process of putting information into a geographic information system (GIS). having to do with numbers (or digits), often in a format used by computers. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. GIS can use any information that includes location. person who plans the building of things, such as structures (construction engineer) or substances (chemical engineer). This process used zinc plates to draft different layers of a map, and a large-process camera to combine the layers into a single image. They can use satellite data to study topics such as the advance and retreat of ice cover in polar regions, and how that coverage has changed through time. Illustration courtesy U.S. Government Accountability Office. photographs of a planet taken by or from a satellite. information gained from precisely measuring the surface of the land. Vector formats are polygons that use points (called nodes) and lines. Once all the desired data have been entered into a GIS system, they can be combined to produce a wide variety of individual maps, depending on which data layers are included. Connecting geographic concepts and processes to real-life scenarios. a crack in the Earth's crust where there has been movement. Get inspired by modern-day explorers from across a range of disciplines. Geography - Geography - Human geography as locational analysis: In human geography, the new approach became known as “locational” or “spatial analysis” or, to some, “spatial science.” It focused on spatial organization, and its key concepts were embedded into the functional region—the tributary area of a major node, whether a port, a market town, or a city shopping centre. Unit 1: Thinking Geographically Geographic and Spatial Information Latitude: Measurement of distance Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service. an area within a larger city or town where people live and interact with one another. Medical or health geography is the application of geographical information, perspectives, and methods to the study of health, disease, and health care. Finally, a sense of place is the emotions someone attaches to an area based on their experiences. Additionally, due to globalization, place can change over time as its physical setting and cultures are influenced by new ideas or technologies. Check out these resources from partners to help you in preparing and teaching your AP Human Geography course. Explore how they show up in various landscapes. (zone improvement plan) series of numbers used to help locate an address for mail delivery. land that rises above its surroundings and has a rounded summit, usually less than 300 meters (1,000 feet). Using diverse data capture, the linear network of a river may be mapped on a GIS to indicate the stream flow of different tributaries. Code of Ethics. US Energy Mapping System: Unit III: Cities and Urban Land Use Unit III Course Schedule. horizontal and vertical lines used to locate objects in relation to one another on a map. geographic area whose schools are managed by one administration. Help your students understand demographics with these classroom resources. Also called a transmission line. Geographic Information System (GIS) A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data. GIS allows multiple layers of information to be displayed on a single map. People working in many different fields use GIS technology. Terms of Service |  • A map can be created by asking the computer to retrieve a number of stored objects and combine them to form an image. system to empty streets of excess rainwater. CREATE AN ACCOUNT Create Tests & Flashcards. With GIS technology, people can compare the locations of different things in order to discover how they relate to each other. unmanned aircraft that can be guided remotely. one or more buildings used for the manufacture of a product. steady, predictable flow of fluid within a larger body of that fluid. It can include information about the landscape, such as the location of streams, different kinds of vegetation, and different kinds of soil. the science of using tools and complex machines to make human life easier or more profitable. On this page, selected resources from the National Geographic Education website are organized under topic headings used to teach the course. A scale is the relationship between the distance on a map and the actual distance on Earth. This is useful, for example, to geologists studying earthquake faults. Economic geography examines relationships between human economic systems, states, and other factors, and the biophysical environment.. Subfields include: Marketing geography and Transportation geography Health. Vector formats are useful for storing GIS data with firm borders, such as school districts or streets. For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. Infant mortality varies widely around the world and is affected by complex real-world characteristics. AP Human Geography: Introduction to Geography, Network of Alliances for Geographic Education. AP Human Geography Semester Exam DRAFT. a form of energy that is transferred by a difference in temperature. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. Geographic Information System - a computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic … Intro Parts taken from the 2012 AP Princeton Review Human Geography SPACE AND PLACE Space refers to the geometric surface of the earth Place is an area of bounded space that is viewed as significant When this is recognized, we normally assign a toponym (place name) Places change over time Sequent occupancy- the succession of groups and cultural … GIS technology can be used for scientific investigations, resource management, and development planning. top layer of the Earth's surface where plants can grow. Photo interpretation involves analyzing aerial photographs and assessing the features that appear. general way a specific population votes in political elections. 0. and human geography and for development of geography of crime or “crime geography” since the 70ties in the 20th century [2]. having the appearance of width, height, and depth. vast, worldwide system of linked computers and computer networks. movement of a group of people or animals from one place to another. network of cables or other devices through which electricity is delivered to consumers. 0% average accuracy. This video goes over everything you need to know about the different types of diffusion. ... Wednesday: Geographic Information Systems - Geographic Information Systems Ted Talk ... AP Human Geography Syllabus 2014-2015: File Size: 291 kb: File Type: pdf: Download File. Remote sensing provides another tool that can be integrated into a GIS. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. The infant mortality rate is a key demographic indicator that can be used to assess social, economic, and other conditions at multiple geographic scales. 