Of particular mention is the Jesup's milk-vetch, a federally-listed endangered species of which the only known occurrences are along the Connecticut River. Nicknamed "The Rose of New England" you can bet there's beauty to be found here. Over 3,000 refugees from the area were housed in Amherst College and the Massachusetts State Agricultural College (now UMass Amherst). You'll love the way history comes to life here. Several streams fit this description, and thus a boundary dispute led to the short-lived Indian Stream Republic, which existed from 1832 to 1835. This was to take advantage of the wartime demand.[36]. North Walpole, New Hampshire, contained twelve to eighteen saloons, patronized by the log drivers. [63], There are 12 species of fresh water mussels. The patent, however, had been physically lost, and the annexation was almost certainly illegal. Explore Willow Brook Park and Ragged Mountain Preserve or spend an afternoon at a historic home like the Kellogg-Eddy House or Stanley-Whitman House. [48] The river drops more than 2,480 feet (760 m) in elevation as it winds south to the border of Massachusetts where it sits 190 feet (58 m) above sea level. Connecticut River Towns: Chester CT to Haddam CT – Charming Towns Just Six Miles Apart. [16] Their culture was similar to the Pequots, as they had split off from them and become their rivals some time prior to European exploration of the area. Thank you! Taylor Ellis grew up in southern Connecticut. Men detailed to this work utilized Woodsville's saloons and red-light district. These river towns aren’t the only way you can catch peaceful water views. The broad, fertile Connecticut River Valley attracted agricultural settlers and colonial traders to Hartford, Springfield, and the surrounding region. As one of nine Councils of Governments (COGs) in Connecticut, RiverCOG is an extension of the region’s city and towns, governed by the chief elected and executive officers of each member municipality, and providing shared regional services under municipal direction. 1636). Due to the presence of large, shifting sandbars at its mouth, the Connecticut is the only major river in the Northeastern United States without a port at its mouth.[56]. ... the Abenaki living on its banks and to the colonial settlements whose architecture can still be seen in many of the Connecticut River Valley’s villages and towns. For decades, Springfield remained the Massachusetts Bay Colony's westernmost settlement, on the northern border of the Connecticut Colony. The River Gods. Since then, the river has been restored from Class D to Class B (fishable and swimmable). Price New from Used from Kindle "Please retry" $0.99 — — Hardcover "Please retry" $29.95 . [65][66][67], The mouth of the river up to Essex is thought to be one of the busiest stretches of waterway in Connecticut. Four separate Puritan-led groups also settled the fertile Connecticut River Valley, and they founded the two large cities that continue to dominate the Valley: Hartford (est. Hear the morning chirps of birds and feel the light breeze upon your face as you stroll down main streets and over bridges in these quaint New England river towns. ", "Connecticut River Estuary and Tidal River Wetlands Complex", "Event: Source To Sea Cleanup To Benefit 410 Miles of Connecticut River — Courant.com – CT Environmental Headlines", "THEATER; The Industrialization of the Great River, New England's Longest", https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b53089800t/f1.item, https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b5905631t/f1.item, "Full text of "Indian place names of New England, "Why did settlers come to New Hampshire and Vermont, and where did they come from? It is home to many wildlife species, including peregrine falcon, osprey, bobcat, bald eagle and moose as well as offering excellent fishing. Regions Much of the beginning of the river's course in the town of Pittsburg is occupied by the Connecticut Lakes, which contain lake trout and landlocked salmon. ", Society for the Protection of New Hampshire Forests, List of populated places on the Connecticut River, List of crossings of the Connecticut River, "With Cooler Water, Better Prospects for Shad Migration? A treaty moved the boundary westward between the Connecticut Colony and New Netherland Colony to a point near Greenwich, Connecticut. This station publishes annual statistics of the run, and has recorded an occasional salmon. 