A contemporary investigation determined that it was the result of badly deteriorated chemicals in her torpedo warheads, though the naval historian René Greger reports that a mine was actually to blame. ZARA was the lead ship of 4 Zara class italian cruisers. Sep 23, 2019 - Italian heavy cruiser "Fiume" was a Zara class cruiser. There were only two 113 kg (250 lb) bombs, launched at low altitude, but they pierced the hull and almost sank the ship. During World War I, all three vessels were used as guard ships, but none saw action. Among their numbers were the ships Zara, Fiume, Pola, and Gorizia. HMAS Hobart took part in the East African Campaign, B… ザラ級重巡、ザラ! 抜錨します! 艦隊前に、行きます! Joining the Fleet Play: Tenaciously! Turrets and barbettes were as well protected by over 100 mm armour. The British battleships quickly sank all three Italian cruisers and two of their escorting destroyers in a one-sided gunfight, the only reaction being the aimless fire of a 40mm AA cannon from the already wrecked Zara. This was particularly important as Italy's battleships were obsolete, and the new cruisers were needed to lead the Italian fleet. [9][10], The ships' gun armament consisted of four 9-centimeter (3.5 in) 24-caliber (cal.) [6] As a result of her different hull, Sebenico is sometimes not included in the Zara class. To install click the Add extension button. [18] During the blockade, Sebenico stopped and sank a Greek vessel trying to break the blockade. Zara-class heavy cruiser "Zara", weigh anchor! Formaban esta clase los buques: Zara… That's it. After repairs were effected, she joined the harbor defense at Pola. Zara-class heavy cruiser, Zara! Media in category "Zara class cruiser" The following 5 files are in this category, out of 5 total. R.N. You could also do … The changes made to Sebenico during construction were meant to address the problem, but she was unable to reach her design speed either. Trentos had sacrificed armor for speed, allowing them to make high-speed dashes up and down the long Italian coastline, which would otherwise be difficult to defend from Italy's widely separated naval bases. In 1897, Spalato became assigned to the artillery school, while Zara was recommissioned for use in the torpedo school. [2][3], The Schiffbau-Kommission recommended building a ship with heavy armor to protect it from enemy fire, one or two 10-centimeter (3.9 in) guns in the bow, deck-mounted launchers for the Whitehead torpedoes, and towed torpedoes to be used defensively against ramming. The ship differed favorably from most contemporary counterparts by her good armor protection and overall well-balanced characteristics, but most of all, by her armament and speed. All three Zara-class ships were protected with a thin 19 mm (0.75 in) armored deck. To achieve this, the Zaras were almost 2000 t (at standard displacement) over the 10,000 ton limit,[3] even if fully loaded (because the modest amount of the fuel load) they displaced no more than, for example, British heavy cruisers. The meeting concluded with the consensus that the new vessel should be built as a purely torpedo-armed vessel, with no armor and no heavy guns. As a result, it was decided to base a new design on the Trento, but with speed sacrificed to improve protection. [13] In 1897, Spalato received a wide variety of guns so she could be used with the artillery training school. Sebenico was withdrawn from guard duties in 1918 and assigned to the torpedo school. They argued that an attempt to build what they described as a "universal battle-ship" (i.e., the Schiffbau-Kommission's first proposal) was ill-advised, since torpedoes were still in the developmental phase and a vessel of that type would be expensive and risky, considering the limited budgets of the time. The Artillerie-Kommission proposed a smaller design with sufficient armor and a high speed but no guns. Even a won battle might seriously deplete Italian naval strength, something they were not prepared to address through sheer numbers. guns, and one 37 mm gun. gun, two 15 cm (5.9 in) 26-cal. gun, and two 37 mm (1.5 in) guns; two of the 9 cm guns were removed to make room. [10], The ships were modified extensively in an attempt to rectify their machinery problems. As a result, they spent most of the 1880s and 1890s laid up, being reactivated briefly for training exercises. The torpedo tubes were located singly, two in the bow and at either beam in deck-mounted launchers. The Genova-class was a class of Italian Heavy Cruiser, compromising 2 ships, the Regina Marina Genova, and the Spanish Galicia. Despite the heavier armor, the Zara class ships were still respectably fast at 32 knots. The Zara-class cruisers were developed to meet an Italian Navy requirement for a more heavily armoured class of cruisers than the previous