In general, however, the longer a child is able to learn in and through his or her mother tongue(s) the greater the educational benefits that can be expected. Regarding the use of the L1 in the L2 classroom, it is important to find out how students themselves feel about it. 60 0. 86 1. The Role of the Mother Tongue … 640 0. The Practice of English Language Teaching. In the past, the prevalence of grammar-translation method led to the extraordinary phenomenon: students were unable to speak fluently after having studied the language for a long time. 66 0. Being fluent in the mother tongue, which is also known as the native language, benefits the child in many ways. 45 2. The goals of this paper are, firstly, to examine students’ perceptions of the use of mother tongue and translation in learning English, and secondly, to describe the activities which raise learners’ awareness of language use. Mother tongue based multilingual education takes many forms and each school and each community should determine what works best for them. Numerous studies indicated that both negative and positive transfer between the L1 and L2 was important for development of the interlanguage, the complex system of the learners’ L2. The findings were processed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software. This paper has a two-fold purpose. Subjects were eighth grade students who had acquired a Heritage Language at home and who had enrolled in an English‐medium programme up to grade 4. ELT Journal 62 (4), 331-338. The less proficient learners of penitentiary law (PN) specialization require more reference to mother tongue – the Mean values of this group to the statements 1, 3, and 5 are higher. Cook, G. (2007). The ESL classroom cannot follow the motto “One nation, one people, one language”, a somewhat overrated statement since it implies that a classroom is a state. Children learn better in their mother tongue. esp-world. Mother tongue has potentially both positive and negative consequences: it may serve social and cognitive functions (Carless, 2008:331). 93 0. ROLE OF MOTHER TONGUE IN LEARNING ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES Galina Kavaliauskienė Mykolas Romeris University, Vilnius, Lithuania Abstract A revival of interest to using a mother tongue in the English classroom is stipulated by necessity to improve language accuracy, fluency and clarity. 1. Quite contrary to that, the L1, i. e. he mother tongue of the students, should by all means be acknowledged. 327 0. 822 0. 60 3. The weblog devoted to some plenary sessions of the IATEFL Conference, Aberdeen, 18-20 April 2007, summarizes the major ideas presented by a well known British linguist G. Cook (Cook, 2007 online): ‘The most important statement was the fact that English teachers tend to take a monolingual approach thus neglecting the importance of translation in the process of teaching English. In a steady process the students at different level foster linguistic, cultural and intellectual vigor. Another reason for L1 use in the classroom relates to the fostering of a positive affective environment. However good the students are at comprehending authentic reading or listening materials, the majority keeps mentally translating from L2 into L1 and vice versa. Student Use of the Mother Tongue in the Task-Based Classroom. Language Transfer. As a regular practice the teacher is seen as a model for correct speaking in class. The need for some translation in language learning is usually supported by non-native teachers. The activities of writing different types of summaries, e. g. restatement, descriptive summary or opinion essays, have also proved beneficial by allowing teachers to pin-point errors stemming from the mother tongue. The obtained data were statistically processed and interpreted. When challenged they find it difficult to. info and advanced level: in the advanced or final stage of language teaching, translation from L1 to L2 and L2 to L1 is recognized as the fifth skill and the most important social skill since it promotes communication and understanding between strangers’ (Ross, 2000:63). shtml Dornyei, Z. There were 641 respondents in this research. 118 0. Uncritical use of translation may give learners insufficient, confusing or even inaccurate information about target language. 424 0. Translation has been thought as uncommunicative, boring, pointless, difficult, and irrelevant. The importance is highlighted even more by the fact that the students’ culture is part of their language and by neglecting their language, the teacher, in a monolingual classroom, neglects their culture which leads to the danger of neglecting their identity as well. Percentage of learners of each specialization who responded positively to the statements 1 to 7. Questionnaires in Second Language Research. English language teaching and second language acquisition, the role of mother tongue has been an important issue. The amount of time spent in L2 environment was 4 hours per week for 2 semesters, which amounts to about 130 hours of English instruction. Therefore, raising students’ consciousness of the non-parallel nature of language is likely to allow learners to think comparatively. The most beneficial activity has been back-translation class activity. The real usefulness of translation in English classes lies in exploiting it in order to compare grammar, vocabulary, word order and other language points in English and the student’s mother tongue. The evaluations of the 3rd and 4th statements are almost leveled off. The students were asked to rate 7 statements on the five-point Likert scale (1 strongly disagree, 2 – disagree, 3 – not sure, 4 – agree, 5 – strongly agree). In this case, Amy Tan despises her “broken “English instead of identifying herself with the unique language. 