0 Reviews . The village of South Hadley Falls was essentially destroyed, and the southern parts of Holyoke were severely damaged, with 500 refugees. Two million residents live in the densely populated Hartford-Springfield region, which stretches roughly between the college towns of Amherst, Massachusetts, and Middletown, Connecticut. When the water receded, it left behind silt-caused mud which in places was 3 feet (1 m) thick; the recovery effort in Springfield, at the height of the American Great Depression, took approximately a decade. The Connecticut River is the longest river in New England. Visit the friendly town of Berlin in the Connecticut River Valley for outdoor recreation and local history. Many of the River Gods already had standing and wealth when they arrived in the Connecticut River Valley. [35], Starting about 1865,[36] the river was used for massive logging drives from Third Connecticut Lake to initially water powered sawmills near Enfield Falls. This results in a large sandbar near the river's mouth which is a formidable obstacle to navigation. So it’s no surprise that so many of the region’s early European settlers arrived by sea. American eels are also present, as are predators of these migratory fish including striped bass. Middletown. [28] New York protested these grants, and King George III decided in 1764 that the border between the provinces should be the western bank of the Connecticut River. [62], The Connecticut River and its many tributaries are home to many typical New England fresh water species. [24] Shortly after Hooker's arrival, Newtowne annexed Matianuck based on laws articulated in Connecticut's settlement charter, the Warwick Patent of 1631. [53] In the Middle Connecticut region, the river reaches its maximum depth – 130 feet (40 m) – at Gill, Massachusetts, around the French King Bridge, and its maximum width – 2,100 feet (640 m) – at Longmeadow, directly across from the Six Flags New England amusement park. "[33], The Enfield Falls Canal was opened in 1829 to circumvent shallows around Enfield Falls, and the locks built for this canal gave their name to the town of Windsor Locks, Connecticut. Its historic district offers shopping and a look at the state's past. [31] Boundary disputes between Vermont and New Hampshire lasted for nearly 150 years and were finally settled in 1933, when the U.S. Supreme Court reaffirmed King George's boundary as the ordinary low-water mark on the Vermont shore. [19][20] The region stretching from Springfield north to the New Hampshire and Vermont state borders fostered many agricultural Pocomtuc and Nipmuc settlements, with its soil enhanced by sedimentary deposits. This town sits on the mouth of the Connecticut River and is also coastal. The Upper Connecticut River Valley extends from Brattleboro, VT, in the south to Woodsville, NH, in the north, and includes towns on both banks. Connecticut River Valley Towns; Interesting Historical Notes Connecticut And Beyond; Webb-Deane-Stevens Museum; Old Sturbridge Village; Links To Shoreline Towns; Links To Towns In Greater Hartford; Nathan Hale Homestead; Mystic Seaport; Links To Towns In Litchfield Area; Testimonials; CT Trust for Historic Preservation Landlocked salmon make their way into the river during spring spawning runs of bait fish and during their fall spawn. It features the Knowledge Corridor region surrounding the Connecticut River's two largest cities, Springfield (Massachusetts) and Hartford. Across the northeast, over 430,000 people were made homeless or destitute by flooding that year. The Nature Conservancy named the Connecticut River's tidelands one of the Western Hemisphere's "40 Last Great Places", while the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands listed its estuary and tidal wetlands as one of 1,759 wetlands of international importance. Prosperity. In Springfield, Massachusetts, 5 sq mi (13 km2), and 18 miles (29 km) of streets, were flooded, and 20,000 people lost their homes. Designated the “long tidal river” by the Algonquian peoples of southern New England, it stretches over 410 miles and passes through four states—starting at the northern tip of New Hampshire along the Quebec border and passing through Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut on its way to Long Island Sound. [69], Camping is available along much of the river, for non-motorized boats, via the Connecticut River Paddlers' Trail. The Connecticut River carries a heavy amount of silt from as far north as Quebec, especially during the spring snow melt. Connecticut River Valley CT River Valley is in the New England states of Connecticut , Massachusetts , New Hampshire and Vermont , in the US. The Connecticut River Valley's central location, fertile soil, and abundant natural resources made it the target of centuries of border disputes, beginning with Springfield's defection from the Connecticut Colony in 1641, which brought the Massachusetts Bay Colony to the river. In addition, Interstate 91, whose route largely follows the river, crosses it twice – once in Connecticut and once in Massachusetts. Eight of the 12 species in the watershed are listed as endangered, threatened, or of special concern in one or more of the states in the watershed. You'll find plenty of things to do, including some pretty scrumptious dining options. [39] These spring drives were stopped after 1915, when pleasure boat owners complained about the hazards to navigation. All Aboard the Hues Cruise Connecticut’s Lower Connecticut River Valley | Late Peak. [71][72] Many towns along the Lower Connecticut River have enacted a cap on further development along the banks, so that no buildings may be constructed except on existing foundations. You’ll find links to bike maps in … Historic Towns of the Connecticut River Valley [26] It was initially named Agawam Plantation and was allied with the settlements to the south that became the state of Connecticut, but it switched allegiances in 1641 and was renamed Springfield in honor of Pynchon's native town in England.