fast, but lightly armoured Trento-class. Gorizia survived until she was taken over by the Germans after Italy left the war in 1943. Background on Zara Class Cruisers. [citation needed] Four ships of the class were completed, Zara, Fiume, Pola and Gorizia, all of which saw extensive service during the war. This made the Zaras the best armoured cruisers until the introduction of the Des Moines-class. Cruiser Zara-class, Pola type. The others ships were called FIUME, GORIZIA and POLA. The class comprised the vessels Zara, Fiume, Gorizia, and Pola, the last of which was completed to a slightly different design. Zara — Italian Tier VII cruiser.. During the pre-war period, she was one of the best heavy cruisers in the world. The ships were recreated in detail with CGI animation technology. The Zara class was a class of three torpedo cruisers built for the Austro-Hungarian Navy in the late 1870s and early 1880s; they were the first large torpedo-armed warships built by Austria-Hungary. #ShipTrivia RM Pola ( Zara-class Heavy Cruiser ) Pola adalah flags... hip dari Zara-class cruisers. Fiume Heavy Cruiser, Zara Class Tauro Model 1:400 201 + Actions Stash. During the late 1930s, the … Despite the lengthy design process, the ships proved to be failures in service, primarily as a result of their low speed. The first two ships were armed with deck-mounted torpedo tubes, while Sebenico received an experimental tube in her bow, submerged below the waterline. Pöck pointed out that the ship should not include heavy guns, and that two 12 cm (4.7 in) guns without armor would be sufficient; the only armor the ship was to have was a curved protective deck. Spalato reached a speed of 12.63 knots (23.39 km/h; 14.53 mph) from 1,370 PS (1,350 ihp), while Sebenico made 12.81 knots (23.72 km/h; 14.74 mph) from 1,598 PS (1,576 ihp). guns, two 37 mm autocannon, and two 8 mm (0.31 in) machine guns. [17] That year, Sebenico took part in the only significant period of fleet service, when she was sent to the island of Crete to participate in an international naval demonstration during Greco-Turkish War. [3] This additional armour would have made the ships decidedly nose-heavy, so to offset this the rear of the ship was raised by one deck behind the front funnel. 1 Basic 2 Upgrade 3 Second Upgrade 4 Quotes 4.1 Hourly Notifications (Kai) 4.2 Seasonal Quotes 5 Notes 6 Trivia 7 CG 8 See Also Zara Zara Class Heavy Cruiser Statistics HP 42 (44) Firepower 36 (58) Armor 36 (54) Torpedo 0 (28) Evasion 33 (59) AA 18 (62) Aircraft 6 ASW 0 Speed Fast LOS 10 (36) Range Long Luck 10 (48) Resource Consumption Fuel 45 Ammo 60 Build Time … The class comprised three ships, Zara, Spalato, and Sebenico; the last vessel was built to a slightly different design, and is sometimes not counted as a member of the class. At some point before 1914, she also received a 10 cm (3.9 in) gun. Discover (and save!) 199x | New tool + Actions Stash. However, overall anti-aircraft performance was not good, due to the slow tracking process and an inadequate fire control system, although the weapons were acceptable. Dibangun sebagai flagship artinya dia dibangun dengan bridge structure yang lebih bulky jika dibandingkan dengan saudaranya. The Zaras were essentially an improved Trento class tasked with dealing with the latest French designs. She shared the light construction of her sisters and the improved technology of the Zaras. Dibangun sebagai flagship artinya dia dibangun dengan bridge structure yang lebih bulky jika dibandingkan dengan saudaranya. The solution was a new design, one combining the armament of the Trentos with the armour needed to protect them from similar French designs. In general, in order to be effective, armour should be roughly the same thickness as the diameter of the shells fired against it. guns, along with her two bow torpedo tubes. [11][17], Torpedo cruiser class of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zara-class_cruiser_(1879)&oldid=1007714382, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 February 2021, at 15:22. The Zara class was a group of four heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) in the late 1920s and the early 1930s. The secondary armament was superior as well, compared to the standard of those times: sixteen Škoda Model 1910[5] 100 mm/L50 guns were fitted in eight dual turrets, four on each side, again following a scheme similar to a small battleship. Obsolete, and the Spanish Galicia reactivated briefly for training exercises Adriatic Campaign were in... Less on other areas of the German torpedo warfare arm cruiser.. during Second! Structure was nearly identical to the artillery training school significant service with the last of the British-built torpedo-aviso Zieten! 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