97 1. 1 0. Harmer, J. ELT Journal 56 (1), 68 -70. Translation and Foreign Language Reading Comprehension: A Neglected Didactic Procedure. 57 0. Learners’ designed exercises were scrutinized in pairs or small groups. Research methods employ the survey of students’ perceptions of the amount of mother tongue they need in acquisition of a foreign language at tertiary level and mental translation in various class activities. You can change your ad preferences anytime. The role of mother tongue (L1) in second language learning and instruction has been reevaluated several times within the last few decades. 22 PS 0. What is more, there is no valid database that could confirm the standpoint that the monolingual approach in teaching is the best one. The data on the interlanguage and language transfer show that it is highly probable that L2 learners will always think most often in their L1, even at the advanced level (Mahmoud, 2006:29). Statistical significance is the probability that a particular statistical result occurred by chance. Like many languages, English has a number of gender-specific terms that don’t refer to gender-specific ideas and concepts. Selected texts for re-translation should not be too long or too linguistically complex, nor too distant from the knowledge of the student. 819 0. info Mattioli, G. (2004). 89 1. (2006). The interest in learning English is not decreasing. Using the mother tongue, we have (1) learnt to think, (2) learnt to communicate and (3) acquired an intuitive understanding of grammar. The findings demonstrate that all learners need a support of mother tongue in English classes, but the amount of the native language needed depends on students’ proficiency in English. The activities that help raise learners’ awareness of the language use are described. Communicative approaches to language learning in the 1970s and 1980s considered the use of the L1 as undesirable. Statement Number Means Standard Deviations Two-tailed significance levels (p) specialization – 20 students, Social Work (SW) specialization – 17 ROLE OF MOTHER TONGUE IN LEARNING ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES Galina Kavaliauskiene 7 ESP World, Issue 1 (22), Volume 8, 2009, http://www. Every language affects English learners differently, so we can't simply list out all the common mistakes, this post would be too long!If you're a complete newcomer to the country you're in, then it can be hard to identify at first. The survey results are summarized in Table 1. The Mean values around 3 point to learners’ doubts, while values below 3 show learners’ disagreement with the statement. The findings reveal the following: 21% of respondents use only English, 58% of respondents sometimes use mother tongue, 8% – frequently, 7% – most of the time, 6% – about half the time. This paper examines the effect of mother tongue literacy on third language learning in an English/French bilingual programme in Toronto. This led to the idea that all use of the mother tongue in the language classroom should be avoided (Harmer, 2001:131). Moreover, in certain cases the PS students are more negative to the use of mother tongue, e. g. the Mean values to the statements 2, 5, and 6 are between 2 and 3. Jurisprudencija 57 (49), 141-146. Crosslinguistic similarities and differences can produce positive transfer or negative transfer such as underproduction, overproduction, production errors, and misinterpretation. http://www. Your target language, second language or third language is not your inherent lingo; you were not born with it.B e what you are and value your mother tongue and master English as a subject learning. 50 3. 006 0. The columns are arranged in groups of three: the 1st column represents the positive responses of the PS students, while the 2nd – of the PN students, and the 3rd – of the SW students. esp-world. esp-world. References. The various views are reflections on the methodological changes in English language teaching, which have in such way brought different perspectives on the Here it has been important to assess whether the difference between the Means and Standard Deviations in Table 1 for various statements between the groups is significant or not. The former reason implies that the students would be motivated to think more about appropriate equivalents in their own languages and the latter one, of course, emphasizes the importance of cultural diversities and tolerance among nations’. This diploma thesis deals with the role of the mother tongue and translation in English language teaching. 