[26]. In response, the Massachusetts Bay Colony solidified its friendship with Springfield by levying a toll on Connecticut Colony ships entering Boston Harbor. From art vendors to tiny fairy doors, there's always something happening in this town. The American Red Cross and local, state and Federal agencies, including the WPA and the CCC, contributed aid and manpower to the effort. Hartford, the Connecticut River's second largest city and only state capital, is at the southern end of this region on an ancient floodplain that stretches to Middletown. If you want to hang out along the Connecticut River but prefer city vibes, this is a great middle ground. [36] A final pulp drive consisted of 100,000 cords of four-foot logs in 1918. If you're looking for peace and quiet you can escape here for the afternoon and enjoy a picnic or a lazy stroll. Opt for the downtown area or choose a park instead. [34] The Connecticut River Valley functioned as America's hub of technical innovation into the 20th century, particularly the cities of Springfield and Hartford, and thus attracted numerous railroad lines. From the late 1800s until today, it has functioned largely as a center of wildlife and recreation. [4] Its watershed encompasses 11,260 square miles (29,200 km2), covering parts of five U.S. states and one Canadian province, via 148 tributaries, 38 of which are major rivers. [5] Among the most extensively dammed rivers in the United States, the Connecticut may soon flow at a more natural pace, according to scientists at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, who have devised a computer that – "in an effort to balance human and natural needs" – coordinates the holding and releasing of water between the river's 54 largest dams. Several major transportation corridors cross the river including Amtrak's Northeast Corridor, Interstate 95 (Connecticut Turnpike), Interstate 90 (Massachusetts Turnpike), Interstate 89, Interstate 93, and Interstate 84. Visit This Secret Connecticut River Town When You Need To Escape From It All. The northern end of the Knowledge Corridor by Northampton and Amherst is a mix of urban and rural, featuring several prominent college towns. It's also home to the longest green, making it the perfect place for a downtown stroll. Springfield Settlement Driven by William Pynchon 1860. See sites of shipbuilding and mills as you walk along the river. They later merged with members of other Algonquin tribes displaced by wars and famines. Information concerning how these tribes lived and interacted stems mostly from English accounts written during the 1630s. [8] The word came into English during the early 1600s to name the river, which was also called simply "The Great River". Publication date c1906 Topics Connecticut River Valley -- History Publisher Schenectady, N.Y. : Robson & Adee Collection newyorkpubliclibrary; americana Digitizing sponsor MSN Contributor New York Public Library Language English. It features the Knowledge Corridor region surrounding the Connecticut River's two largest cities, Springfield (Massachusetts) and Hartford. Its watershed spans Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont, small portions of Maine, and the Canadian province of Quebec. [60] Additionally, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service has repopulated the river with another species of migratory fish, the Atlantic salmon, which for more than 200 years had been extinct from the river due to damming. [14] The Mattabesset (Tunxis) tribe takes its name from the place where its sachems ruled at the Connecticut River's Big Bend at Middletown, in a village sandwiched between the territories of the aggressive Pequots to the south and the more peaceable Mohegans to the north. Not only does this town sit on the Connecticut River, but it also includes the Wethersfield Cove, a natural inlet of the river. It flows through the remaining Connecticut Lakes and Lake Francis for 14 miles (23 km), all within the town of Pittsburg, and then widens as it delineates 255 miles (410 km) of the border between New Hampshire and Vermont. The upper Pioneer Valley region includes the smaller cities of Northampton and Greenfield, the county seats of Ham… Connecticut’s Largest Chocolate Retailer, Munson’s, Has Sold Delicious Treats Since 1946, A Cozy Bake Shop In Connecticut, Leisha’s Bakeria Serves Scrumptious Breakfast Sandwiches, For Over 40 Years, Mancuso’s Restaurant Has Served Authentic Italian Food In Connecticut, Home To An Impressive Oyster Bar, Water Street Cafe Is A Delicious Connecticut Gem, The Shoreline Road Trip In Connecticut That Takes You Through The Most Charming Coastal Towns, The Quiet Fishing Town In Connecticut That Seems Frozen In Time, The Tiny Beach Town In Connecticut You’ve Never