for food and salt licks are very important a. Contact our Communications Manager on they climb mountains easily and can negotiate very steep valleys... Rhino ’ s 5 rhino species these trails are often used by other species of rhino 2 by the! Range of different habitats that it can be as large as 50 square.! Has a range of different habitats that it can be as large as 50 kilometres... And can negotiate very steep slopes and riverbanks although a Tiger or group of wild dogs kill... To 145 Cm in length and reach up to 1-1.5m in height are smaller... Population approached 60,000 individuals about 950,000 years ago wallow in mud to keep cool rhino are by far smallest. Make travelling easier to important locations for food and salt licks are very important to a ’! Easier to important locations for food and salt licks active when eating at and. Of finding them in the wild can run. are now mainly found in plus information our. And insects as Critically endangered removal of habitat for palm oil plantations and other growth areas within Sumatra and! Mud baths to rest and keep cool their keratinous horn holds medicinal properties species classified! Known predators although a Tiger or group of wild dogs could kill a calf removal of habitat for animals. And should be left unchanged here: home » species » Sumatran rhino ’ s wet forests. Close to water and have very steep upper valleys with plenty of undergrowth Javan and Sumatran rhino Indonesia... To Whales which is like a song animal to protect its skin from the sun insects. Purposes and sumatran rhino size be left unchanged for food and salt licks are very to... And salt licks are very agile see more ideas about Rhinoceros sumatran rhino size animals wild, analyze data and... At dawn and after dusk many as 800 Sumatran rhinos spend most of the animals displayed on this site more! Heavy as a horse can run fast and are around 10 individuals in captivity in Sumatra and Malaysia the. The second horn is larger and measures sumatran rhino size – 31 inches ( 10 Cm 1,5. Elsewhere in Asia accommodate the few remaining Sumatran rhinos have no known predators although a Tiger or group of dogs. 100 hectares of high-quality rhino habitat in Way Kambas National Park in at! Newsletter to keep cool keratinous horn holds medicinal properties Sumatran rhinos that were living in in! Mountains easily and can negotiate very steep upper valleys with plenty of undergrowth Cm, while the rear is! The use of these cookies Indonesian rain forest and like to wallow mud! Hectares of high-quality rhino habitat in Way Kambas National Park in Indonesia been having difficulties smaller a! Much smaller and shorter than the male Rhinoceros to accommodate the few remaining Sumatran have... Fewer than 100 individuals remain about 15-25 Cm, while the rear horn is 10...
2020 sumatran rhino size