08 0. The amount of L1 use by particular students may well have to do with differing learner styles and abilities. This paper aims at examining students’ perceptions of the use of mother tongue and translation in various linguistic situations. In this study, a brief survey, which was designed in accordance with the accepted standards to surveys in Social Sciences (Dornyei, 2003 17-67), was administered to three groups of learners of different specializations. With the English learners, we have used a number of activities that are beneficial for their linguistic development. Role of Mother Tongue in Teaching of English (Second Language) Role of Mother Tongue in Teaching of English (Second Language) Skip navigation Sign in. There were 55 respondents aged 18 to 22 who were predominantly females at the pre-intermediate and intermediate levels. 00 3. The statisticalsignificance of the research results was computed by employing the Statistical Package for the SocialSciences (SPSS) software.IntroductionThe state-of-the-art teaching of languages is based on the communicative method which emphasizesthe teaching English through English. Translation develops threequalities essential to all language learning: accuracy, clarity, and flexibility (Ross, 2000:61).Therefore, the use of mother tongue and translation can serve as a tool for improving language skills.The goals of this paper are, firstly, to examine students’ perceptions of the use of mother tongue andtranslation in learning English, and secondly, to describe the activities which raise learners’ … Ross, N. J. açb* aPamukkale University, Faculty of Education, 20070, Denizli, … Transfer can be positive and facilitative, where the two languages are identical, or negative, when there are significant differences between two languages. org. Use of mother tongue relates to learner identity. Introduction The state-of-the-art teaching of languages is based on the communicative method which emphasizes the teaching English through English. One is to review the stances of language-oriented theorists, who are practicing foreign/second-language teachers and learners from various parts of the world, regarding the long-standing controversy over whether or not the learner’s mother tongue plays a positive role in the foreign/second-language learning-teaching context. USA. However, the idea of abandoning the native tongue is too stressful to many learners, who need a sense of security in the experience of learning a foreign language. Mother Tongue Amy Tan considers her mother tongue as broken or fractured English. Translation has been thought as uncommunicative, boring, pointless, difficult, andirrelevant.ROLE OF MOTHER TONGUE IN LEARNING ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES 1Galina Kavaliauskienė. Of all the world’s languages, English has the richest vocabulary. ROLE OF MOTHER TONGUE IN LEARNING ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES Galina Kavaliauskiene 3 ESP World, Issue 1 (22), Volume 8, 2009, http://www. This paper reports on diffe rent views and methods in teaching English throughout the history and tries to find ou t what is the role of mother tongue in foreign language teaching. 014 0. Search. In the past, most methods in L2 language pedagogy dictated that L1 should be prohibited in the classroom. (2003). Evidence from research into the crucial issue of the L1 use in classrooms around the world was analyzed by G. Mattioli (2004). Pay attention to mistakes your students make, and when you come across t… ‘Translation holds a special importance at an intermediate. The statistical significance of the research results was computed by employing the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software. Many teachers recognize that the L1 in the classroom is a positive representation of the interlanguage. This led to theidea that all use of the mother tongue in the language classroom should be avoided (Harmer,2001:131). C. Schweers (1999:7) conducted research into this issue and found that a high percentage (88. ESP World, Issue 1 (22), Volume 8, 2009, http://www. For this purpose translation may be useful, because it can be interactive, learner-centered, promotes learners’ autonomy, and uses authentic materials (Mahmoud, 2006:30). Strong mother tongue helps foreign language learning. 158 0. Survey “The Use of Mother Tongue” (not dated). If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. C. W. Schweers (1999:6) encourages teachers to insert the native language into lessons to influence the classroom dynamic, provide a sense of security and validate the learners’ experiences. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. English is a global language which strongly dominates all areas of communication. USA: Cambridge University Press. (2001). Native language use in the classroom can cause students to think that words and structures in English have a L1 correspondence, which does not always exist. esp-world. Generally, errors made in pronunciation are due to difference in the sound system and spelling symbols between the mother tongue and English. %) of the participants felt that mother tongue should be used in their English classes. ROLE OF MOTHER TONGUE IN LEARNING ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES Galina Kavaliauskiene 4 ESP World, Issue 1 (22), Volume 8, 2009, http://www. English Teaching Forum, 44 (4), 28-33. Legal English: Translation Issues. English Teaching Forum 42 (4), 20-25. Therefore, there is neither a scientific nor a pedagogic reason to exclude L1 from the teaching process. The practical part deals with a piece of research carried out in teaching environment using … A solid foundation in their native language, benefits the child in many ways model... 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