Heard Of But Need To Visit, Journey To The Last Town In Connecticut For A Magical Day Trip, 10 Charming River Towns In Connecticut To Visit This Spring, Six Connecticut Restaurants Right On The River That You’re Guaranteed To Love. [16] The agricultural Pocomtuc tribe lived in unfortified villages alongside the Connecticut River north of the Enfield Falls on the fertile stretch of hills and meadows surrounding Springfield, Massachusetts. [5][6], The Connecticut River Valley is home to some of the northeastern United States' most productive farmland, as well as a metropolitan region of approximately two million people surrounding Springfield, Massachusetts, and Hartford, Connecticut. Several log drivers died trying to move logs through Perry Falls in Pittsburg. You decide! The lower Pioneer Valley corresponds to the Springfield, Massachusetts metropolitan area, the region's urban center, and the seat of Hampden County. [12] See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. If you want to hang out along the Connecticut River but prefer city vibes, this is a great middle ground. The Connecticut River Valley is mostly urban in the Knowledge Corridor region surrounding the cities of Springfield and Hartford (the two of which lie only 24 mi apart). [9], Early spellings of the name by European explorers included "Cannitticutt" in French[10] or in English. [13], The Pequots dominated a territory in the southern region of the Connecticut River valley, stretching roughly from the river's mouth at Old Saybrook, Connecticut north to just below the Big Bend at Middletown. It is the flow of people, commerce and culture that has characterized the history of the river… Pynchon surmised that traders using any of these routes would have to dock and change ships at his site, thereby granting the settlement a commercial advantage. The Connecticut River is the largest river ecosystem in New England. [11], Archaeological digs reveal human habitation of the Connecticut River Valley for 6,000 years before present. The Lower Connecticut River Valley Council Of Governments (RiverCOG ) has seventeen member towns including Chester, Clinton, Cromwell, Deep River, Durham, East Haddam, East Hampton, Essex, Haddam, Killingworth, Lyme, Middlefield, Middletown, Old Lyme, Old Saybrook, Portland and Westbrook.Four of the member towns directly front Long Island Sound while twelve directly front the Connecticut River. Men guided logs through a 400-foot (120 m) drop along the length of Fifteen-Mile Falls[36] (now submerged under Moore and Comerford reservoirs), and through Logan's Rips at Fitzdale, Mulligan's Lower Pitch, and Seven Islands. Throughout southern Connecticut, the Connecticut passes through a thinly populated, hilly, wooded region before again widening and discharging into Long Island Sound between Old Saybrook and Old Lyme. [27], Vermont was claimed by both New Hampshire and New York, and was settled primarily through the issuance of land grants by New Hampshire Governor Benning Wentworth beginning in the 1740s. 10 Charming River Towns In Connecticut To Visit This Spring 1. Historic Towns of the Connecticut River Valley [Roberts, George S. 1860-] on Amazon.com. This is one river town you absolutely don't want to miss. The Connecticut River is influenced by the tides as far north as Enfield Rapids in Windsor Locks, Connecticut, approximately 58 miles (93 km) north of the river's mouth. The nuclear plant was closed at the end of 2014, and the shad population increased. [38] Mount Tom was the landmark the log drivers used to gauge the distance to the final mills near Holyoke, Massachusetts. Enter your e-mail address for things to do, restaurants to try and much more! Deeper areas are habitat for a diversity of colonial organisms including bryozoa. The Connecticut River is a barrier to travel between western and eastern New England. The exact definition of the region varies, but it generally is considered to extend south to Windsor, Vermont and Cornish, New Hampshire, and north to Bradford, Vermont and Piermont, New Hampshire. Shad run as far north as Holyoke, Massachusetts where they are lifted over the Holyoke Dam by a fish elevator. Robson & Adee, 1906 - Connecticut River Valley - 494 pages. The Connecticut River Valley supports a rich and diverse selection of plant communities as well. The Connecticut's water power led to the rise of industrial cities along the river in the 19th cent., and the valley became a manufacturing region; large centers include Holyoke and Springfield, Mass., and Windsor, Conn. Several hydroelectric and nuclear facilities also lie along the river. Mussels, eels, and northern pike were also observed there. It was also known as the Fresh River, and the Dutch called it the Verse River. After Springfield broke ties with the Colony, the remaining Connecticut settlements demanded that Springfield's ships pay tolls when passing the mouth of the river. They warred with and attempted to subjugate neighboring agricultural tribes such as the Western Niantics, while maintaining an uneasy stand-off with their rivals the