4 Diagnostic Tests 225 Practice Tests Question of the Day Flashcards Learn by Concept. Place can be applied at any scale and does not necessarily have to be fixed in either time or space. path, usually paved, for vehicles to travel. CREATE AN ACCOUNT Create Tests & Flashcards. Maps don’t just help us get from place to place. introduction of harmful materials into the environment. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) ... intellectual constructs to help us understand the nature and distribution of phenomena in human geography. Engineers use GIS technology to support the design, implementation, and management of communication networks for the phones we use, as well as the infrastructure necessary for internet connectivity. position of a particular point on the surface of the Earth. photographing of a slow and continuous process at regular intervals, for projection at a higher speed. Many different types of information can be compared and contrasted using GIS. Neogeography may describe projects as varied as the massive collaborative effort of OpenStreetMap and auto-generated location tags in social media. It is an excellent course for preparing students to become geo-literate youth and adults. Use this collection to provide learners with a deeper understanding of the nature and importance of maps, which have been illustrating places and people for thousands of years. Also called an electrical grid. This skips the traditional process of drawing a map, which can be time-consuming and expensive. AP Human Geography. GIS applications include both hardware and software systems. City, state, or federal officials use GIS to help plan their response in the case of a natural disaster such as an earthquake or hurricane. For example, a user might click on a school to find how many students are enrolled, how many students there are per teacher, or what sports facilities the school has. © 1996 - 2020 National Geographic Society. Any GIS data layer can be added or subtracted to the same map. National Geographic Headquarters What information does this map provide? This map provides the information of the senior population of North America. Search through these resources to discover more about unique landforms and landscapes around the world. The Advanced Placement Human Geography (APHG) course introduces students to the systematic study of patterns and processes that have shaped human understanding, use, and alteration of Earth's surface. Leveled by. According to the scale, the areas in colored red represent the areas that have more than 10% seniors. any system for capturing, storing, checking, and displaying data related to positions on the Earth's surface. Visit the magazine website for the latest stories and interactives. A person can point to a spot on a digital map to find other information stored in the GIS about that location. A geographic information system (GIS) is a computer system for capturing, storing, checking, and displaying data related to positions on Earth’s surface. © 1996 - 2020 National Geographic Society. Join our community of educators and receive the latest information on National Geographic's resources for you and your students. These applications may include cartographic data, photographic data, digital data, or data in spreadsheets. Scientists employ the data to answer research questions, and marketing teams use it for advertising purposes. Geographic Information Systems can visualize spatial information , It has the power to create the maps with the images shown , It can be used for a vast range of tasks involving geography , It can provide the solutions for the problems and it can model seismic activity precisely . Chapter 1: Basic Concepts (Unit I: Geography: Its Nature and Perspective) Chapter Outline. CREATE AN ACCOUNT Create Tests & Flashcards. A geographic information system (GIS) is a computer system for capturing, storing, checking, and displaying data related to positions on Earth’s surface. Satellites can be natural, like moons, or made by people. Such a map would help people determine where water supplies are most at risk. Geographic information system (GIS) technology can be used for scientific investigations, resource management, and development planning. information used to pose, analyze, and resolve problems about the Earth's surface that reflect environmental and human processes. GIS technology allows all these different types of information, no matter their source or original format, to be overlaid on top of one another on a single map. ecosystem filled with trees and underbrush. Neogeography is a controversial term that often describes user-generated location data or “citizen geographer” platforms. area of land covered by shallow water or saturated by water. Home Embed All AP Human Geography Resources . Geography, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Physical Geography, This lists the logos of programs or partners of NG Education which have provided or contributed the content on this page. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. When you cross the International Date … 3. Many retail businesses use GIS to help them determine where to locate a new store. Find National Geographic events in a city near you. A traditional divide: Human vs. 0 times. Description. It can include information about the sites of factories, farms, and schools, or storm drains, roads, and electric power lines. having to do with a nation's government (as opposed to local or regional government). land cultivated for crops, livestock, or both. Students employ spatial concepts and landscape analysis to examine human social organization and its environmental consequences. Yolanda Lee AP Human Geography Assignment: Part 1 1. They may also display land-use patterns, such as the location of parks and housing complexes. Landforms are natural and distinctive features. AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY NOTES. total number of people or organisms in a particular area. Different types of projections accomplish this task in different ways, but all result in some distortion. By relating seemingly unrelated data, GIS can help individuals and organizations better understand spatial patterns and relationships. 22473561: Global Positioning System (GPS) A system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and … For example, using GIS, a single map could include sites that produce pollution, such as factories, and sites that are sensitive to pollution, such as wetlands and rivers. the sudden shaking of Earth's crust caused by the release of energy along fault lines or from volcanic activity. Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography. Location is the position of a particular point on the surface of the Earth. AP Human Geography is an investigation of how the human species has populated the earth and developed different cultures, political systems, and means of production. Digital data can also be entered into GIS. 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