Mohegans. In May 2012, the Connecticut River was designated America's first National Blueway in recognition of the restoration and preservation efforts on the river. Overall, the flood caused 171 deaths and US$500 million (US$9,200,000,000 with inflation[42]) in damages. Lakes were aflame with combustible chemicals and sewage, toilets flushed directly into rivers and the Connecticut River Valley was loosing one of its most recognizable inhabitants – the Bald Eagle. The Quinebaug River forms the western border of this quaint, quiet corner town. Occasionally, these villages endured invasions from more aggressive confederated tribes living in New York, such as the Mohawk, Mahican, and Iroquois tribes. A group left the Massachusetts Bay Colony from Watertown, seeking a site where they could practice their religion more freely. His scouts located the Pocumtuc village of Agawam, where the Bay Path trade route crossed the Connecticut River at two of its major tributaries—the Chicopee River to the east and Westfield River to the west—and just north of Enfield Falls, the river's first unnavigable waterfall. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. She is a social boss who has worked with several major sites and brands. If you love the arts this is a great place to get inspired and meet like-minded people. If you want a place with lots of family friendly activities, this is it. 3. [25], The fourth English settlement along the Connecticut River came out of a 1635 scouting party commissioned by William Pynchon to find the most advantageous site for commerce and agriculture, hoping to found a city there. You'll receive your first newsletter soon! Species diversity is higher in the southern part of the watershed (Connecticut and Massachusetts) than in the northern part (Vermont and New Hampshire), largely due to differences in stream gradient and substrate. $29.95: $59.57: Paperback Love Connecticut? Fresh and brackish water residents of the main branch and tributaries include common carp, white catfish, brown bullhead, fallfish, yellow perch, smallmouth bass, largemouth bass, northern pike, chain pickerel, bluegill, pumpkinseed sunfish, golden shiner, and rock bass.[61]. The river has long been an important byway for explorers and traders. In some places, the state line is now inundated by the impoundments of dams built after this time.[32]. [57] In 1997, the Connecticut River was designated one of only 14 American Heritage Rivers, which recognized its "distinctive natural, economic, agricultural, scenic, historic, cultural, and recreational qualities." [64] Eleven of them occur in the mainstem of the Connecticut; the brook floater is found only in small streams and rivers. A log boom was built between Wells River, Vermont, and Woodsville, New Hampshire, to hold the logs briefly and release them gradually to avoid jams in the Ox Bow. Follow her at taylorellisblogger.com. By 1654, however, the success of these English settlements rendered the Dutch position untenable on the Connecticut River. [52], Following the most recent ice age, the Middle Connecticut River Valley sat at the bottom of Lake Hitchcock. [29] Ethan Allen, the Green Mountain Boys, and other residents of the disputed area resisted attempts by New York to exercise authority there, which resulted in the establishment of the independent Vermont Republic in 1777[30] and its eventual accession to the United States in 1791 as the fourteenth state. Even now, the Connecticut River Valley continues to draw Indigenous people from the region and far beyond and feeds many people from its … Connecticut River, longest stream in New England, rising in the Connecticut lakes in northern New Hampshire, U.S. After flowing about 9 miles (14 km) through New Hampshire, it moves roughly southwestward and forms the border between New Hampshire and Vermont for … The Treaty of Paris (1783) that ended the American Revolutionary War created a new international border between New Hampshire and the Province of Canada at "northwesternmost headwaters of the Connecticut". Fish ladders constructed since the first fish passage in 1980 at Turners Falls, have enabled migrating fish to return to some of their former spawning grounds. ", "Environment & Geography: Written in the Rocks and Sand", "Connecticut River Flood Control Compact", "Designated Rivers: The Connecticut River", "State officials to perambulate the border between N.H. and Vermont (symbolically, that is)", "Upper Valley Bi-State Regional Chamber of Commerce", "171,000-Acre CT Headwaters Now Protected (NH)", "Geological History of the Connecticut River Valley", "Stop 1-7B: Abyssal Depths in Turner's Falls Area, French King Bridge", "Type 6 Conservation Site – Connecticut River Estuary", "Connecticut River May Soon Flow Freely Again", "21 New England municipal electric utilities make historic hydropower purchase commitment", "Fisheries Program - Northeast Region – U.S. Mix of urban and rural, featuring several prominent College Towns twelve to eighteen saloons, patronized by the.. 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